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Anarchist Organization Methodology and YOU! | Communist Quick-Start Training Series
 
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Welcome to the exciting world of Anarchist Revolution! This series of training videos will prepare you for global liberation of humanity. Resources: Security Culture: https://deepgreenresistance.org/en/get-involved/security-culture Cyber-Security Basics: https://www.comparitech.com/blog/vpn-privacy/what-is-doxxing-how-to-avoid/ Minimanual of the Urban Guerilla: https://socialhistoryportal.org/sites/default/files/raf/0719730000_0.pdf Loomio Flat Hierarchy Organization Handbook: https://loomio.coop/working_groups.html Organizations: http://internationalistcommune.com https://socialistra.org/ http://foodnotbombs.net/new_site/ https://mutualaiddisasterrelief.org/ Non-Compete is a leftist blog and YouTube channel. Buy Non-Compete Stuff: https://www.non-compete.com/stuff/ Patreon: patreon.com/noncompete Follow me on Mastodon. Find out more: https://www.non-compete.com/its-time-... Facebook/Twitter/Email info: http://www.non-compete.com/about/
Views: 24878 NonCompete
What is Consensus: Rules without Rulers
 
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Who is in charge of Bitcoin? Why is it so hard to change the rules? The governance model of Bitcoin, where there can be transparent and neutral rules without rulers, without regulators, is confusing to most people. It is a natural human inclination not only to appeal to authority but to see the absence of a leader as an invitation, a "job opening." Bitcoin has resisted this for nine years, but it is still immature and trying to find its potential. What the failure of SegWit2x demonstrated was not that this group one and that group lost, but that consensus is an overwhelming majority system. Without it, you are unlikely to succeed. The question is not whether we will scale, but how. The battles we've faced so far are tiny compared to what lies ahead. The choice you all make between convenience and liberty, between safety and freedom, will open up opportunities for billions tomorrow. This talk took place at the Swedish Bitcoin Association event on November 19th 2017 in Stockholm, Sweden: http://www.bitcoinforeningen.se/ RELATED: Bitcoin for Beginners - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLPQwGV1aLnTuN6kdNWlElfr2tzigB9Nnj Decentralized Truth - https://youtu.be/XCVaabu3J04 Open Blockchains for Cashless Developed Economies - https://youtu.be/eo-0BgrKxiI Money as a System-of-Control - https://youtu.be/FyK4P7ZdOK8 Worse Than Useless: Financial Surveillance - https://youtu.be/n4F-h4xuXMk Fake News, Fake Money - https://youtu.be/i_wOEL6dprg Delivering Liberty, at Scale - https://youtu.be/AecPrwqjbGw Hardware, Software, Trustware - https://youtu.be/Etyjc1JdmFU Forkology: A Study of Forks for Newbies - https://youtu.be/rpeceXY1QBM Decentralized power, leaderless governance - https://youtu.be/E5VbDlQTPzU The Switzerland of currencies - https://youtu.be/pV83Qmy578c HODLing and the "get free" scheme - https://youtu.be/MhOwmsW1YNI Why developers are leaving banks - https://youtu.be/GqOZ4IAQ-xQ Andreas M. Antonopoulos is a technologist and serial entrepreneur who has become one of the most well-known and respected figures in bitcoin. Follow on Twitter: @aantonop https://twitter.com/aantonop Website: https://antonopoulos.com/ He is the author of two books: “Mastering Bitcoin,” published by O’Reilly Media and considered the best technical guide to bitcoin; “The Internet of Money,” a book about why bitcoin matters. Highlights of IoM Volume 2: https://youtu.be/Qkjm5E5BeB8 THE INTERNET OF MONEY, v1: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Internet-Money-collection-Andreas-Antonopoulos/dp/1537000454/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8 [NEW] THE INTERNET OF MONEY, v2: https://www.amazon.com/Internet-Money-Andreas-M-Antonopoulos/dp/194791006X/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8 MASTERING BITCOIN: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Mastering-Bitcoin-Unlocking-Digital-Cryptocurrencies/dp/1449374042 [NEW] MASTERING BITCOIN, 2nd Edition: https://www.amazon.com/Mastering-Bitcoin-Programming-Open-Blockchain/dp/1491954388 Subscribe to the channel to learn more about Bitcoin & open blockchains! If you want early-access to talks and a chance to participate in a monthly LIVE Q&A with Andreas, become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/aantonop Videography: BitJoin (https://bitjoin.me/) Music: "Unbounded" by Orfan (https://www.facebook.com/Orfan/) Outro Graphics: Phneep (http://www.phneep.com/) Outro Art: Rock Barcellos (http://www.rockincomics.com.br/)
Views: 40765 aantonop
Bitcoin Q&A: What are PayNyms?
 
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What are PayNyms / BIP-47 reusable payment codes and how do they work? A payment code for hierarchical deterministic wallets, which can be publicly advertised and associated with a real-life identity without creating the loss of security or privacy inherent to P2PKH address reuse. They are supported natively by Samourai Wallet. More about BIP-47: https://github.com/bitcoin/bips/blob/master/bip-0047.mediawiki More about stealth addresses: https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/stealth-transactions-and-reusable-payment-codes-how-bitcoin-addresses-can-be-hidden-in-plain-sight-1467743772/ More about PayNyms: https://support.samourai.io/article/68-what-are-paynyms https://paynym.is/ This question is from the January monthly subscriber session, which took place on January 26th 2019. If you want early-access to talks and a chance to participate in the monthly live Q&As with Andreas, become a patron: https://www.patreon.com/aantonop RELATED: Worse than Useless: Financial Surveillance - https://youtu.be/n4F-h4xuXMk Money as a System-of-Control - https://youtu.be/FyK4P7ZdOK8 The Stories We Tell About Money - https://youtu.be/ONvg9SbauMg Bitcoin: Privacy, Identity, Surveillance and Money - https://youtu.be/Vcvl5piGlYg ADISummit: Self-Sovereign Identity Panel - https://youtu.be/DZbyiJqKT8c How is fungibility tied to privacy? - https://youtu.be/VuI-8EwqIS8 Public keys versus addresses - https://youtu.be/8es3qQWkEiU Re-using addresses - https://youtu.be/4A3urPFkx8g Airdrop coins and privacy implications - https://youtu.be/JHRnqJJ0rhc Wallet design and mass adoption - https://youtu.be/WbZX6BDZJHc How do I choose a wallet? - https://youtu.be/tN6b62sEpsY Using paper wallets - https://youtu.be/cKehFazo8Pw Exchanges, identity, and surveillance - https://youtu.be/TVFy8xXfxAA The price of losing privacy - https://youtu.be/2G8IgiLbT_4 Layered scaling and privacy - https://youtu.be/4w-bjUhpf_Q Coin selection and privacy - https://youtu.be/3Ck683CQGAQ Lightning and onion routing - https://youtu.be/D-nKuInDq6g SegWit and fork research - https://youtu.be/OorLoi01KEE MimbleWimble and Schnorr signatures - https://youtu.be/qloq75ekxv0 Mixing services - https://youtu.be/rKoMvOH4zoY Borderless money - https://youtu.be/EZh1-ZqffOw Will governments let privacy coins exist? - https://youtu.be/30sjEW70rLE Differences between Grin and Beam? - https://youtu.be/SojKwudx1TI Andreas M. Antonopoulos is a technologist and serial entrepreneur who has become one of the most well-known and respected figures in bitcoin. Follow on Twitter: @aantonop https://twitter.com/aantonop Website: https://antonopoulos.com/ He is the author of two books: “Mastering Bitcoin,” published by O’Reilly Media and considered the best technical guide to bitcoin; “The Internet of Money,” a book about why bitcoin matters. THE INTERNET OF MONEY, v1: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Internet-Money-collection-Andreas-Antonopoulos/dp/1537000454/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8 [NEW] THE INTERNET OF MONEY, v2: https://www.amazon.com/Internet-Money-Andreas-M-Antonopoulos/dp/194791006X/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8 MASTERING BITCOIN: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Mastering-Bitcoin-Unlocking-Digital-Cryptocurrencies/dp/1449374042 [NEW] MASTERING BITCOIN, 2nd Edition: https://www.amazon.com/Mastering-Bitcoin-Programming-Open-Blockchain/dp/1491954388 Translations of MASTERING BITCOIN: https://bitcoinbook.info/translations-of-mastering-bitcoin/ Subscribe to the channel to learn more about Bitcoin & open blockchains! Music: "Unbounded" by Orfan (https://www.facebook.com/Orfan/) Outro Graphics: Phneep (http://www.phneep.com/) Outro Art: Rock Barcellos (http://www.rockincomics.com.br/)
Views: 6178 aantonop
Hierarchy | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hierarchy 00:01:29 1 Nomenclature 00:05:07 1.1 Degree of branching 00:07:18 2 History of the term 00:08:33 3 Visually representing hierarchies 00:09:48 4 Visual hierarchy 00:11:29 5 Informal representation 00:12:06 6 Mathematical representation 00:13:47 7 Subtypes 00:13:55 7.1 Nested hierarchy 00:16:18 7.1.1 Containment hierarchy 00:17:35 7.1.1.1 Subsumptive containment hierarchy 00:18:39 7.1.1.2 Compositional containment hierarchy 00:20:18 8 Contexts and applications 00:22:45 8.1 Organizations 00:23:34 8.2 Life 00:24:25 8.3 Computer graphic imaging 00:24:54 8.4 Linguistics 00:25:47 8.5 Music 00:27:09 9 Criticisms of views, concerning distinctions of type and categories well as distinguishability 00:29:10 9.1 Ethics, behavioral psychology, philosophies of identity 00:30:00 10 Examples of other applications 00:30:10 10.1 Information-based 00:31:38 10.2 City planning-based 00:31:47 10.3 Linguistics-based 00:31:56 10.4 Power- or authority-based 00:32:18 10.5 Value-based 00:32:27 10.6 Perception-based 00:36:51 10.7 History-based Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.95721700201325 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarkhia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "president of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another. Hierarchy is an important concept in a wide variety of fields, such as philosophy, mathematics, computer science, organizational theory, systems theory, and the social sciences (especially political philosophy). A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally. The only direct links in a hierarchy, insofar as they are hierarchical, are to one's immediate superior or to one of one's subordinates, although a system that is largely hierarchical can also incorporate alternative hierarchies. Hierarchical links can extend "vertically" upwards or downwards via multiple links in the same direction, following a path. All parts of the hierarchy which are not linked vertically to one another nevertheless can be "horizontally" linked through a path by traveling up the hierarchy to find a common direct or indirect superior, and then down again. This is akin to two co-workers or colleagues; each reports to a common superior, but they have the same relative amount of authority. Organizational forms exist that are both alternative and complementary to hierarchy. Heterarchy is one such form.
Views: 1 wikipedia tts
Microsoft Build 2019 - LIVE Stream - Day 2 (May 7)
 
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To watch more sessions and ask questions live on air head over to https://aka.ms/MicrosoftBuildLive
Views: 15096 Microsoft Developer
Target Chain of Trust Attack - WSWiR Episode 94
 
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In this weekly security podcast, Corey Nachreiner, CISSP and Director of Security Strategy for WatchGuard Technologies, summarizes the week's biggest network and information security stories -- often sharing useful security tips where appropriate. Visit our blog post for full details: http://watchguardsecuritycenter.com
Views: 463 Corey Nachreiner
Hierarchy | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Hierarchy Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarkhia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "president of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another. A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally. The only direct links in a hierarchy, insofar as they are hierarchical, are to one's immediate superior or to one of one's subordinates, although a system that is largely hierarchical can also incorporate alternative hierarchies. Indirect hierarchical links can extend "vertically" upwards or downwards via multiple links in the same direction, following a path. All parts of the hierarchy which are not linked vertically to one another nevertheless can be "horizontally" linked through a path by traveling up the hierarchy to find a common direct or indirect superior, and then down again. This is akin to two co-workers or colleagues; each reports to a common superior, but they have the same relative amount of authority. Organizational forms exist that are both alternative and complementary to hierarchy. Heterarchy is one such form.
Views: 4 wikipedia tts
10 Strange Mysterious Ciphers We Couldn’t Read Until Recently
 
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Here are 10 strange mysterious ciphers we couldn’t read until recently, this list looks at ten incredibly important documents and the secrets they have kept hidden until recently... If you like this video, feel free to subscribe us for more! ➤ Please leave your comments! We shall be grateful for any your response, your comments for this video. Thank you! Follow us to get more new stories and cool stuff daily! ➤ youtube.com/UnsolvedMysteries ➤ google.com/+UnsolvedMysteriesOfficial ➤ fb.com/MysteriesOfficial Unsolved Mysteries channel & materials licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research... If any producer or label has an issue with any of the uploads please get in contact ([email protected]) with us first. Thank you! Thanks to Adrian von Ziegler for the background music!
Views: 13855 Unsolved Mysteries
Rastafarianism | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Rastafarianism Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s. Scholars of religion and related fields have classified it as both a new religious movement and a social movement. There is no centralized authority in control of the movement and much heterogeneity exists among practitioners, who are known as Rastafari, Rastafarians, or Rastas. Rastas refer to their beliefs, which are based on a specific interpretation of the Bible, as "Rastalogy". Central is a monotheistic belief in a single God—referred to as Jah—who partially resides within each individual. The former emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, is given central importance. Many Rastas regard him as an incarnation of Jah on Earth and as the Second Coming of Christ. Others regard him as a human prophet who fully recognized the inner divinity within every individual. Rastafari is Afrocentric and focuses its attention on the African diaspora, which it believes is oppressed within Western society, or "Babylon". Many Rastas call for the resettlement of the African diaspora in either Ethiopia or Africa more widely, referring to this continent as the Promised Land of "Zion". Other interpretations shift focus on to the adoption of an Afrocentric attitude while living outside of Africa. Rastas refer to their practices as "livity". Communal meetings are known as "groundations", and are typified by music, chanting, discussions, and the smoking of cannabis, the latter being regarded as a sacrament with beneficial properties. Rastas place emphasis on what they regard as living 'naturally', adhering to ital dietary requirements, twisting their hair into dreadlocks, and following patriarchal gender roles. Rastafari originated among impoverished and socially disenfranchised Afro-Jamaican communities in 1930s Jamaica. Its Afrocentric ideology was largely a reaction against Jamaica's then-dominant British colonial culture. It was influenced by both Ethiopianism and the Back-to-Africa movement promoted by black nationalist figures like Marcus Garvey. The movement developed after several Christian clergymen, most notably Leonard Howell, proclaimed that the crowning of Haile Selassie as Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930 fulfilled a Biblical prophecy. By the 1950s, Rastafari's counter-cultural stance had brought the movement into conflict with wider Jamaican society, including violent clashes with law enforcement. In the 1960s and 1970s it gained increased respectability within Jamaica and greater visibility abroad through the popularity of Rasta-inspired reggae musicians like Bob Marley. Enthusiasm for Rastafari declined in the 1980s, following the deaths of Haile Selassie and Marley, but the movement has survived and has a presence in many parts of the world. The Rasta movement is organised on a largely cellular basis. There are several denominations, or "Mansions of Rastafari", the most prominent of which are the Nyahbinghi, Bobo Ashanti, and the Twelve Tribes of Israel, each of which offers different interpretations of Rasta belief. There are an estimated 700,000 to 1 million Rastas across the world; the largest population is in Jamaica although communities can be found in most of the world's major population centres. The majority of practitioners are of black African descent, although a minority come from other racial groups.
Views: 74 wikipedia tts
Knowledge mining with Neuromation
 
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Democratizing access to the tools of Artificial Intelligence, generating synthetic data for deep learning applications, Neuromation puts to good use the mining power of the computers securing blockchain networks. In this conversation with Andrew Rabinovich, Director of Deep Learning at Magic Leap, David Orban discusses the implications of this approach for the development of innovative decentralized AI applications.
Views: 992 David Orban
State of Blockchain 2017: Smartnetworks & the Blockchain Economy w/ Melanie Swan
 
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State of Blockchain 2017: Smartnetworks & the Blockchain Economy w/ Melanie Swan Brooklyn Futurist Meetup. September 14 2017 at Geraldo's Cafe in Brooklyn Law's Feil Hall https://www.meetup.com/BLKNY30/events/240580804/ 00:00 Introduction: Mile Taubleb + Jonathan Askin 13:19 Presentation: Melanie Swan SPEAKER: Melanie Swan is a Philosopher and Economic Theorist at the New School University in New York NY. She is the author of /Blockchain: Blueprint for a New Economy/ and has published many articles, papers and book chapters on this topic. Melanie leads The Institute for Blockchain Studies - an independent non-profit research institute examining the theoretical, philosophical, and societal implications of blockchain technology (the technology underlying Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies). SLIDES: https://www.slideshare.net/secret/4NNNEyy2lfnok9
Ulterior States [IamSatoshi Documentary]
 
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Ulterior States A Film By Tomer Kantor - An IamSatoshi Production Tip bitcoin: 1NkMgKPdwP63q5LFQW84dczJthFWYLwkoW http://www.iamsatoshi.com/ulterior-states-documentary Featuring (alphabetically): Andreas Antonopoulos Julian Assange Jessi Baker Adam Cleary Matt Corallo Sven Desai Kyle Drake Stephen Early Mark Edge Chris Ellis Rick Falkvinge Paul Gordon Ian Grigg Vinay Gupta Jonathan Harrison Daniel Hassan Garrick Hileman Denis Jaromil Roio John Karanja Toni Lane Simon Lelieveldt Nadav Rosenberg Brett Scott Lui Smyth Elizabeth Starks Amir Taaki Robin Teigland Peter Todd Julia Tourianski Sveinn Valfells Erik Voorhees Cody Wilson Titles Design: Louis Chang Poster Design: Ofer Kantor Ulterior States, an IamSatoshi production, is an argumentative documentary project. The participatory development, production and post ‘guerilla-film-making-methods’, bounced between (non-academic) literature research, video interviews and studio sessions. This investigative process allowed having real-life conversations with some thought leaders within the Bitcoin ecosystem. In an attempt to portray the community behind the message to adopt a network, being a one-man team allowed for easier access to the subjects. The enthusiasm and commitment that saturate through the lens in many parts of the film, expose how the adopters of Bitcoin want to explore, to probe and, to show the world, something important, otherwise overlooked. The film took three years and 125 videos to complete. Through this journey, I got immersed in the decentralised crypto-currency culture and met a bunch of wonderful futuristic-pirates, I would have never met otherwise. It is becoming easier to admit that Ulterior States is an expression of my perceptions, an extract of the years 2012-2015. The collaged story explores code as activism and discovers a melting pot through the neutrality of a decentralised consensus. It looks to the future from different humanist perspectives and argues that crypto-currencies could lead towards; community governed micro-state applications. Winner of Berlin Independent Film Festival 2018 Micro Budget Feature Ulterior States was completely self-funded and produced as a final project for London South Bank University [MA - Arts & Humanity - Digital Film]. Purchase the music from the film: http://ultimae.com/shop/ http://mastermargherita.com/ https://www.facebook.com/I.am.Satoshi.Nakamoto https://twitter.com/Iam_Satoshi
Views: 73159 Satoshi Pollen
Blockchain Beyond Bitcoin - with Vinay Gupta | Virtual Futures Salon
 
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Virtual Futures presents tech-visionary Vinay Gupta to dicuss cryptocurrencies and the uptake of the blockchain in all its applications. This event is organised in partnership with the Department of Economics at the University of Warwick as part of their 360 Lecture Series. Blockchain, also known as distributed ledger technology, has attracted a great deal of attention due to the hype surrounding cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. Whilst blockchain technology might be able to drive economic change globally, the applications are innumerable. Among others, the implications include empowering impoverished individuals by bypassing banks for payments, generating personalized identities for voting, securing healthcare data, improving supply chain logistics, and allowing business to be carried out transparently. Vinay will share his thoughts on how a technology that permits secure and transparent solutions might transform the next decade. Vinay Gupta is a leading figure in the blockchain space. He is the co-founder of Mattereum, co-ordinated the release of the blockchain platform Ethereum in July 2015, and was strategic architect for ConsenSys, a technology hub focusing on the Ethereum blockchain and related applications. He was the designer of the National Blockchain Strategy for Dubai and is a partner at Hexayurt Capital, the technology-focused VC firm behind the Internet of Agreements. He has been involved in commercial software development since 1992 and his experience as a programmer and visionary has covered fields as diverse as medical imaging, flight simulation, computer graphics, cryptographic applications and the web. In conversation with Luke Robert Mason, Director of Virtual Futures. --- Follow the conversation on Twitter using #VFSalon Support Virtual Futures on Patreon: http://patreon.com/virtualfutures Find out more: http://virtualfutures.co.uk --- Credits Produced by Virtual Futures Camera by Jason ‘Jay’ Langdell: http://jam-av.com Sound by Luke Robert Mason Lighting by Ian O’Donoghue Edited by Luke Robert Mason Thanks to Bozena Beauclair Thanks to Anirudh Pai Thanks to Jeremy Smith Thanks to Charlotte White Hosted at the University of Warwick: http://go.warwick.ac.uk/economics --- Follow Virtual Futures on Social Media Twitter: http://twitter.com/virtualfutures Facebook: http://facebook.com/virtualfutures Instagram: http://instagram.com/virtualfutures Medium: http://medium.com/@virtualfutures SoundCloud: http://soundcloud.com/virtualfutures YouTube: http://youtube.com/virtualfutures --- Our Recording Equipment (Affiliate Links) RØDE Procaster Broadcast Dynamic Microphone: http://amzn.to/2wClVSx RØDE PSM1 Microphone Shock Mount: http://amzn.to/2wCh8Ri RØDE PSA1 Swivel Mount Studio Microphone Boom Arm: http://amzn.to/2f9tVYo Stagg 3m High Quality XLR to XLR Plug Microphone Cable: http://amzn.to/2wCjrnf Stagg 10m High Quality XLR to XLR Plug Microphone Cable: http://amzn.to/2y2En7y Zoom H6 Handy Recorder: http://amzn.to/2woqxg0 Zoom Q2n Handy Video Recorder: http://amzn.to/2g3gnxQ Canon EOS 80D: http://amzn.to/2eZo1oQ Canon EF 50 mm 1.8 STM Lens: http://amzn.to/2yQ37k5 Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM Lens: http://amzn.to/2y2EakM Manfrotto Befree Live Aluminium Travel Tripod with Fluid Head: http://amzn.to/2y257VT Sennheiser EW 100-ENG G3-GB Portable System: http://amzn.to/2H38Bgd
Views: 7194 Virtual Futures
Computable Real Numbers and Why They Are Still Important Today
 
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Talk by ACM A.M. Turing Laureate Edmund Clarke during the ACM A.M. Turing Centenary Celebration, June, 2012. Abstract: Although every undergraduate in computer science learns about Turing Machines, it is not well known that they were originally proposed as a means of characterizing computable real numbers. For a long time, formal verification paid little attention to computational applications that involve the manipulation of continuous quantities, even though such applications are ubiquitous. In recent years, however, there has been great interest in safety-critical hybrid systems involving both discrete and continuous behaviors, including autonomous automotive and aerospace applications, medical devices of various sorts, control programs for electric power plants, and so on. As a result, the formal analysis of numerical computation can no longer be ignored. This talk focuses on one of the most successful verification techniques, temporal logic model checking. Current industrial model checkers do not scale to handle realistic hybrid systems. The key to handling more complex systems is to make better use of the theory of the computable reals, and computable analysis more generally. New formal methods for hybrid systems should combine existing discrete methods in model checking with new algorithms based on computable analysis. In particular, this talk discusses a model checker currently being developed along these lines.
Michael Rabin, 1976 ACM Turing Award Recipient
 
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Speaks about his early life, family, education, and research word leading up to the Turing Award and his work after. More information: http://amturing.acm.org/award_winners/rabin_9681074.cfm
This week in Bitcoin- 1-5-2018- Return of the BTC! Ripple, Giacomo Zucco, Michael Krieger, K. Bosak
 
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This week an all-star panel talks about everything you need to know that happened this week in Bitcoin and cryptocurrency. Giacomo Zucco, joins us from Italy while Michael Krieger and Ken Bosak are based in the USA. Strong hands were rewarded once again with BTC making yet another (predictable) comeback. What do the panel members think of the altcoin/ripple pump? Much more will be discussed. SEE YOU AT 9:30 AM on Saturday in San Diego- https://twitter.com/HeyTaiZen/status/949472842080575494 Giacomo Zucco- https://twitter.com/giacomozucco Michael Krieger- https://twitter.com/LibertyBlitz Kenn Bosak- https://twitter.com/KennethBosak Liberty Blitzkrieg- https://libertyblitzkrieg.com/ World crypto economic forum. South San Francisco Conference Center 20% discount code - disruptmeister20 - can apply it here- https://www.eventbrite.com/e/world-crypto-economic-forum-tickets-40798780250 https://loftycoffee.com/ 444 W Cedar St. San Diego. Bitconnect and Texas- https://twitter.com/FortWorth_SEC/status/949317164867219457 Thursday's show- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BWmfHV17NXg Wednesday show- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RLbmaYvpAn4 Tuesday's Show- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dXVURQN9Qx0 Monday's show- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oZVU8Pf9V4k Sunday's show- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K4aeGyEOI9E Saturday's show- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G0S-ERa5sxY This week in Bitcoin- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZUQgxAacHQY Thursday's show- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuyNgEsnffE WCN Podcast- https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-world-crypto-network-podcast/id825708806?mt=2 Bitcoin people you need to know- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YuWlWnJqHn4 Birth of the Crypto-dividend- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rg86clOEd3A Email the Disrupt Meister intern- [email protected] and tell us why you want to be an intern! -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CryptoHWwallet affiliate link- https://www.cryptohwwallet.com?acc=a87ff679a2f3e71d9181a67b7542122c "MeisterFreeHW1Over200" This is the coupon that is for people who spends over $200 (exclude shipping) to get a free H.W1. Ledger hardware wallet. Limit 10 pcs only coupon use at first, first come first serve basis only. 1 per customer for up to 10 uses. BUY Cryptograffiti shirts here and use the "Meister" discount code to get 10% off anything in the store! https://cryptograffiti.com/collections/all UPVOTE THIS- https://steemit.com/bitcoin/@bitcoinmeister/live-at-4pm-est-this-week-in-bitcoin-1-5-2018-return-of-the-btc-ripple-giacomo-zucco-michael-krieger-kenn-bosak Buy your Bitcoin Trezor storage device here: https://shop.trezor.io/?a=c81d29b7bbf1 Buy Bitcoin at Coinbase here: https://www.coinbase.com/join/528aa4ec443594782100003a CryptoHWwallet affiliate link- https://www.cryptohwwallet.com?acc=a87ff679a2f3e71d9181a67b7542122c Adam's Twitter- https://twitter.com/TechBalt Adam's Minds- https://www.minds.com/BitcoinMeister Support the cause if you like what I have to say: BTC: 3HZngc6ASzt3deDm582u8xJRFAwmz7YTwG ETC: 0xb28CD007E0495b34BA6030859030322b7bE8422B Monero: 49broKTMLfFBZtzFFWptyqbuTF4rm7Pp6HZj4ReRuKQf3Z6uFjCbWgs6n4ymX5aYTsczoELGd3vYSD4XUQrjvy3S5qTsN3s LTC: LQm55H4oUCoVPiBd25A4v2jHXLtC9oo9Jg ETH: 0x0feb7bCd89C4Ea0c14FC7D94b9afBDE993034AD5 DASH: Xjcpo8Lh6NKQoV3F12pGpXUiK4XRoQyudN Decred: Dsoq2ZPcqQDj5TSBLMAFX2SxCMHaYFnDty4 BGold: AN6p1tD2KwRKvhiinprN9wCqGe4KUqPsY5 My latest Steemit post: https://steemit.com/bitcoin/@bitcoinmeister/live-at-4pm-est-this-week-in-bitcoin-1-5-2018-return-of-the-btc-ripple-giacomo-zucco-michael-krieger-kenn-bosak My Steemit page: https://steemit.com/@bitcoinmeister https://www.youtube.com/c/BitcoinMeister http://disruptmeister.com/ Value of every cryptocurrency- https://www.coinmarketwatch.com Watch more of my Bitcoin videos here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLgyAakZPtCVQKl6naVHUfOiICFG8BYMp Adam Meister is available for an hour long Bitcoin/cryptocurrency consultation where he can walk you through the Trezor installation process and help you move your Bitcoins to the Trezor. He will answer all your questions in that hour. Trezor is just one Bitcoin topic that Adam can help you with, you can ask his advice on anything cryptocurrency related. From marketing and promotion to Altcoins to storage and the buy and hold philosophy. Adam's hourly rate is 0.11 Bitcoin. Feel free to email: Adam AT TrezorHelp DOT com to set up a Skype/phone consultation or to arrange an in person appearance or speaking engagement. Adam is available to speak at conferences around the world. Follow Adam on Twitter here: https://twitter.com/TechBalt Buy your Bitcoin Trezor storage device here: https://shop.trezor.io/?a=c81d29b7bbf
Views: 3974 BitcoinMeister
NIPS 2011 Learning Semantics Workshop: Towards More Human-like Machine Learning of Word Meanings
 
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Learning Semantics Workshop at NIPS 2011 Invited Talk: Towards More Human-like Machine Learning of Word Meanings by Josh Tenenbaum Josh Tenenbaum is a Professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Him and his colleagues in the Computational Cognitive Science group study one of the most basic and distinctively human aspects of cognition: the ability to learn so much about the world, rapidly and flexibly. Abstract: How can we build machines that learn the meanings of words more like the way that human children do? I will talk about several challenges and how we are beginning to address them using sophisticated probabilistic models. Children can learn words from minimal data, often just one or a few positive examples (one-shot learning). Children learn to learn: they acquire powerful inductive biases for new word meanings in the course of learning their first words. Children can learn words for abstract concepts or types of concepts that have no little or no direct perceptual correlate. Children's language can be highly context-sensitive, with parameters of word meaning that must be computed anew for each context rather than simply stored. Children learn function words: words whose meanings are expressed purely in how they compose with the meanings of other words. Children learn whole systems of words together, in mutually constraining ways, such as color terms, number words, or spatial prepositions. Children learn word meanings that not only describe the world but can be used for reasoning, including causal and counterfactual reasoning. Bayesian learning defined over appropriately structured representations — hierarchical probabilistic models, generative process models, and compositional probabilistic languages — provides a basis for beginning to address these challenges.
Views: 2540 GoogleTechTalks
The art of drawing spirits into crystals (plus free Ebook)
 
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Download the Ebook here: http://www.occult-underground.com/ebooks/drawingspirits.zip Johannes Trithemius (1 February 1462 - 13 December 1516) was born Johann Heidenberg. The name by which he is more commonly known is derived from his native town of Trittenheim on the Mosel in Germany. He studied at the University of Heidelberg. Travelling from university back to his home town in 1482, he was surprised by a snowstorm and took refuge in the Benedictine abbey of Sponheim near Bad Kreuznach. He decided to stay and was elected abbot in 1483, at the age of twenty-one. He set out to transform the abbey from a poor, undisciplined and ruinous place into a centre of learning. In his time, the abbey library increased from around fifty items to more than two thousand. However, his efforts did not meet with praise, and his reputation as a magician did not further his acceptance. Increasing differences with the convent led to his resignation in 1506, when he decided to take up the offer of the Lord Bishop of Würzburg, Lorenz von Bibra (bishop from 1495 to 1519), to become abbot of the Schottenkloster ("Scottish monastery") in Würzburg. He remained there until the end of his life. Among his pupils were Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa (1486 - 1535) and Paracelsus (1493 - 1541). His most famous work is Steganographia (written c.1499; published Frankfurt, 1606, placed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum in 1609). This book is in three volumes, and appears to be about black magic - specifically, about using spirits to communicate over long distances. Since the publication of the decryption key to the first two volumes in 1606, they have been known to be actually concerned with cryptography and steganography. Until recently, the third volume was widely still believed to be about magic - but recently the "magical" formulae were shown to be covertexts for yet more cryptography content. The work has lent its name to the modern field of steganography. Other works include De septum secundeis (The Seven Secondary Intelligences, 1508), a history of the world based on astrology; Annales Hirsaugiensis (1514); and Polygraphia (1518). http://www.occult-underground.com/trithemius.html
Views: 542 Occult Hyve
Anarchist | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:24:22
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Anarchist Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions. These are often described as stateless societies, although several authors have defined them more specifically as institutions based on non-hierarchical or free associations. Anarchism holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary and harmful.While opposition to the state is central, anarchism specifically entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of all human relations. Anarchism is usually considered a far-left ideology and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflects anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism, mutualism, or participatory economics.Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view, instead fluxing and flowing as a philosophy. Many types and traditions of anarchism exist, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have often been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications.
Views: 18 wikipedia tts
Rastafari | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rastafari 00:04:37 1 Definition 00:07:52 2 Beliefs 00:11:53 2.1 Jah Rastafari and Jesus of Nazareth 00:15:05 2.2 Haile Selassie 00:21:26 2.3 Afrocentrism, Babylon, and Zion 00:29:35 2.3.1 Salvation and paradise 00:32:09 2.4 Morality, ethics, and gender roles 00:40:39 3 Practices 00:41:40 3.1 Grounding 00:46:35 3.2 Spiritual use of cannabis 00:52:25 3.3 Music 00:57:19 3.4 Language and symbolism 01:02:10 3.5 Diet 01:03:47 3.6 Dreadlocks 01:10:29 4 History 01:13:33 4.1 Ethiopianism, Back to Africa, and Marcus Garvey 01:18:07 4.2 Haile Selassie and the early Rastas: 1930–1949 01:21:45 4.3 Growing visibility: 1950–1969 01:27:05 4.4 International spread and decline: 1970–present 01:31:03 5 Organization 01:32:40 5.1 Mansions of Rastafari 01:33:35 5.1.1 House of Nyabinghi 01:34:40 5.1.2 Bobo Ashanti 01:36:28 5.1.3 Twelve Tribes of Israel 01:38:57 5.1.4 Church of Haile Selassie 01:39:36 5.1.5 Fulfilled Rastafari 01:40:22 6 Demographics 01:43:02 6.1 Conversion and deconversion 01:46:16 6.2 Jamaica and the Caribbean 01:49:27 6.3 Africa 01:53:23 6.4 Western countries 01:57:35 6.5 Australasia and Asia 01:58:06 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7149799811277912 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s. Scholars of religion and related fields have classified it as both a new religious movement and a social movement. There is no central authority in control of the movement and much diversity exists among practitioners, who are known as Rastafari, Rastafarians, or Rastas. Rastas refer to their beliefs, which are based on a specific interpretation of the Bible, as "Rastalogy". Central is a monotheistic belief in a single God—referred to as Jah—who partially resides within each individual. Haile Selassie, the Emperor of Ethiopia between 1930 and 1974, is given central importance. Many Rastas regard him as an incarnation of Jah on Earth and as the Second Coming of Christ. Others regard him as a human prophet who fully recognized the inner divinity in every individual. Rastafari is Afrocentric and focuses its attention on the African diaspora, which it believes is oppressed within Western society, or "Babylon". Many Rastas call for the resettlement of the African diaspora in either Ethiopia or Africa more widely, referring to this continent as the Promised Land of "Zion". Rastas refer to their practices as "livity". Communal meetings are known as "groundations", and are typified by music, chanting, discussions, and the smoking of cannabis, the latter being regarded as a sacrament with beneficial properties. Rastas place emphasis on what they regard as living "naturally", adhering to ital dietary requirements, twisting their hair into dreadlocks, and following patriarchal gender roles. Rastafari originated among impoverished and socially disenfranchised Afro-Jamaican communities in 1930s Jamaica. Its Afrocentric ideology was largely a reaction against Jamaica's then-dominant British colonial culture. It was influenced by both Ethiopianism and the Back-to-Africa movement promoted by black nationalist figures like Marcus Garvey. The movement developed after several Christian clergymen, most notably Leonard Howell, proclaimed that Haile Selassie's crowning as emperor in 1930 fulfilled a Biblical prophecy. By the 1950s, Rastafari's counter-cultural stance had brought the movement into conflict with wider Jamaican society, including violent clashes with law enforcement. In the 1960s and 1970s it gained increased respectability within Jamaica and greater visibility abroad through the popularity of Rasta-inspired reggae musicians like Bob Marley. Enthusiasm for Rastafari declined in the 1980s, following the deaths of Haile Selassie and Marley, but the movement survived and ha ...
Views: 61 wikipedia tts
Rastafari | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:28:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Rastafari Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s. Scholars of religion and related fields have classified it as both a new religious movement and a social movement. There is no centralized authority in control of the movement and much heterogeneity exists among practitioners, who are known as Rastafari, Rastafarians, or Rastas. Rastas refer to their beliefs, which are based on a specific interpretation of the Bible, as "Rastalogy". Central is a monotheistic belief in a single God—referred to as Jah—who partially resides within each individual. The former emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, is given central importance. Many Rastas regard him as an incarnation of Jah on Earth and as the Second Coming of Christ. Others regard him as a human prophet who fully recognized the inner divinity within every individual. Rastafari is Afrocentric and focuses its attention on the African diaspora, which it believes is oppressed within Western society, or "Babylon". Many Rastas call for the resettlement of the African diaspora in either Ethiopia or Africa more widely, referring to this continent as the Promised Land of "Zion". Other interpretations shift focus on to the adoption of an Afrocentric attitude while living outside of Africa. Rastas refer to their practices as "livity". Communal meetings are known as "groundations", and are typified by music, chanting, discussions, and the smoking of cannabis, the latter being regarded as a sacrament with beneficial properties. Rastas place emphasis on what they regard as living 'naturally', adhering to ital dietary requirements, twisting their hair into dreadlocks, and following patriarchal gender roles. Rastafari originated among impoverished and socially disenfranchised Afro-Jamaican communities in 1930s Jamaica. Its Afrocentric ideology was largely a reaction against Jamaica's then-dominant British colonial culture. It was influenced by both Ethiopianism and the Back-to-Africa movement promoted by black nationalist figures like Marcus Garvey. The movement developed after several Christian clergymen, most notably Leonard Howell, proclaimed that the crowning of Haile Selassie as Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930 fulfilled a Biblical prophecy. By the 1950s, Rastafari's counter-cultural stance had brought the movement into conflict with wider Jamaican society, including violent clashes with law enforcement. In the 1960s and 1970s it gained increased respectability within Jamaica and greater visibility abroad through the popularity of Rasta-inspired reggae musicians like Bob Marley. Enthusiasm for Rastafari declined in the 1980s, following the deaths of Haile Selassie and Marley, but the movement has survived and has a presence in many parts of the world. The Rasta movement is organised on a largely cellular basis. There are several denominations, or "Mansions of Rastafari", the most prominent of which are the Nyahbinghi, Bobo Ashanti, and the Twelve Tribes of Israel, each of which offers different interpretations of Rasta belief. There are an estimated 700,000 to 1 million Rastas across the world; the largest population is in Jamaica although communities can be found in most of the world's major population centres. The majority of practitioners are of black African descent, although a minority come from other racial groups.
Views: 50 wikipedia tts
Anarchism | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:24:21
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Anarchism Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions. These are often described as stateless societies, although several authors have defined them more specifically as institutions based on non-hierarchical or free associations. Anarchism holds the state to be undesirable, unnecessary and harmful.While opposition to the state is central, anarchism specifically entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of all human relations. Anarchism is usually considered a far-left ideology and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflects anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism, mutualism, or participatory economics.Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view, instead fluxing and flowing as a philosophy. Many types and traditions of anarchism exist, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have often been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications.
Views: 32 wikipedia tts
Computational complexity theory
 
36:20
Computational complexity theory is a branch of the theory of computation in theoretical computer science and mathematics that focuses on classifying computational problems according to their inherent difficulty, and relating those classes to each other. A computational problem is understood to be a task that is in principle amenable to being solved by a computer, which is equivalent to stating that the problem may be solved by mechanical application of mathematical steps, such as an algorithm. A problem is regarded as inherently difficult if its solution requires significant resources, whatever the algorithm used. The theory formalizes this intuition, by introducing mathematical models of computation to study these problems and quantifying the amount of resources needed to solve them, such as time and storage. Other complexity measures are also used, such as the amount of communication (used in communication complexity), the number of gates in a circuit (used in circuit complexity) and the number of processors (used in parallel computing). One of the roles of computational complexity theory is to determine the practical limits on what computers can and cannot do. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 3113 Audiopedia
Rastafarianism | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:28:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Rastafarianism Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s. Scholars of religion and related fields have classified it as both a new religious movement and a social movement. There is no centralized authority in control of the movement and much heterogeneity exists among practitioners, who are known as Rastafari, Rastafarians, or Rastas. Rastas refer to their beliefs, which are based on a specific interpretation of the Bible, as "Rastalogy". Central is a monotheistic belief in a single God—referred to as Jah—who partially resides within each individual. The former emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, is given central importance. Many Rastas regard him as an incarnation of Jah on Earth and as the Second Coming of Christ. Others regard him as a human prophet who fully recognized the inner divinity within every individual. Rastafari is Afrocentric and focuses its attention on the African diaspora, which it believes is oppressed within Western society, or "Babylon". Many Rastas call for the resettlement of the African diaspora in either Ethiopia or Africa more widely, referring to this continent as the Promised Land of "Zion". Other interpretations shift focus on to the adoption of an Afrocentric attitude while living outside of Africa. Rastas refer to their practices as "livity". Communal meetings are known as "groundations", and are typified by music, chanting, discussions, and the smoking of cannabis, the latter being regarded as a sacrament with beneficial properties. Rastas place emphasis on what they regard as living 'naturally', adhering to ital dietary requirements, twisting their hair into dreadlocks, and following patriarchal gender roles. Rastafari originated among impoverished and socially disenfranchised Afro-Jamaican communities in 1930s Jamaica. Its Afrocentric ideology was largely a reaction against Jamaica's then-dominant British colonial culture. It was influenced by both Ethiopianism and the Back-to-Africa movement promoted by black nationalist figures like Marcus Garvey. The movement developed after several Christian clergymen, most notably Leonard Howell, proclaimed that the crowning of Haile Selassie as Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930 fulfilled a Biblical prophecy. By the 1950s, Rastafari's counter-cultural stance had brought the movement into conflict with wider Jamaican society, including violent clashes with law enforcement. In the 1960s and 1970s it gained increased respectability within Jamaica and greater visibility abroad through the popularity of Rasta-inspired reggae musicians like Bob Marley. Enthusiasm for Rastafari declined in the 1980s, following the deaths of Haile Selassie and Marley, but the movement has survived and has a presence in many parts of the world. The Rasta movement is organised on a largely cellular basis. There are several denominations, or "Mansions of Rastafari", the most prominent of which are the Nyahbinghi, Bobo Ashanti, and the Twelve Tribes of Israel, each of which offers different interpretations of Rasta belief. There are an estimated 700,000 to 1 million Rastas across the world; the largest population is in Jamaica although communities can be found in most of the world's major population centres. The majority of practitioners are of black African descent, although a minority come from other racial groups.
Views: 33 wikipedia tts
Computational complexity theory | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computational_complexity_theory 00:01:56 1 Computational problems 00:02:06 1.1 Problem instances 00:03:39 1.2 Representing problem instances 00:04:37 1.3 Decision problems as formal languages 00:05:51 1.4 Function problems 00:06:38 1.5 Measuring the size of an instance 00:06:49 2 Machine models and complexity measures 00:08:16 2.1 Turing machine 00:08:27 2.2 Other machine models 00:10:55 2.3 Complexity measures 00:12:00 2.4 Best, worst and average case complexity 00:13:36 2.5 Upper and lower bounds on the complexity of problems 00:15:25 3 Complexity classes 00:16:48 3.1 Defining complexity classes 00:17:07 3.2 Important complexity classes 00:17:16 3.3 Hierarchy theorems 00:19:26 3.4 Reduction 00:19:57 4 Important open problems 00:20:45 4.1 P versus NP problem 00:23:26 4.2 Problems in NP not known to be in P or NP-complete 00:25:36 4.3 Separations between other complexity classes 00:26:17 5 Intractability 00:26:27 6 History 00:27:51 7 See also 00:31:00 8 References 00:32:39 8.1 Citations 00:32:42 8.2 Textbooks 00:35:44 8.3 Surveys Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Computational complexity theory focuses on classifying computational problems according to their inherent difficulty, and relating these classes to each other. A computational problem is a task solved by a computer. A computation problem is solvable by mechanical application of mathematical steps, such as an algorithm. A problem is regarded as inherently difficult if its solution requires significant resources, whatever the algorithm used. The theory formalizes this intuition, by introducing mathematical models of computation to study these problems and quantifying their computational complexity, i.e., the amount of resources needed to solve them, such as time and storage. Other measures of complexity are also used, such as the amount of communication (used in communication complexity), the number of gates in a circuit (used in circuit complexity) and the number of processors (used in parallel computing). One of the roles of computational complexity theory is to determine the practical limits on what computers can and cannot do. The P versus NP problem, one of the seven Millenium Prize Problems, is dedicated to the field of computational complexity.Closely related fields in theoretical computer science are analysis of algorithms and computability theory. A key distinction between analysis of algorithms and computational complexity theory is that the former is devoted to analyzing the amount of resources needed by a particular algorithm to solve a problem, whereas the latter asks a more general question about all possible algorithms that could be used to solve the same problem. More precisely, computational complexity theory tries to classify problems that can or cannot be solved with appropriately restricted resources. In turn, imposing restrictions on the available resources is what distinguishes computational complexity from computability theory: the latter theory asks what kind of problems can, in principle, be solved algorithmically.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Anarchism | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Anarchism 00:01:22 1 Etymology and terminology 00:03:10 2 History 00:03:19 2.1 Origins 00:08:54 2.2 First International and the Paris Commune 00:14:40 2.3 Organised labour 00:19:20 2.4 Propaganda of the deed and illegalism 00:23:01 2.5 Russian Revolution and other uprisings of the 1910s 00:26:55 2.6 Conflicts with European fascist regimes 00:28:38 2.7 Spanish Revolution 00:31:50 2.8 Post-war years 00:35:27 2.9 Contemporary anarchism 00:40:35 3 Anarchist schools of thought 00:42:25 3.1 Mutualism 00:44:12 3.2 Social anarchism 00:44:45 3.2.1 Collectivist anarchism 00:46:12 3.2.2 Anarcho-communism 00:48:36 3.2.3 Anarcho-syndicalism 00:50:16 3.3 Individualist anarchism 00:54:34 3.4 Post-classical anarchist schools of thought 01:01:29 4 Internal issues and debates 01:03:04 5 Topics of interest 01:03:23 5.1 Free love 01:07:47 5.2 Libertarian education and freethought 01:12:51 6 List of anarchist societies 01:13:43 7 Criticisms 01:14:02 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary, cooperative institutions, rejecting unjust hierarchy. These institutions are often described as stateless societies, although several authors have defined them more specifically as institutions based on non-hierarchical or free associations. Anarchism holds capitalism, the state, and representative democracy to be undesirable, unnecessary and harmful.While opposition to the state is central, anarchism specifically entails opposing authority or hierarchical organisation in the conduct of all human relations. Anarchism is usually considered a far-left ideology and much of anarchist economics and anarchist legal philosophy reflects anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism, mutualism, or participatory economics.Anarchism does not offer a fixed body of doctrine from a single particular world view, instead fluxing and flowing as a philosophy. Many types and traditions of anarchism exist, not all of which are mutually exclusive. Anarchist schools of thought can differ fundamentally, supporting anything from extreme individualism to complete collectivism. Strains of anarchism have often been divided into the categories of social and individualist anarchism or similar dual classifications.
Views: 9 Subhajit Sahu
List of computer scientists | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_computer_scientists 00:00:38 1 A 00:02:13 2 B 00:06:38 3 C 00:09:04 4 D 00:11:22 5 E 00:12:36 6 F 00:13:38 7 G 00:16:08 8 H 00:19:11 9 I 00:19:33 10 J 00:20:22 11 K 00:22:46 12 L 00:24:29 13 M 00:27:03 14 N 00:29:09 15 O 00:29:39 16 P 00:31:48 17 R 00:33:33 18 S 00:37:55 19 T 00:40:12 20 U 00:40:29 21 V 00:41:37 22 W 00:44:28 23 Y 00:44:50 24 Z Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9710496945879185 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= This is a list of computer scientists, people who do work in computer science, in particular researchers and authors. Some persons notable as programmers are included here because they work in research as well as program. A few of these people pre-date the invention of the digital computer; they are now regarded as computer scientists because their work can be seen as leading to the invention of the computer. Others are mathematicians whose work falls within what would now be called theoretical computer science, such as complexity theory and algorithmic information theory.
Views: 19 wikipedia tts