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Trench Warfare in World War 1 I THE GREAT WAR Special
 
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The prevalent conduct of war on the Western Front of the First World War is unmistakably trench warfare. The trenches with knee deep mud are a war theatre as well as home to the soldiers. But how does it look like inside a trench? How is it constructed? Indy took a look and explains why and how the trenches could be the base for a war between 1914 and 1918 and how life was inside a trench. But how did the Trench Warfare start?: http://bit.ly/11PqXLp Click here for the "Maconochi Stew Recipe": http://bit.ly/1r2vLtc » HOW CAN I SUPPORT YOUR CHANNEL? You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work.You can also support us financially on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thegreatwar Patreon is a platform for creators like us, that enables us to get monthly financial support from the community in exchange for cool perks. » MORE HISTORY? Check out our sister channel IT’S HISTORY: http://youtube.com/itshistory » WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION ABOUT WORLD WAR I AND WHERE ELSE CAN I FIND YOU? We’re offering background knowledge, news, a glimpse behind the scenes and much more on: reddit: http://bit.ly/TheGreatSubReddit Facebook: http://bit.ly/WW1FB Twitter: http://bit.ly/WW1Series Instagram: http://bit.ly/ZpMYPL » CAN I EMBED YOUR VIDEOS ON MY WEBSITE? Of course, you can embed our videos on your website. We are happy if you show our channel to your friends, fellow students, classmates, professors, teachers or neighbours. Or just share our videos on Facebook, Twitter, Reddit etc. We are also happy to get your feedback, criticism or ideas in the comments. If you have interesting historical questions, just post them and we will answer in our OUT OF THE TRENCHES videos. You can find a selection of answers to the most frequently asked questions here: http://bit.ly/OOtrenches » CAN I SHOW YOUR VIDEOS IN CLASS? Of course! Tell your teachers or professors about our channel and our videos. We’re happy if we can contribute with our videos. If you are a teacher and have questions about our show, you can get in contact with us on one of our social media presences. » WHAT ARE YOUR SOURCES? Videos: British Pathé Pictures: Mostly Picture Alliance Background Map: http://d-maps.com/carte.php?num_car=6030&lang=en Literature (excerpt): Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. A Complete History, Holt Paperbacks, 2004. Hart, Peter. The Great War. A Combat History of the First World War, Oxford University Press, 2013. Hart, Peter. The Great War. 1914-1918, Profile Books, 2013. Stone, Norman. World War One. A Short History, Penguin, 2008. Keegan, John. The First World War, Vintage, 2000. Hastings, Max. Catastrophe 1914. Europe Goes To War, Knopf, 2013. Hirschfeld, Gerhard. Enzyklopädie Erster Weltkrieg, Schöningh Paderborn, 2004 Michalka, Wolfgang. Der Erste Weltkrieg. Wirkung, Wahrnehmung, Analyse, Seehamer Verlag GmbH, 2000 Leonhard, Jörn. Die Büchse der Pandora: Geschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, C.H. Beck, 2014 If you want to buy some of the books we use or recommend during our show, check out our Amazon Store: http://bit.ly/AmazonTGW NOTE: This store uses affiliate links which grant us a commission if you buy a product there. » WHAT IS “THE GREAT WAR” PROJECT? THE GREAT WAR covers the events exactly 100 years ago: The story of World War I in realtime. Featuring: The unique archive material of British Pathé. Indy Neidell takes you on a journey into the past to show you what really happened and how it all could spiral into more than four years of dire war. Subscribe to our channel and don’t miss our new episodes every Thursday. » WHO IS REPLYING TO MY COMMENTS? AND WHO IS BEHIND THIS PROJECT? Most of the comments are written by our social media manager Florian. He is posting links, facts and backstage material on our social media channels. But from time to time, Indy reads and answers comments with his personal account, too. The Team responsible for THE GREAT WAR is even bigger: - CREDITS - Presented by: Indiana Neidell Written by: Indiana Neidell Director: David Voss Sound & DoP: Toni Steller Sound Design: Bojan Novic Editing: Toni Steller & Ole-Sten Haufe Research by: Indiana Neidell Fact checking: Latoya Wild & David Voss A Mediakraft Networks Original Channel Based on a concept by Spartacus Olsson Author: Indiana Neidell Visual Concept: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson Executive Producer: Astrid Deinhard-Olsson and Spartacus Olsson Producer: David Voss Social Media Manager: Florian Wittig Contains licenced Material by British Pathé All rights reserved - © Mediakraft Networks GmbH, 2014
Views: 1117283 The Great War
CALL OF DUTY: WW2 All Cutscenes (Game Movie) 1080p HD
 
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BUY CALL OF DUTY GAMES HERE: https://goo.gl/XFrhgL Everything Wrong With Call of Duty WW2 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_-jIuqs-_Q ► Instagram: http://instagram.com/glplaygr0und ► Twitter: https://twitter.com/GLPFeed ► Twitch: http://twitch.tv/glplayground ► Facebook: http://facebook.com/gLpLayground Call of Duty: WWII focuses on the actions of a 12-man squad of the American 1st Infantry Division from 1944 to 1945 in the European theater of conflict, at a time when the Allied forces were starting to gather strength on their march into Germany. The campaign will cover fighting in occupied France and Belgium, and across the Rhine river valley into the heart of Germany. Some of the iconic historical battles covered in the campaign are the Invasion of Normandy (D-Day), Liberation of Paris, Battle of Aachen, Battle of Hürtgen Forest and Battle of the Bulge. As always we used relevant gameplay, important dialogue and all cutscenes to create a fluid cinematic experience. We hope you enjoy! OUR GRAPHICS CARD: https://amzn.to/2DP7otI OUR CAPTURE CARD: https://amzn.to/2Sikjs0 OUR PROCESSOR: https://amzn.to/2DOfG57 OUR MONITOR: https://amzn.to/2DOpVGm OUR HEADSET: https://amzn.to/2SikB24 OUR MIC: https://amzn.to/2KKcokw DISCORD: https://discord.gg/jkwK432
World War II: The Panzer - Full Documentary
 
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Click here: http://geni.us/JansonMediaYT to subscribe to Janson Media and get notified for more videos! Janson Media uploads on the daily to stay tuned for more videos of your interest! ‘The Panzer’ the history of Germany’s legendary ‘Battle Tanks’ during the Second World War. With veterans of the ‘Panzertruppe’ this film documents with accuracy, the development and effects the various marks of Panzer through vivid recollections, depicts the experiences shared by crews, of going into battle in their steel chariots, knowing perfectly well that within one blazing moment, their tanks could become steel coffins. ▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽ 🎥Share this video through this link! https://youtu.be/MtVVWoLzwYk 🎥Subscribe Here! http://geni.us/JansonMediaYT ▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽▽▼▽ Enjoy our collection of videos that the entire family can enjoy here in Janson Media! With all the modern technology and mediums that surrounds us today, we believe that our stories will provide you and your friends as they'll keep looking for us as they will want to enjoy watching their favorite shows while learning and having fun! We at Janson Media wants to provide you with the entertainment and education that you need through the means of broadcast media and even online! We want to make sure that you are receiving the type of entertainment and learning experience that you’ll be needing! We always upload on the daily, to get regularly updated of our videos go on and SUBSCRIBE and click the NOTIFICATION BELL and never miss a video here in Janson Media! Janson Media features over 17,000 hours of exclusive content available for worldwide distribution! This includes standalone films and documentaries, full episode television shows of different genres such as animation, cartoons, drama, comedy, music and performances, lifestyle, current affairs, social issues, science and technology, health and wellness, nature & wildlife, travel, sports, adventure, history, pop culture and definitely more than all of that! Janson Media already has an extensive library and yet it continues to grow as it embarks onto digital platforms and apps welcoming a new generation of viewers through modern means! Over 29 years of experience in the global film, television, and video distribution business, building and nurturing a reputation for quality, and integrity. The company has licensed content to virtually every country in the world, and its clients include major video-on-demand platforms, broadcasters, and home-entertainment companies. Janson Media’s digital distribution reaches tens of millions of consumers around the world via its direct relationships with such major digital video platforms as Amazon, YouTube, Netflix, iTunes, Twitch, Hulu, Facebook, and others. Search for Related Keywords World War 2: A History of WWII World War 2: A History of World War 2 World War 2: The Panzer World War: The Panzer The Panzer Panzertruppe World War 2: Germany The Panzers The Panzertruppe World War 2: Panzertruppe German Tanks German Panzers World War 2: Full Documentary World War 2: Documentary German Tanks Documentary German Tanks Full Documentary History of World War 2 World War 2 History Documentary of World War 2 World War World War Documentary World War Full Documentary Janson Media Janson Janson Media Group ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ At Janson Media, we are always looking for quality, engaging content across a wide range of genres. If you want to be one of our Content Partners, let us hear from you! Submit your content here! https://www.janson.com/submit ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ There’s no better way to entertain and educate yourself through Janson Media! Subscribe and get notified for more videos!
Views: 316886 Janson Media
Gallipoli 1915 (Çanakkale 1915)- English Subtitle
 
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Çanakkale 1915 (English: Gallipoli 1915) is a 2012 Turkish historical drama film directed by Yesim Sezgin as screen-written by Turgut Özakman based upon his own 2008 novel Diriliş: Çanakkale 1915 Cast: Şevket Çoruh, Barış Çakmak, İlker Kızmaz
Views: 51687 Turkish Cinema
What if the British Empire Never Existed?
 
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Click here to get 10% discount off your DNA kit!: http://www.ancestry.com/althistory. The sun never set on the British Empire. But what if it never rose? What if the British didn’t conquer the land they did, particularly in North America. What would we see from this? Here is one scenario. Music by Holfix: https://www.youtube.com/user/holfix Twitter: https://twitter.com/AltHistoryHub Special thanks to AncestryDNA for sponsoring this video.
Views: 1008333 AlternateHistoryHub
Hunting the Bismarck - The Pride of Germany - Extra History - #1
 
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Sponsored by Wargaming! New players: Download World of Warships and use the code EXTRA1 for free goodies! http://cpm.wargaming.net/i3v7c6uu/?pub_id=2017_Video_1 During World War II, the Bismarck was the pride of the German navy - and the nightmare of Great Britain. It was enormous, overpowered, and a constant threat to the seas. So when they got word that the Bismarck had mobilized, the British raced to stop it. Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon (--More below) Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC Want to read more stories by Rob Rath? Check out his website: https://robwritespulp.com/ Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator ____________ Why doesn't this series use the Nazi swastika symbol? James explains: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LSjFUOA2oZM ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here: http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Get the outro music here: https://soundcloud.com/world-of-warships
Views: 2727020 Extra Credits
Restoration (2003) - Rescuing Heritage buildings in Britain. Dir. Simon Mansfield
 
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Episode Four of the UK television series dedicated to the preservation of rare and unusual buildings around the UK. This episode's candidates, all in the northeast of England, were Ravensworth Castle near Gateshead, Harperley WW2 prison camp near Durham and Wentworth Woodhouse Conservatory with Stainborough Castle folly near Barnsley. Other famous locations covered were Hadrian's Wall, Berwick-on-Tweed, Gormley's Angel of the North statue, Alnwick Castle and Dean Clough Mills, Halifax, with a brief nod to the Episode Three contenders, Banchory Sanatorium near Aberdeen, Kinloch Castle on Rhum, and Burra Croft on Shetland. Griff Rhys Jones presented the series. In this episode, contributions were made by the journalist Kate Adie, historian Michael Wood and gardener Rachel de Thame. This was an Endemol Production for the BBC, therefore not my work and only uploaded for your private edification and enjoyment. I rescued the programme from a remarkably well-preserved old VHS cassette. The sad postscript to this programme is that many of the buildings featured have yet to be secured. Following massive investments, the Wentworth Estate and (in 2013) its conservatory were eventually rescued but failed to operate profitably, resulting in its closure in 2017. Harperley Camp remains largely unrestored but for a very recent effort to restore the theatre building. Despite an ambitious revival project, Ravensworth remains in a ruinous state and on the English Heritage At Risk Register. Banchory Sanatorium was destroyed by fire in 2016. It has been the smaller and simpler buildings that have fared better; Burra Croft now operates as a small island museum. Kinloch Castle on the isolated Scottish Isle of Rhum was once criticised for its dull external design, yet it may well have been its simplicity that largely preserved its lavish interiors. It continues as a tourist attraction but currently requires significant investment following ownership transfer from Scottish National Heritage to a local Community Trust. Produced with CyberLink PowerDirector 12
12. French Imperialism (Guest Lecture by Charles Keith)
 
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France Since 1871 (HIST 276) France's colonial properties were thought of in the latter half of the nineteenth century as consolation for the bitter loss of Alsace and Lorraine to Germany. As civilian administrators came to replace military personnel in the colonies, and as more and more French settlers arrived, empire and colonialism came to play an important function in France's cultural self-presentation. World War I heralded the eventual decline of the French empire, a decline realized at the hands of the colonized subjects themselves. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Explosion of French Imperialism: Reasserting National Greatness after Alsace-Lorraine 07:18 - Chapter 2. The Drive for Empire: External Relief for Internal Instability 12:23 - Chapter 3. Rise of the Colonial Lobby 18:02 - Chapter 4. The Empire in Popular Culture 26:43 - Chapter 5. From Military to Administrative Occupation: Regularization in the Empire 36:06 - Chapter 6. Lives of the Conquered: The Indigenous Perspective and the Rise of Anti-Colonialism 40:35 - Chapter 7. The First World War and the Decline of French Empire Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2007.
Views: 49418 YaleCourses
Call of Duty FULL STORYLINE Explained! | Zombie Story Revealed Theory V4
 
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It is finally here ! This is the most up to date story line that is accepted by the community at large. Based off in game facts, radios, and treyarch's word we compiled it all into one short video for a complex story. We tried our best to shorten radios because we don't want to waist people's time, but this is meant for the person who has NO idea about call of duty zombies. This gives them all the information they need to know! This is the bare minimum to understand the story in zombies. It's meant to cover why everything is happening. That's what we aimed to do with this video. I made sure to close caption everything so be sure to use that feature! Finally we all understand that with black ops 3 this thoery will be broken down. This is a last wrap up before zombies comes out in a few months. Check out jordan's channel here: https://www.youtube.com/user/TheJFKGamer ►Get Posters and T-Shirts Here!! https://radcompany.squarespace.com ~Keep up with my social media below~ ►My other channel http://www.youtube.com/RADPLAYS ►Twitter- https://twitter.com/#!/RADAUSTIN27 ►Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RADAUSTINS27 ►Stream: http://www.twitch.tv/radaustin27 ►My sub-reddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/RADAUSTIN27/ ~The songs used in most of my videos (if applicable) Songs~ ►Outro: Ahrix - Raising - Copyright Free Music ►If monstercat music was used: Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/MonstercatMedia Song: ~Great Playlists on my Channel~ ►Easter Egg Series: http://tinyurl.com/na4qwyh ►Top 5 Countdowns: http://tinyurl.com/p4v8hry ►Let's Explore: http://tinyurl.com/opm9uu5&index=1 ►Zombie Theories: http://tinyurl.com/qzhscko
Views: 173279 RADAUSTIN27
Haitian Revolutions: Crash Course World History #30
 
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Ideas like liberty, freedom, and self-determination were hot stuff in the late 18th century, as evidenced by our recent revolutionary videos. Although freedom was breaking out all over, many of the societies that were touting these ideas relied on slave labor. Few places in the world relied so heavily on slave labor as Saint-Domingue, France's most profitable colony. Slaves made up nearly 90% of Saint-Domingue's population, and in 1789 they couldn't help but hear about the revolution underway in France. All the talk of liberty, equality, and fraternity sounds pretty good to a person in bondage, and so the slaves rebelled. This led to not one but two revolutions, and ended up with France, the rebels, Britain, and Spain all fighting in the territory. Spoiler alert: the slaves won. So how did the slaves of what would become Haiti throw off the yoke of one of the world's great empires? John Green tells how they did it, and what it has meant in Haiti and in the rest of the world. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 2388137 CrashCourse
Battle of Vimy Ridge 100th anniversary commemoration
 
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A CBC News special hosted by Peter Mansbridge. Follow Vimy Ridge as it happened: http://newsinteractives.cbc.ca/live-blog/vimy-ridge »»» Subscribe to CBC News to watch more videos: http://bit.ly/1RreYWS Connect with CBC News Online: For breaking news, video, audio and in-depth coverage: http://bit.ly/1Z0m6iX Find CBC News on Facebook: http://bit.ly/1WjG36m Follow CBC News on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1sA5P9H For breaking news on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1WjDyks Follow CBC News on Instagram: http://bit.ly/1Z0iE7O Download the CBC News app for iOS: http://apple.co/25mpsUz Download the CBC News app for Android: http://bit.ly/1XxuozZ »»»»»»»»»»»»»»»»»» For more than 75 years, CBC News has been the source Canadians turn to, to keep them informed about their communities, their country and their world. Through regional and national programming on multiple platforms, including CBC Television, CBC News Network, CBC Radio, CBCNews.ca, mobile and on-demand, CBC News and its internationally recognized team of award-winning journalists deliver the breaking stories, the issues, the analyses and the personalities that matter to Canadians.
Views: 32725 CBC News
John Dziak: Old Lesson for New Wars: Counterintelligence at the Roots of Provocation and Terror
 
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Dr. Dziak is co-founder and President of Dziak Group, a consulting firm in the fields of intelligence, counterintelligence, and technology transfer. He is a Distinguished Fellow in Intelligence Studies at the American Foreign Policy Council and also is a Senior Fellow at the International Assessment Strategy Center. #Spying #Espionage #Spies
Views: 3406 WestminsterInstitute
Beaumont Hamel 100 Remembrance: Full Program
 
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CBCNL's live coverage of the Beaumont Hamel centenary hosted by Anthony Germain, Heather Hiscox and Debbie Cooper. The July 1st, 2016 program honoured members of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment who served in World War One with her Royal Highness Princess Anne Colonel in Chief of the Regiment. »»» Subscribe to CBC NL to watch more videos: https://www.youtube.com/c/cbcnl?sub_confirmation=1 For your daily CBC NL news fix: https://www.cbc.ca/nl CBC NL on Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/cbcnl CBC NL on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cbcnl/ CBC NL is now on YouTube. Join us for news, live events, commentary, daily weather, comedy, music, more. Connect with us about what you'd like to see here.
Vimy Resources - Uranium, cartels, fatigue, $75, frustration, converts, equities v spot
 
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This is the re-uploaded Vimy Resources interview with improved audio. Mike Young, CEO. (ASX: VMY) Vimy Resources, CEO says he feels in control because of what the Utilities told him. Find out what they said to him in this interview. He talks about his view on what Section.232 will do for the contract market and his views on US energy security and Russia. Plus what Cameco is going to do about Energy Fuels and UR Energy. And so much more insight and honest opinion. One of the best yet. Company page: https://www.vimyresources.com.au Make smarter investment decisions, subscribe here: https://www.cruxinvestor.com For FREE unbiased investment information, follow us on Twitter and Linkedin: https://twitter.com/cruxinvestor https://www.linkedin.com/company/crux-investor/ Take advantage, hear it here first: https://www.youtube.com/CRUXinvestor
Views: 285 CRUX Investor
ch 01) Columbus, The Indians, and Human Progress
 
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chapters 1-5 Columbus to independence A People's History (Of The United States) Howard Zinn. ~ Chapter 1, "Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress" covers early Native American civilization in North America and the Bahamas, the genocide and enslavement committed by the crew of Christopher Columbus, and incidents of violent colonization by early settlers. Topics include the Arawaks, Bartolomé de las Casas, the Aztecs, Hernán Cortés, Pizarro, Powhatan, the Pequot, the Narragansett, Metacom, King Philip's War, and the Iroquois.
Views: 70812 andi burridge
History: UKRAINE
 
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Crimea: Cossacks helped Russia get Crimea from Turkey 39:43 Donbas (Eastern Ukraine) 56:55 Crimea turned over to Ukraine 2:16:28 Russia 12:46 / 31:16 UKRAINE - THE BIRTH OF A NATION (2008) / A Jerzy Hoffman Film 1:34 Kyiv (401 - 500) 2:16 Byzantium (330–1453) 2:45 Princess Olga (890 - 969) adopted Christianity 3:28 Chersonesus in Crimea 4:06 Volodymyr the Great (958 - 1015) 4:29 Prince Yaroslav the Wise (978 - 1054) 4:39 Saint Sophia's Cathedral (1100) 5:31 Anna the Queen of France (1030 – 1075) 6:41 Volodymyr II Monomakh (1053-1125) 7:20 Yuri Dolgorukiy (1099 - 1157) 7:26 Moscow 7:37 The Mongols 10:16 The Principality of Galicia–Volhynia or Kingdom of Rus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1yV5hNTQ6IU 10:49 Lviv 12:37 Ivan III of Russia (1440-1505) 12:46 The myth about Russia 13:07 Crimea https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1xFdzuZhBM 13:53 Roxolana (1502 – 1558) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UOtamB4m95o&t=81s 15:20 serfdom (Polish oppression) 15:40 printing press 17:14 Zaporizhian Sich 18:33 Ukraine replaces the name Rus 18:40 cossack 20:15 Brest Union 20:18 The uniates 21:08 Hetman Sagaidachny (1570 - 1622) 23:05 Orthodoxy 23:28 Yarema Vyshnevetsky (1612 – 1651) 23:31 Catholicism 24:54 Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1595 – 1657) 30:04 The Pereyaslav Council -------------------------------------------------1654 34:39 Ivan Mazepa (1639 - 1709) 37:06 The Battle of Poltava on 27 June 1709 40:11 Zaporizhian Sich (1552-1709) 40:27 Solovki French Revolution--------------------------------------------------------------------- 1789 47:03 Dumy - historical ballads 48:18 Greek Catholic Church banned 48:49 Kyiv University (1833) 49:48 The Order of Basilian Fathers 50:55 Taras Shevchenko (1814 - 1861) (age 47) 54:57 Blue and yellow banner 55:45 The Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood 56:32 national liberation movement 56:55 Crimean War ----------------------------------------------------- 1853 to 1856 57:07 Alexander II (1818 - 1881) abolished serfdom 57:26 city of Donetsk (1868) 58:56 "Green wedge" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hECJ3qgHZrw 59:23 Volodymyr Antonovych (1834 - 1908) 59:28 Mykhailo Drahomanov (1841-1895 ) 1:00:42 Lesya Ukrainka (1871 - 1913) (aged 42) 1:02:13 The Shevchenko Scientific Society (1873 ) 1:11:03 Mykhailo Hrushevsky 1:03:27 Ivan Franko (1856 - 1916) 1:04:22 "History of Ukraine-Ruthenia" 1:04:49 Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky (1865 - 1944) 1:45:42 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KeA2cGo6Y0 1:06:31 World War I------------------------------------------------------------------1914 1:07:32 Dmitro Dontsov (1883 - 1973) 1:07:57 (1914) Russian occupation 1:11:24 Symon Petliura 1:11:24 West Ukrainian People's Republic 1:19:27 Ukrainian Galician Army 1:23:30 Nestor Makhno 1:30:48 The Russian famine ----------------------------------------------------1921 1:41:21 Ukr National Democratic Alliance, (UNDO) 1:42:20 Ukr Sich Riflemen 1:42:43 (UVO) Ukr Military Organization 1:42:51 Yevhen Konovalets 1:43:10 Dmytro Dontsov 1:44:01 The Organization of Ukr Nationalists (OUN) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QtHsxIUAIaI 1:44:52 (1933) Stepan Bandera head of OUN https://youtu.be/ToiXSo6fCWI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M1kOprGoA7U&t=2245s 1:47:07 Avgustyn Voloshyn 1:47:33 Melnyk's and Bandera's https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EVi91LgAAeI 1:39:06 collectivization (1939) 1:38:55 *** 𝐌𝐈𝐒𝐒𝐈𝐍𝐆 𝐏𝐀𝐑𝐓: https://youtu.be/s8AASWZvHe0?t=11m29s !!! 𝐮𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐥 1:39:33 World War II ----------------------------------------------------------------(1939 - 1945) 1:51:24 The Nachtigall Battalion (Nightingale) 1:51:43 Independent Ukr State 1:44:50 Stepan Bandera (1909 – 1959) -----------------------------------1933 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jvs_Co3Hi-0 Between Hitler & Stalin: Ukraine in World War II https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fx05VezU2UI&index=11&list=FL99mdFIyIske2tVF98ycmvg Wehrmacht Saves Innocent Civilians In Ukraine 1941 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HWvvOAzJBxY&feature=youtu.be 1:53:42 Babi Yar 1:55:40 partisan warfare 1:44:01 Organization of Ukr Nationalists (OUN) 1:57:42 Roman Shukhevych https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NENah9oEiek 1:58:37 Volyn 1:58:57 UPA - Ukrainian Insurgent Army 2:00:04 ethnic cleansing (1943) 2:02:32 SS Galicia Division 2:02:33 Banderavists (Bandera) split of OUN (former UVO) 1:47:26 2:02:25 Melnykovites (Melnyk) 2:02:57 SS Galicia crushed by the Red Army 2:04:51 Nikita Khrushchev 2:05:21 Joseph Stalin 1:39:56 RUSYN replaced the term Ukrainian 2:06:14 Gulag 2:06:31 Yalta 2:10:30 Operation Vistula (Polish: Akcja "Wisła") https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Vistula 2:12:00 The Greek Catholic Church abolishment 2:12:21 Josyf Slipyj (1893 - 1984) 1:49:25 annexation of the Western Ukraine 2:16:33 turning Crimea over to Ukraine 2:18:25 Thaw (early 1950s to the early 1960s) 2:30:09 (April 26 1986) - Chornobyl disaster 2:35:30 Rukh - Movement 2:37:29 (1991) Declaration of Sovereignty of Ukraine 1:13:48 The Ukr People's Republic of 1918 - 1920 2:50:29 The Orange Revolution (2004)
Views: 41425 kasia prada
History of U.S Foreign Policy in the Middle East | Roy Casagranda on Iraq & Iran
 
01:49:58
Roy Casagranda joins us today to discuss U.S foreign policy in the Middle East from 1953 - 2003 in this Middle East Podcast. U.S foreign policy in the Middle East is a very perplexing subject. The hardest thing to do when picking a place to start in a Middle East Podcast is that there is no correct point. U.S foreign policy in the Mid East technically starts back in the 1700s with the Barbary Pirates, however, on today’s Middle East Podcast we give a brief summary of British Oil interest in Iran and jump into when U.S foreign policy in the Mid East really begins. Right after WW2 Middle East, foreign policy was resolved around stopping the soviet union and oil interest. Roy Casagranda shares his knowledge on the Eisenhower Doctrine and how U.S foreign policy in the Middle East after the war was to remove the British and the French from the Middle East. The goal was to replace them. We talk about the U.S coup over the Iranian democracy and went into how the U.S and British installed the Shah of Iran in this Middle East Podcast. We then jump into how Middle East foreign policy started the Iranian Revolution and what eventually led to the Iran-Iraq War. We then jump into U.S foreign policy in the Mid East after the Iran-Iraq war. In this Middle East Podcast, we start talking about what eventually led to the Operation Desert Storm. And from there we start talking about the sanctions in Iraq. This is one of the best Middle East Podcast out there, so make sure you subscribe for more. Roy Casagranda was a terrific guest. His knowledge of Middle East foreign policy always makes for a discussion and Middle East history Podcast. Please check out Roy Casagranda at the Austin School page. He does incredible lectures on U.S foreign policy in the middle east. Roy Casagranda is a political scientist, professor of government and resident Middle East foreign policy expert at Austin Community College (ACC). His research lies with the intersection of politics, history, economics, psychology, and philosophy. He’ has been a college professor since 2002 and has been giving monthly lectures since 2006 on Middle East foreign policy. He regularly gives lectures on U.S foreign policy in the Middle East at the Austin School. Roy is the faculty advisor for the Austin School, a student club that hosts a lecture series political thought and Middle East Foreign policy. Roy's Book: The Blood Throne of Caria https://www.amazon.com/Blood-Throne-Caria-Empire-Nightingale-ebook/dp/B07GV4LR55/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1544917142&sr=8-1&keywords=The+Blood+Throne+of+Caria Roys Website: https://www.sekhmetliminal.com About Bro History ******************** Bro History is a history podcast that explores history, geopolitics, and culture. Every week you’ll receive multiple hours of discussion that is funny and insightful. Guest range from best selling authors, to historians, to journalists. We tend to concentrate on the U.S foreign policy in the Middle East, so make sure you check out this Middle East podcast. We are one of the fasted growing history podcast on iTunes right now and we're expanding to YouTube so make sure you subscribe. ---------------------------------- Platforms *********** 🎧 Bro History on iTunes & Apple Podcast https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/bro-history/id1433981364?mt=2 🎧 Bro History on Spotify https://open.spotify.com/show/7aWhV3Y3EZAYlkio6yGnIR?si=qYM7NVKfSjutZ9f6xAEyLQ 🎧 Bro History on Stitcher Radio https://www.stitcher.com/podcast/henrybrohistorycom/bro-history 🎧 Bro History on Google Podcast ---------------------------------------------- Social Media *************** YouTube: Bro History https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8ma9I6yJZmp5j1-wn585HQ?view_as=subscriber Facebook: @BroHistoryPodcast https://www.facebook.com/BroHistoryPodcast Instagram: @BroHistoryPodcast https://www.instagram.com/brohistorypodcast
Views: 697 Bro History
Senate Passes Bill Tightening State Government, Honoring Veterans
 
03:33:28
A bill allocating $876 million dollars for administrative agencies, state IT services, the Minnesota Historical Society and the Minnesota Humanities Center won Senate approval Thursday, April 25. Co-sponsored by Senator Mary Kiffmeyer, R-Big Lake, and Senator Bruce Anderson, R-Buffalo Township, it also provides $209 million dollars for veterans. According to Kiffmeyer, the bill attempts several reforms to state budgeting and information technology while beefing up cyber security efforts. Among the many provisions, the bill imposes a freeze on full-time employee positions and requires agencies to implement zero-based budgeting. It appropriates $20.5 million dollars for cybersecurity efforts and another $13 million dollars for election equipment. In the area of veterans services, the measure allocates funds for the C.O.R.E. program, which offers counseling and education services for veterans and their families. It also authorizes about $32 million dollars for veteran homes in Preston, Montevideo and Bemidji. Finally, the bill designates a POW and MIA Recognition Day; an American Allies Day and a Veterans Suicide Awareness Day. In an emotional debate, the Senate adopted an amendment offered by Senator Foung Hawj, DFL-St. Paul, declaring May 14 as Hmong Special Guerilla Units Memorial Day. St. Paul is home to the largest Hmong residents in the nation, and many immigrated following the Vietnam war, where many fought in the American Secret War in Laos.
APOCALYPSE - STALIN
 
02:33:35
APOCALYPSE - STALIN
Views: 8597 BLACK DRAGON
Noz (Knife) Serbian antiwar movie with english subtitles
 
02:10:21
Noz domaći film 1999. Nisam mogao da nadjem ovaj film sa Engleskim prevodom, a znam da bi znacilo da ga imamo da mozemo podeliti sa drugima kada nas pitaju sto su izbijala sva ona sranja po drzavi. Knife is a Yugoslav film by Miroslav Lekic recorded in 1999. The script was written by Miroslav Lekic, Slobodan Stojanović Igor Bojovic and based on the novel by Vuk Draskovic. In the lead roles are Zarko Lausevic and Bojana Maljević. The film highlights the absurdity of ethnic divisions and ethnic disputes condemning the violence. This is an epic story, where the fate of the characters is linked with the fate of the nation and talks of the evil that is repeated like a curse through the centuries. In search of his roots, the main hero of the film reveals something much deeper and more subtle than his own past. Through the search for its own identity he dives into the closed circle of evil. The film is a romantic thriller with elements of epic, and hero's love is crucial potential that shows us that above all the sense of evil there is a deeper and more powerful feeling. The main thread of the film follows the life of Elijah Jugovića / Alija Osmanovic, while secondary story follows events from the life of Atif-aga Tanovic. Events begin at a village near Gacko during World War II. Jugović family (Orthodox) and Osmanović family (Muslims) are neighbors and godfathers to each other, fighting over the border between their properties. Hodza Vehbija is aware that Osmanovićs come from Jugovics, but on his insistence Osmanovićs, on Orthodox Christmas 1942., armed raid the home of Jugovic. There they commit horrific slaughter of entire familiy that had gathered to celebrate their holiday, but spare small Ilija, unbaptized newborn baby. They carry him to their village (Osmanovic) and give it Rabija, whose husband died that night in a raid on Jugovic. Their intention is to raise Ilija and make him a Muslim will to hate and kill Serbs. However, in the autumn Chetniks (Serbian paramilitary) raid Osmanovics and massacre the Muslims, but Rabija manages to hide in the attic of the house with young Ilija, and the Chetniks take away her real son, believing that this is a Serbian child that are Osmanovići took from Jugovic. Little Ilija survives the war and grows up as Alija Osmanovic with his adoptive mother Rabija, believing she was his real mother, and that the Chetniks took his brother. Alija later moved to Sarajevo to study, but the fate of his unborn brother catches up and he decides to find him. During one visit to Osmanovic village heaccidentally meets rural Khoja, a mysterious man known as "Sikter" Effendi. Since it Alija, ie. Ilija learns the terrible truth about his origins and the truth begins to be revealed.
Views: 33665 Steven Debro
1911 Revolution Full Movie (English and Indo Subtitle)
 
02:01:02
The Movie About Chinese Revolution in 1911-1912.
Views: 270160 Agustinus Pieter
Priests - JJ [OFFICIAL VIDEO]
 
03:03
From the album "Nothing Feels Natural" , out January 27 2017 on Sister Polygon Records. sisterpolygonrecords.bigcartel.com Directed + edited by Katie Alice Greer Camera by Jonah Takagi
Views: 1164400 sister polygon
Suspense: A Friend to Alexander / The Fountain Plays / Sorry, Wrong Number 2
 
01:29:40
The program's heyday was in the early 1950s, when radio actor, producer and director Elliott Lewis took over (still during the Wilcox/Autolite run). Here the material reached new levels of sophistication. The writing was taut, and the casting, which had always been a strong point of the series (featuring such film stars as Orson Welles, Joseph Cotten, Henry Fonda, Humphrey Bogart, Judy Garland, Ronald Colman, Marlene Dietrich, Eve McVeagh, Lena Horne, and Cary Grant), took an unexpected turn when Lewis expanded the repertory to include many of radio's famous drama and comedy stars — often playing against type — such as Jack Benny. Jim and Marian Jordan of Fibber McGee and Molly were heard in the episode, "Backseat Driver," which originally aired February 3, 1949. The highest production values enhanced Suspense, and many of the shows retain their power to grip and entertain. At the time he took over Suspense, Lewis was familiar to radio fans for playing Frankie Remley, the wastrel guitar-playing sidekick to Phil Harris in The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show. On the May 10, 1951 Suspense, Lewis reversed the roles with "Death on My Hands": A bandleader (Harris) is horrified when an autograph-seeking fan accidentally shoots herself and dies in his hotel room, and a vocalist (Faye) tries to help him as the townfolk call for vigilante justice against him. With the rise of television and the departures of Lewis and Autolite, subsequent producers (Antony Ellis, William N. Robson and others) struggled to maintain the series despite shrinking budgets, the availability of fewer name actors, and listenership decline. To save money, the program frequently used scripts first broadcast by another noteworthy CBS anthology, Escape. In addition to these tales of exotic adventure, Suspense expanded its repertoire to include more science fiction and supernatural content. By the end of its run, the series was remaking scripts from the long-canceled program The Mysterious Traveler. A time travel tale like Robert Arthur's "The Man Who Went Back to Save Lincoln" or a thriller about a death ray-wielding mad scientist would alternate with more run-of-the-mill crime dramas. The final broadcasts of Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar and Suspense, ending at 7:00 pm Eastern Time on September 30, 1962, are often cited as the end of the Golden Age of Radio. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suspense_%28radio_drama%29
Views: 23095 Remember This
Secret War in Laos Documentary Film: Laotian Civil War and U.S. Government Involvement
 
24:21
The Laotian Civil War (1953--75) was a fight between the Communist Pathet Lao (including many North Vietnamese of Lao ancestry, and the Royal Lao Government in which both the political rightists and leftists received heavy external support for a proxy war from the global Cold War superpowers. Among United States Central Intelligence Agency Special Activities Division US and Hmong veterans of the conflict, it is known as the Secret War.[8] The Kingdom of Laos was a covert theatre for battle for the other belligerents during the Vietnam War. The Franco--Lao Treaty of Amity and Association signed 22 October 1953, transferred remaining French powers -- except control of military affairs -- to the Royal Lao Government -- which did not include any representatives from the Lao Issara anti-colonial armed nationalist movement[9] — and otherwise establishing Laos as an independent member of the French Union.[10] The following years were marked by a rivalry between the neutralists under Prince Souvanna Phouma, the right wing under Prince Boun Oum of Champassak, and the left-wing Lao Patriotic Front under Prince Souphanouvong and future Prime Minister Kaysone Phomvihane. A number of attempts were made to establish coalition governments, and a "tri-coalition" government was finally seated in Vientiane. The fighting in Laos involved the North Vietnamese Army, American, Thai, and South Vietnamese forces directly and through irregular proxies in a battle for control over the Laotian Panhandle. The North Vietnamese Army occupied the area for use as the Ho Chi Minh Trail supply corridor and staging area for offensives into South Vietnam. There was a second major theatre of action on and near the northern Plaine des Jarres. The North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao emerged victorious in 1975, as part of the general communist victory in Indochina that year. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laotian_Civil_War
Views: 409168 The Film Archives
There's No Tomorrow (Não haverá amanhã)
 
34:52
Enviado por incubatepictures em 11/02/2012 A primeira produção de http://www.incubatepictures.com: Documentário animado sobre o esgotamento dos recursos naturais e da impossibilidade de crescimento infinito num planeta finito. Fórum: http://www.hubberts-arms.org/index.php The first production by http://www.incubatepictures.com: Animated documentary about resource depletion & the impossibility of infinite growth on a finite planet. Forum: http://www.hubberts-arms.org/index.php
Words at War: The Veteran Comes Back / One Man Air Force / Journey Through Chaos
 
01:29:31
Major Dominic Salvatore "Don" Gentile (December 6, 1920 - January 28, 1951) was a World War II USAAF pilot who was the first to break Eddie Rickenbacker's World War I record of 26 downed aircraft. Gentile was born in Piqua, Ohio.[2] After a fascination with flying as a child, his father provided him with his own plane, an Aerosport Biplane. He managed to log over 300 hours flying time by July 1941, when he attempted to join the Army Air Force. The U.S. military required two years of college for its pilots, which Gentile did not have, therefore Gentile originally enlisted in the Royal Canadian Air Force and was posted to the UK in 1941. Gentile flew the Supermarine Spitfire Mark V with No. 133 Squadron, one of the famed "Eagle Squadron" during 1942. His first kills (a Ju 88 and Fw 190) were on August 1, 1942,[3] during Operation Jubilee.[4] In September 1942, the Eagle squadrons transferred to the USAAF, becoming the 4th Fighter Group. Gentile became a flight commander in September 1943, now flying the P-47 Thunderbolt. Having been Spitfire pilots, Gentile and the other pilots of the 4th were displeased when they transitioned to the heavy P-47. By late 1943 Group Commander Col. Don Blakeslee pushed for re-equipment with the lighter, more maneuverable, P-51 Mustang. Conversion to the P-51B at the end of February 1944 allowed Gentile to build a tally of 15.5 additional aircraft destroyed between March 3 and April 8, 1944.[5] After downing 3 planes on April 8,[6] he was the top scoring 8th Air Force ace when he crashed his personal P-51, named "Shangri La", on April 13, 1944 while stunting over the 4th FG's airfield at Debden for a group of assembled press reporters and movie cameras. Blakeslee immediately grounded Gentile as a result, and he was sent back to the US for a tour selling War Bonds. In 1944, Gentile wrote One Man Air Force an autobiography and account of his combat missions with well-known war correspondent, Ira Wolfert. His final tally of credits was 19.83 aerial victories and 3 damaged,[5] with 6 ground kills, in 350 combat hours flown. He also claimed two victories while with the RAF. After the war, he stayed with the Air Force, as a test pilot at Wright Field, as a Training Officer in the Fighter Gunnery Program, and as a student officer at the Air Tactical School. In June 1949, Gentile enrolled as an undergraduate studying military science at the University of Maryland. On January 28, 1951, he was killed when he crashed in a T-33A-1-LO Shooting Star trainer, 49-905, in Forestville, Maryland, leaving behind his wife Isabella Masdea Gentile Beitman (deceased October 2008), and sons Don Jr., Joseph and Pasquale. Gentile Air Force Station in Kettering, Ohio was named in his honor in 1962. The installation closed in 1996. Winston Churchill called Gentile and his wingman, Captain John T. Godfrey, Damon and Pythias, after the legendary characters from Greek mythology. He was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1995.[7] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_S._Gentile
Views: 118100 Remember This
The Adventures of Captain Fathom Cartoon 1965 (3 Color Episodes)
 
01:06:17
The adventures of Captain Fathom and his submarine, the ARGONAUT. His crew-members are Cookie, Ronnie, Scotty, Miss Perkins and Flip the porpoise (sounds familiar). Like Cambria's earlier series, Space Angel and Clutch Cargo, this was filmed in their innovative SYCHRO-VOX process combining real mouths with animated pictures. Classic Cartoons-Original version Welcome to Canal59 where I propose films, documents, archives, cartoons, music and many others in original versions ... Bienvenue sur Canal59 ou je propose des films, documents, Archives, Dessins Animés, Musiques et bien d'autres en versions originales...
Views: 143 Canal59
2DEGREESENG
 
01:22:03
Views: 27 Collapse Collide
The Battle of The Somme commemoration from the Cathedral Church of St Nicholas in Newcastle.
 
14:55
The Battle of The Somme commemoration from the Cathedral Church of St Nicholas in Newcastle.
Views: 103 NewcastleCCUK
Submarine
 
01:07:26
A submarine is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. The term most commonly refers to a large, crewed, autonomous vessel. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated vehicles and robots, as well as medium-sized or smaller vessels, such as the midget submarine and the wet sub. Used as an adjective in phrases such as submarine cable, "submarine" means "under the sea". The noun submarine evolved as a shortened form of submarine boat (and is often further shortened to sub). For reasons of naval tradition, submarines are usually referred to as "boats" rather than as "ships", regardless of their size. Although experimental submarines had been built before, submarine design took off during the 19th century, and they were adopted by several navies. Submarines were first widely used during World War I (1914–1918), and now figure in many navies large and small. Military usage includes attacking enemy surface ships (merchant and military), submarines, aircraft carrier protection, blockade running, ballistic missile submarines as part of a nuclear strike force, reconnaissance, conventional land attack (for example using a cruise missile), and covert insertion of special forces. Civilian uses for submarines include marine science, salvage, exploration and facility inspection/maintenance. Submarines can also be modified to perform more specialized functions such as search-and-rescue missions or undersea cable repair. Submarines are also used in tourism, and for undersea archaeology. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 247 Audiopedia
North African Campaign
 
25:05
During the Second World War, the North African Campaign took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943. It included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts (Western Desert Campaign, also known as the Desert War) and in Morocco and Algeria (Operation Torch) and Tunisia (Tunisia Campaign). The campaign was fought between the Allies and Axis powers, many of whom had colonial interests in Africa dating from the late 19th century. The Allied war effort was dominated by the British Commonwealth and exiles from German-occupied Europe. The United States entered the war in 1941 and began direct military assistance in North Africa on 11 May 1942. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 166 Audiopedia
The Vietnam War: Reasons for Failure - Why the U.S. Lost
 
01:45:58
In the post-war era, Americans struggled to absorb the lessons of the military intervention. About the book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0871137992/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0871137992&linkCode=as2&tag=tra0c7-20&linkId=d1bb53399f448906b40e7c954de052ac As General Maxwell Taylor, one of the principal architects of the war, noted, "First, we didn't know ourselves. We thought that we were going into another Korean War, but this was a different country. Secondly, we didn't know our South Vietnamese allies... And we knew less about North Vietnam. Who was Ho Chi Minh? Nobody really knew. So, until we know the enemy and know our allies and know ourselves, we'd better keep out of this kind of dirty business. It's very dangerous." Some have suggested that "the responsibility for the ultimate failure of this policy [America's withdrawal from Vietnam] lies not with the men who fought, but with those in Congress..." Alternatively, the official history of the United States Army noted that "tactics have often seemed to exist apart from larger issues, strategies, and objectives. Yet in Vietnam the Army experienced tactical success and strategic failure... The...Vietnam War...legacy may be the lesson that unique historical, political, cultural, and social factors always impinge on the military...Success rests not only on military progress but on correctly analyzing the nature of the particular conflict, understanding the enemy's strategy, and assessing the strengths and weaknesses of allies. A new humility and a new sophistication may form the best parts of a complex heritage left to the Army by the long, bitter war in Vietnam." U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger wrote in a secret memo to President Gerald Ford that "in terms of military tactics, we cannot help draw the conclusion that our armed forces are not suited to this kind of war. Even the Special Forces who had been designed for it could not prevail." Even Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara concluded that "the achievement of a military victory by U.S. forces in Vietnam was indeed a dangerous illusion." Doubts surfaced as to the effectiveness of large-scale, sustained bombing. As Army Chief of Staff Harold Keith Johnson noted, "if anything came out of Vietnam, it was that air power couldn't do the job." Even General William Westmoreland admitted that the bombing had been ineffective. As he remarked, "I still doubt that the North Vietnamese would have relented." The inability to bomb Hanoi to the bargaining table also illustrated another U.S. miscalculation. The North's leadership was composed of hardened communists who had been fighting for independence for thirty years. They had defeated the French, and their tenacity as both nationalists and communists was formidable. Ho Chi Minh is quoted as saying, "You can kill ten of my men for every one I kill of yours...But even at these odds you will lose and I will win." The Vietnam War called into question the U.S. Army doctrine. Marine Corps General Victor H. Krulak heavily criticised Westmoreland's attrition strategy, calling it "wasteful of American lives... with small likelihood of a successful outcome." In addition, doubts surfaced about the ability of the military to train foreign forces. Between 1965 and 1975, the United States spent $111 billion on the war ($686 billion in FY2008 dollars). This resulted in a large federal budget deficit. More than 3 million Americans served in the Vietnam War, some 1.5 million of whom actually saw combat in Vietnam. James E. Westheider wrote that "At the height of American involvement in 1968, for example, there were 543,000 American military personnel in Vietnam, but only 80,000 were considered combat troops." Conscription in the United States had been controlled by the President since World War II, but ended in 1973." By war's end, 58,220 American soldiers had been killed, more than 150,000 had been wounded, and at least 21,000 had been permanently disabled. According to Dale Kueter, "Sixty-one percent of those killed were age 21 or younger. Of those killed in combat, 86.3 percent were white, 12.5 percent were black and the remainder from other races." The youngest American KIA in the war was PFC Dan Bullock, who had falsified his birth certificate and enlisted in the US Marines at age 14 and who was killed in combat at age 15. Approximately 830,000 Vietnam veterans suffered symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. An estimated 125,000 Americans fled to Canada to avoid the Vietnam draft, and approximately 50,000 American servicemen deserted. In 1977, United States President Jimmy Carter granted a full, complete and unconditional pardon to all Vietnam-era draft dodgers. The Vietnam War POW/MIA issue, concerning the fate of U.S. service personnel listed as missing in action, persisted for many years after the war's conclusion. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War
Views: 4041474 The Film Archives
Suspense: Stand-In / Dead of Night / Phobia
 
01:27:27
The program's heyday was in the early 1950s, when radio actor, producer and director Elliott Lewis took over (still during the Wilcox/Autolite run). Here the material reached new levels of sophistication. The writing was taut, and the casting, which had always been a strong point of the series (featuring such film stars as Orson Welles, Joseph Cotten, Henry Fonda, Humphrey Bogart, Judy Garland, Ronald Colman, Marlene Dietrich, Eve McVeagh, Lena Horne, and Cary Grant), took an unexpected turn when Lewis expanded the repertory to include many of radio's famous drama and comedy stars — often playing against type — such as Jack Benny. Jim and Marian Jordan of Fibber McGee and Molly were heard in the episode, "Backseat Driver," which originally aired February 3, 1949. The highest production values enhanced Suspense, and many of the shows retain their power to grip and entertain. At the time he took over Suspense, Lewis was familiar to radio fans for playing Frankie Remley, the wastrel guitar-playing sidekick to Phil Harris in The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show. On the May 10, 1951 Suspense, Lewis reversed the roles with "Death on My Hands": A bandleader (Harris) is horrified when an autograph-seeking fan accidentally shoots herself and dies in his hotel room, and a vocalist (Faye) tries to help him as the townfolk call for vigilante justice against him. With the rise of television and the departures of Lewis and Autolite, subsequent producers (Antony Ellis, William N. Robson and others) struggled to maintain the series despite shrinking budgets, the availability of fewer name actors, and listenership decline. To save money, the program frequently used scripts first broadcast by another noteworthy CBS anthology, Escape. In addition to these tales of exotic adventure, Suspense expanded its repertoire to include more science fiction and supernatural content. By the end of its run, the series was remaking scripts from the long-canceled program The Mysterious Traveler. A time travel tale like Robert Arthur's "The Man Who Went Back to Save Lincoln" or a thriller about a death ray-wielding mad scientist would alternate with more run-of-the-mill crime dramas. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suspense_%28radio_drama%29
Views: 220545 Remember This
Caliphate reborn? The Rise of ISIS
 
48:30
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) terrorist organization has garnered considerable attention in recent months as it has swept across much of northern Syria and Iraq. It has also become notorious for its numerous human rights violations including abductions, beheadings, and wholesale massacres of civilians. This presentation examines the ‘mindset’ behind these actions. It also places the group within the broader context of the recent history of Syria and Iraq.
Views: 829 MansfieldDCLCP
Illuminati   The Rothschild Bloodline Financial Wizzards & Wealthy Cults
 
04:03:58
Illuminati - The Rothschild Bloodline Financial Wizzards & Wealthy Cults Top 8 Related Videos: 1. The State of Internet Censorship in Europe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znsoQPJD3A0 2. Feed the Frequency - Choosing our Vibes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aU5weNIyCE 3. What is Spacetime ? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0AKLSIy2mg 4. What does the Spike in the Schumann Resonance Mean? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ESKhimIppp8 5. We are Killing Off our Vital Insects Too https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ZJ4ptboH58 6. Is the Brain Really Necessary - The Answer Seems to be a No-Brainer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFPp2HfvuqE 7. Humanity Itself is the Collateral Damage of The War on Disease https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uex_-Nd-PH8 8. The Age of Tyrannical Surveillance - We're Being Branded, Bought and Sold for Our Data https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29tfgQbiJ1o
World War I | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:40:59
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: World War I Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a direct result of the war, and it also contributed to later genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic, which caused between 50 and 100 million deaths worldwide. Military losses were exacerbated by new technological and industrial developments and the tactical stalemate caused by gruelling trench warfare. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of 1917–1923, in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of World War II about twenty years later.On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis. In response, on 23 July Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente—consisting of France, Russia and Britain—and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy (the Triple Alliance was primarily defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war in 1914). Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, on 25 July issuing orders for the 'period preparatory to war', and after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade on the 28th, partial mobilisation was approved of the military districts nearest to Austria. General Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of 30 July; on the 31st, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within 12 hours. When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on 1 August in support of Austria-Hungary, with Austria-Hungary following suit on 6th; France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on 2 August.German strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within four weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan. On 2 August, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France. When this was refused, German forces entered Belgium early on the morning of 3 August and declared war with France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and in compliance with its obligations under this, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August. On 12 August, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on the 23rd, Japan sided with the Entente, seizing the opportunity to expand its sphere of influence by capturing German possessions in China and the Pacific. The war was fought in and drew upon each powers' colonial empires as well, spreading the conflict across the globe. The Entente and its allies would eventually become known as the Allied Powers, while the grouping of Austria-Hungary and Germany would become known as the Central Powers. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917. The Eastern Front was marked by much greater exchanges of territory, but though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Rom ...
Views: 53 wikipedia tts
First World War | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:39:41
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: First World War 00:06:48 1 Names 00:09:48 2 Background 00:09:57 2.1 Political and military alliances 00:12:25 2.2 Arms race 00:14:34 2.3 Conflicts in the Balkans 00:15:54 3 Prelude 00:16:03 3.1 Sarajevo assassination 00:18:08 3.2 Expansion of violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina 00:19:05 3.3 July Crisis 00:23:12 4 Progress of the war 00:23:21 4.1 Opening hostilities 00:23:30 4.1.1 Confusion among the Central Powers 00:24:17 4.1.2 Serbian campaign 00:24:59 4.1.3 German Offensive in Belgium and France 00:28:12 4.1.4 Asia and the Pacific 00:29:18 4.1.5 African campaigns 00:30:01 4.1.6 Indian support for the Allies 00:31:30 4.2 Western Front 00:31:39 4.2.1 Trench warfare begins 00:33:54 4.2.2 Continuation of trench warfare 00:37:33 4.3 Naval war 00:42:15 4.4 Southern theatres 00:42:24 4.4.1 War in the Balkans 00:46:00 4.4.2 Ottoman Empire 00:50:36 4.4.3 Italian participation 00:54:43 4.4.4 Romanian participation 00:57:39 4.5 Eastern Front 00:57:47 4.5.1 Initial actions 00:58:39 4.5.2 Russian Revolution 01:01:18 4.5.3 Czechoslovak Legion 01:02:43 4.6 Central Powers peace overtures 01:04:27 4.7 1917–1918 01:04:45 4.7.1 Developments in 1917 01:07:48 4.7.2 Ottoman Empire conflict, 1917–1918 01:10:53 4.7.3 15 August 1917: Peace offer by the Pope 01:11:55 4.7.4 Entry of the United States 01:15:30 4.7.5 German Spring Offensive of 1918 01:19:05 4.7.6 New states enter the war 01:20:23 4.8 Allied victory: summer 1918 onwards 01:20:34 4.8.1 Hundred Days Offensive 01:22:42 4.8.1.1 Battle of Albert 01:24:15 4.8.2 Allied advance to the Hindenburg Line 01:26:05 4.8.3 German Revolution 1918-1919 01:27:04 4.8.4 New German government surrenders 01:28:03 4.8.5 Armistices and capitulations 01:31:30 5 Aftermath 01:32:11 5.1 Formal end of the war 01:34:02 5.2 Peace treaties and national boundaries 01:38:33 5.3 National identities 01:41:52 5.4 Health effects 01:45:21 6 Technology 01:45:30 6.1 Ground warfare 01:50:58 6.1.1 Areas taken in major attacks 01:52:34 6.2 Naval 01:53:29 6.3 Aviation 01:55:35 7 War crimes 01:55:44 7.1 Baralong incidents 01:56:40 7.2 Torpedoing of HMHS iLlandovery Castle/i 01:57:27 7.3 Blockade of Germany 01:58:16 7.4 Chemical weapons in warfare 02:00:16 7.5 Genocide and ethnic cleansing 02:00:25 7.5.1 Ottoman Empire 02:02:04 7.5.2 Russian Empire 02:02:29 7.6 Rape of Belgium 02:03:54 8 Soldiers' experiences 02:04:30 8.1 Prisoners of war 02:08:11 8.2 Military attachés and war correspondents 02:08:37 9 Support for and opposition to the war 02:08:48 9.1 Support 02:12:19 9.2 Opposition 02:18:01 9.3 Conscription 02:18:27 9.3.1 Conscription in Canada 02:18:54 9.3.2 Conscription in Australia 02:19:25 9.3.3 Conscription in Britain 02:20:55 9.3.4 United States 02:22:56 9.3.5 Austria-Hungary 02:23:38 9.4 Diplomacy 02:24:29 10 Legacy and memory 02:24:53 10.1 Historiography 02:25:36 10.2 Memorials 02:27:16 10.3 Cultural memory 02:30:08 10.4 Social trauma 02:31:17 10.5 Discontent in Germany 02:33:15 10.6 Economic effects 02:39:28 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a direct result of the war, and it also contributed to later genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic, which caused between 50 and 100 million deaths worldwide. Military losses were exacerbated by new technological and industrial developments and the tactical stalemate caused by gruelling trench warfare. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of 1917–1923, in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries ...
Views: 84 wikipedia tts
Water Quality Protection and Issues in Illinois
 
52:24
Presented by Amy Walkenbach, Illinois EPA
Peak oil | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:18:49
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Peak oil Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Peak oil is the theorized point in time when the maximum rate of extraction of petroleum is reached, after which it is expected to enter terminal decline. Peak oil theory is based on the observed rise, peak, fall, and depletion of aggregate production rate in oil fields over time. It is often confused with oil depletion; however, whereas depletion refers to a period of falling reserves and supply, peak oil refers to peak, before terminal depletion occurs. The concept of peak oil is often credited to geologist M. King Hubbert whose 1956 paper first presented a formal theory. Some observers, such as petroleum industry experts Kenneth S. Deffeyes and Matthew Simmons, predicted there would be negative global economy effects after a post-peak production decline and subsequent oil price increase because of the continued dependence of most modern industrial transport, agricultural, and industrial systems on the low cost and high availability of oil. Predictions vary greatly as to what exactly these negative effects would be. While the notion that petroleum production must peak at some point is not controversial, the assertion that this must coincide with a serious economic decline, or even that the decline in production will necessarily be caused by an exhaustion of available reserves, is not universally accepted. Oil production forecasts on which predictions of peak oil are based are sometimes made within a range which includes optimistic (higher production) and pessimistic (lower production) scenarios. According to the International Energy Agency, conventional crude oil production peaked in 2006. A 2013 study concluded that peak oil "appears probable before 2030", and that there was a "significant risk" that it would occur before 2020, and assumed that major investments in alternatives will occur before a crisis, without requiring major changes in the lifestyle of heavily oil-consuming nations. Pessimistic predictions of future oil production made after 2007 state either that the peak has already occurred, that oil production is on the cusp of the peak, or that it will occur soon.Hubbert's original prediction that US peak oil would occur in about 1970 appeared accurate for a time, as US average annual production peaked in 1970 at 9.6 million barrels per day and mostly declined for more than 3 decades after. However, the use of hydraulic fracturing caused US production to rebound during the 2000s, challenging the inevitability of post-peak decline for the US oil production. In addition, Hubbert's original predictions for world peak oil production proved premature. Nevertheless, the rate of discovery of new petroleum deposits peaked worldwide during the 1960s and has never approached these levels since.
Views: 32 wikipedia tts
World War I | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:41:00
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: World War I Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians died as a direct result of the war, and it also contributed to later genocides and the 1918 influenza pandemic, which caused between 50 and 100 million deaths worldwide. Military losses were exacerbated by new technological and industrial developments and the tactical stalemate caused by gruelling trench warfare. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of 1917–1923, in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of World War II about twenty years later.On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis. In response, on 23 July Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente—consisting of France, Russia and Britain—and the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy (the Triple Alliance was primarily defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war in 1914). Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, on 25 July issuing orders for the 'period preparatory to war', and after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade on the 28th, partial mobilisation was approved of the military districts nearest to Austria. General Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of 30 July; on the 31st, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within 12 hours. When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on 1 August in support of Austria-Hungary, with Austria-Hungary following suit on 6th; France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on 2 August.German strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within four weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan. On 2 August, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France. When this was refused, German forces entered Belgium early on the morning of 3 August and declared war with France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and in compliance with its obligations under this, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August. On 12 August, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on the 23rd, Japan sided with the Entente, seizing the opportunity to expand its sphere of influence by capturing German possessions in China and the Pacific. The war was fought in and drew upon each powers' colonial empires as well, spreading the conflict across the globe. The Entente and its allies would eventually become known as the Allied Powers, while the grouping of Austria-Hungary and Germany would become known as the Central Powers. The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917. The Eastern Front was marked by much greater exchanges of territory, but though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Rom ...
Views: 67 wikipedia tts
A People's History Chpt 1 Part 1   Columbus meets the Arawaks
 
32:24
The American history you learned in high school is inaccurate, incomplete and biased as heck. Join me to hear history from a people's perspective, as opposed to the perspective of nations and rulers.
Submarine | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:44
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Submarine 00:02:59 1 History 00:03:08 1.1 Early submersibles 00:04:20 1.2 18th century 00:05:31 1.3 19th century 00:06:49 1.3.1 Mechanical power 00:08:43 1.4 20th century 00:11:36 1.4.1 World War I 00:13:26 1.4.2 World War II 00:17:39 1.4.3 Cold-War military models 00:20:15 1.5 21st century 00:20:24 2 Usage 00:20:33 2.1 Military 00:23:44 2.2 Civilian 00:25:45 2.3 Polar operations 00:28:52 3 Technology 00:29:01 3.1 Submersion and trimming 00:32:23 3.2 Hull 00:32:31 3.2.1 Overview 00:35:06 3.2.2 Single and double hulls 00:37:05 3.2.3 Pressure hull 00:41:21 3.3 Propulsion 00:43:05 3.3.1 Diesel-electric 00:47:24 3.3.2 Air-independent 00:49:01 3.3.3 Nuclear power 00:51:45 3.3.4 Alternative 00:52:44 3.4 Armament 00:55:37 3.5 Sensors 00:57:32 3.6 Navigation 00:58:40 3.7 Communication 01:00:11 3.8 Life support systems 01:03:02 4 Crew 01:03:37 4.1 Women 01:07:22 4.2 Abandoning the vessel 01:08:00 5 See also 01:08:09 5.1 By country Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability. The term most commonly refers to a large, crewed vessel. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated vehicles and robots, as well as medium-sized or smaller vessels, such as the midget submarine and the wet sub. The noun submarine evolved as a shortened form of submarine boat; by naval tradition, submarines are usually referred to as "boats" rather than as "ships", regardless of their size (boat is usually reserved for seagoing vessels of relatively small size). Although experimental submarines had been built before, submarine design took off during the 19th century, and they were adopted by several navies. Submarines were first widely used during World War I (1914–1918), and now figure in many navies large and small. Military uses include attacking enemy surface ships (merchant and military), attacking other submarines, aircraft carrier protection, blockade running, ballistic missile submarines as part of a nuclear strike force, reconnaissance, conventional land attack (for example using a cruise missile), and covert insertion of special forces. Civilian uses for submarines include marine science, salvage, exploration and facility inspection and maintenance. Submarines can also be modified to perform more specialized functions such as search-and-rescue missions or undersea cable repair. Submarines are also used in tourism, and for undersea archaeology. Most large submarines consist of a cylindrical body with hemispherical (or conical) ends and a vertical structure, usually located amidships, which houses communications and sensing devices as well as periscopes. In modern submarines, this structure is the "sail" in American usage and "fin" in European usage. A "conning tower" was a feature of earlier designs: a separate pressure hull above the main body of the boat that allowed the use of shorter periscopes. There is a propeller (or pump jet) at the rear, and various hydrodynamic control fins. Smaller, deep-diving and specialty submarines may deviate significantly from this traditional layout. Submarines use diving planes and also change the amount of water and air in ballast tanks to change buoyancy for submerging and surfacing. Submarines have one of the widest ranges of types and capabilities of any vessel. They range from small autonomous examples and one- or two-person vessels that operate for a few hours, to vessels that can remain submerged for six months—such as the Russian Typhoon class, the biggest submarines ever built. Submarines can work at greater depths than are survivable or practical for human divers. Modern deep-diving submarines derive from the bathyscaphe, which in turn evolved from the diving bell.
Views: 25 Subhajit Sahu
Racism in the United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:40:59
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Racism in the United States Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Racism in the United States has been widespread since the colonial era. Legally or socially sanctioned privileges and rights were given to white Americans but denied to all other races. European Americans (particularly affluent white Anglo-Saxon Protestants) were granted exclusive privileges in matters of education, immigration, voting rights, citizenship, land acquisition, and criminal procedure over a period of time extending from the 17th century to the 1960s. However, non-Protestant immigrants from Europe, particularly Irish people, Poles, and Italians, often suffered xenophobic exclusion and other forms of ethnicity-based discrimination in American society until the late 1800s and early 1900s. In addition, Middle Eastern American groups like Jews and Arabs have faced continuous discrimination in the United States, and as a result, some people belonging to these groups do not identify as white. East and South Asians have similarly faced racism in America. Major racially and ethnically structured institutions include slavery, segregation, Native American reservations, Native American boarding schools, immigration and naturalization law, and internment camps. Formal racial discrimination was largely banned in the mid-20th century and came to be perceived as socially and morally unacceptable. Racial politics remains a major phenomenon, and racism continues to be reflected in socioeconomic inequality. Racial stratification continues to occur in employment, housing, education, lending, and government. In the view of the United Nations and the U.S. Human Rights Network, "discrimination in the United States permeates all aspects of life and extends to all communities of color." While the nature of the views held by average Americans have changed significantly over the past several decades, surveys by organizations such as ABC News have found that even in modern America, large sections of Americans admit to holding discriminatory viewpoints. For example, a 2007 article by ABC stated that about one in ten admitted to holding prejudices against Hispanic and Latino Americans and about one in four did so regarding Arab-Americans. A 2018 YouGov/Economist poll found that 17% of Americans oppose interracial marriage, with 19% of "other" ethnic groups, 18% of blacks, 17% of whites, and 15% of Hispanics opposing.Some Americans saw the presidential candidacy of Barack Obama, and his election in 2008 as the first black president of the United States, as a sign that the nation had entered a new, post-racial era. The right-wing populist radio host Lou Dobbs claimed in November 2009, "We are now in a 21st-century post-partisan, post-racial society." Two months later, Chris Matthews, an MSNBC host, said of President Obama, "He is post-racial by all appearances. You know, I forgot he was black tonight for an hour." The election of President Donald Trump has been viewed by some commentators as a racist backlash against the election of Barack Obama.During the 2010s, American society continues to experience high levels of racism and discrimination. One new phenomenon has been the rise of the "alt-right" movement: a white nationalist coalition that seeks the expulsion of sexual and racial minorities from the United States. In August 2017, these groups attended a rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, intended to unify various white nationalist factions. During the rally, a white supremacist demonstrator drove his car into a group of counter-protesters, killing one person and injuring 19. Since the mid-2010s, the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Bureau of Investigation have considered white supremacist violence to be the leading threat of domestic terrorism in the United States.
Views: 68 wikipedia tts
Words at War: Assignment USA / The Weeping Wood / Science at War
 
01:27:26
The Detroit Race Riot broke out in Detroit, Michigan in June 20, 1943, and lasted for three days before Federal troops restored order. The rioting between blacks and whites began on Belle Isle on June 20, 1943 and continued until the 22nd of June, killing 34, wounding 433, and destroying property valued at $2 million. In the summer of 1943, in the midst of World War II, tensions between blacks and whites in Detroit were escalating. Detroit's population had grown by 350,000 people since the war began. The booming defense industries brought in large numbers of people with high wages and very little available housing. 50,000 blacks had recently arrived along with 300,000 whites, mostly from rural Appalachia and Southern States.[2] Recruiters convinced blacks as well as whites in the South to come up North by promising them higher wages in the new war factories. Believing that they had found a promised land, blacks began to move up North in larger numbers. However, upon arriving in Detroit, blacks found that the northern bigotry was just as bad as that they left behind in the deep South. They were excluded from all public housing except Brewster Housing Projects, forced to live in homes without indoor plumbing, and paid rents two to three times higher than families in white districts. They also faced discrimination from the public and unfair treatment by the Detroit Police Department.[3] In addition, Southern whites brought their traditional bigotry with them as both races head up North, adding serious racial tensions to the area. Job-seekers arrived in such large numbers in Detroit that it was impossible to house them all. Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. government was concerned about providing housing for the workers who were beginning to pour into the area. On June 4, 1941, the Detroit Housing Commission approved two sites for defense housing projects--one for whites, one for blacks. The site originally selected by the commission for black workers was in a predominantly black area, but the U.S. government chose a site at Nevada and Fenelon streets, an all-white neighborhood. To complete this, a project named Sojourner Truth was launched in the memory of a black Civil War woman and poet. Despite this, the white neighborhoods opposed having blacks moving next to their homes, meaning no tenants were to be built. On January, 20, 1942, Washington DC informed the Housing Commission that the Sojourner Truth project would be for whites and another would be selected for blacks. But when a suitable site for blacks could not be found, Washington housing authorities agreed to allow blacks into the finished homes. This was set on February 28, 1942.[4] In February 27, 1942, 120 whites went on protest vowing they would keep any black homeowners out of their sight in response to the project. By the end of the day, it had grown to more than 1,200, most of them were armed. Things went so badly that two blacks in a car attempted to run over the protesters picket line which led to a clash between white and black groups. Despite the mounting opposition from whites, black families moved into the project at the end of April. To prevent a riot, Detroit Mayor Edward Jeffries ordered the Detroit Police Department and state troops to keep the peace during that move. Over 1,100 city and state police officers and 1,600 Michigan National Guard troops were mobilized and sent to the area around Nevada and Fenelon street to guard six African-American families who moved into the Sojourner Truth Homes. Thanks to the presence of the guard, there were no further racial problems for the blacks who moved into this federal housing project. Eventually, 168 black families moved into these homes.[5] Despite no casualties in the project, the fear was about to explode a year later.[6] In early June 1943, three weeks before the riot, Packard Motor Car Company promoted three blacks to work next to whites in the assembly lines. This promotion caused 25,000 whites to walk off the job, effectively slowing down the critical war production. It was clear that whites didn't mind that blacks worked in the same plant but refused to work side-by-side with them. During the protest, a voice with a Southern accent shouted in the loudspeaker, "I'd rather see Hitler and Hirohito win than work next to a nigger". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Detroit_Race_Riot_%281943%29
Views: 290036 Remember This
United States Naval Academy | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:08:13
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Naval_Academy 00:03:08 1 Description 00:10:27 2 Other navy schools 00:11:18 3 History 00:11:57 3.1 Identity 00:13:14 3.2 Early years 00:16:10 3.3 The American Civil War 00:19:26 3.4 Porter's Academy - From the Civil War to the Spanish–American War 00:25:08 3.5 The Flagg Academy- Spanish–American War to WW I 00:28:16 3.5.1 World War I to World War II 00:32:46 3.6 Modern era: World War II to present 00:44:35 4 Rank structure 00:49:09 5 Uniforms 00:52:53 6 Campus 00:53:51 6.1 Halls and principal buildings 01:05:12 6.2 Monuments and memorials 01:12:10 6.3 Brigade sports complex 01:12:41 6.4 Cemetery and columbarium 01:12:51 6.5 Glenn Warner Soccer Facility 01:13:01 6.6 Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium 01:13:13 6.7 Terwilliger Brothers Field 01:13:32 7 Supervision of the Academy 01:14:52 8 Faculty 01:18:48 9 Appointment process 01:23:14 9.1 Admissions requirements 01:25:21 10 Curriculum 01:26:47 10.1 Moral education 01:29:19 10.2 Naval Academy Foreign Affairs Conference (NAFAC) 01:30:49 10.3 Naval Academy Science and Engineering Conference (NASEC) 01:32:02 10.4 McMullen Naval History Symposium 01:32:32 10.5 Small Satellite Program 01:33:19 10.6 Postgraduate studies 01:34:57 11 Student activities 01:35:07 11.1 Athletics 01:41:40 11.2 Song 01:42:33 11.3 Other extra-curricular activities 01:45:32 12 Police 01:46:19 13 Women at the Naval Academy 01:53:23 14 A selection of Naval Academy traditions 02:06:00 15 Alumni 02:07:59 16 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7375696592449807 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United States Naval Academy (also known as USNA, Annapolis, or simply Navy) is a four-year coeducational federal service academy adjacent to Annapolis, Maryland. Established on 10 October 1845, under Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft, it is the second oldest of the United States' five service academies, and educates officers for commissioning primarily into the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The 338-acre (137 ha) campus is located on the former grounds of Fort Severn at the confluence of the Severn River and Chesapeake Bay in Anne Arundel County, 33 miles (53 km) east of Washington, D.C. and 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Baltimore. The entire campus (known to insiders as "the Yard") is a National Historic Landmark and home to many historic sites, buildings, and monuments. It replaced Philadelphia Naval Asylum, in Philadelphia, that served as the first United States Naval Academy from 1838 to 1845 when the Naval Academy formed in Annapolis.Candidates for admission generally must both apply directly to the academy and receive a nomination, usually from a Member of Congress. Students are officers-in-training and are referred to as midshipmen. Tuition for midshipmen is fully funded by the Navy in exchange for an active duty service obligation upon graduation. Approximately 1,200 "plebes" (an abbreviation of the Ancient Roman word plebeian) enter the Academy each summer for the rigorous Plebe Summer. About 1,000 midshipmen graduate. Graduates are usually commissioned as ensigns in the Navy or second lieutenants in the Marine Corps, but a small number can also be cross-commissioned as officers in other U.S. services, and the services of allied nations. The United States Naval Academy has some of the highest paid graduates in the country according to starting salary. The academic program grants a bachelor of science degree with a curriculum that grades midshipmen's performance upon a broad academic program, military leadership performance, and mandatory participation in competitive athletics. Midshipmen are required to adhere to the academy's Honor Concept.
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Jamaica | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:54
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Jamaica Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Jamaica ( ( listen)) is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola (the island containing the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Previously inhabited by the indigenous Arawak and Taíno peoples, the island came under Spanish rule following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1494. Many of the indigenous people died of disease, and the Spanish transplanted African slaves to Jamaica as labourers. The island remained a possession of Spain until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it and renamed it Jamaica. Under British colonial rule Jamaica became a leading sugar exporter, with its plantation economy highly dependent on African slaves. The British fully emancipated all slaves in 1838, and many freedmen chose to have subsistence farms rather than to work on plantations. Beginning in the 1840s, the British utilized Chinese and Indian indentured labour to work on plantations. The island achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962. With 2.9 million people, Jamaica is the third-most populous Anglophone country in the Americas (after the United States and Canada), and the fourth-most populous country in the Caribbean. Kingston is the country's capital and largest city, with a population of 937,700. Jamaicans mainly have African ancestry, with significant European, Chinese, Indian, Lebanese, and mixed-race minorities. Due to a high rate of emigration for work since the 1960s, Jamaica has a large diaspora around the world, particularly in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state. Her appointed representative in the country is the Governor-General of Jamaica, an office held by Sir Patrick Allen since 2009. Andrew Holness has served as the head of government and Prime Minister of Jamaica from March 2016. Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with legislative power vested in the bicameral Parliament of Jamaica, consisting of an appointed Senate and a directly elected House of Representatives.
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Nazi Germany | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:56:02
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nazi Germany Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Nazi Germany is the common English name for Germany between 1933 and 1945, when Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party (NSDAP) controlled the country through a dictatorship. Under Hitler's rule, Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state that controlled nearly all aspects of life via the Gleichschaltung legal process. The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich ("German Reich") until 1943 and Großdeutsches Reich ("Greater German Reich") from 1943 to 1945. Nazi Germany is also known as the Third Reich, from German Drittes Reich, meaning "Third Realm" or "Third Empire", the first two being the Holy Roman Empire and the German Empire. The Nazi regime ended after the Allies defeated Germany in May 1945, ending World War II in Europe. Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by the President of the Weimar Republic, Paul von Hindenburg, on 30 January 1933. The NSDAP then began to eliminate all political opposition and consolidate its power. Hindenburg died on 2 August 1934 and Hitler became dictator of Germany by merging the offices and powers of the Chancellery and Presidency. A national referendum held 19 August 1934 confirmed Hitler as sole Führer (leader) of Germany. All power was centralised in Hitler's person and his word became the highest law. The government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but a collection of factions struggling for power and Hitler's favour. In the midst of the Great Depression, the Nazis restored economic stability and ended mass unemployment using heavy military spending and a mixed economy. Extensive public works were undertaken, including the construction of Autobahnen (motorways). The return to economic stability boosted the regime's popularity. Racism, especially antisemitism, was a central feature of the regime. The Germanic peoples were considered by the Nazis to be the master race, the purest branch of the Aryan race. Discrimination and persecution against Jews and Romani or Gypsy people began in earnest after the seizure of power. The first concentration camps were established in March 1933. Jews and others deemed undesirable were imprisoned, and liberals, socialists, and communists were killed, imprisoned, or exiled. Christian churches and citizens that opposed Hitler's rule were oppressed, and many leaders imprisoned. Education focused on racial biology, population policy, and fitness for military service. Career and educational opportunities for women were curtailed. Recreation and tourism were organised via the Strength Through Joy program, and the 1936 Summer Olympics showcased Germany on the international stage. Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels made effective use of film, mass rallies, and Hitler's hypnotic oratory to influence public opinion. The government controlled artistic expression, promoting specific art forms and banning or discouraging others. The Nazi regime dominated neighbours through military threats in the years leading up to war. Nazi Germany made increasingly aggressive territorial demands, threatening war if these were not met. It seized Austria and Czechoslovakia in 1938 and 1939. Hitler made a non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin and invaded Poland in September 1939, launching World War II in Europe. By early 1941, Germany controlled much of Europe. Reichskommissariats took control of conquered areas and a German administration was established in what was left of Poland. Germany exploited the raw materials and labour of both its occupied territories and its allies. Millions of Jews and other peoples deemed undesirable by the state were imprisoned, murdered in Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps, or shot in the Holocaust, through war crimes, and other crimes against humanity. While the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 was initially successful, the Soviet resurgence and entry of the US into the war meant the Wehrmacht lost the initiative on the Eastern Front in 1943 and by late 1944 had been pushed back to ...
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History of the Jews in Poland | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:13:12
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the Jews in Poland Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The history of the Jews in Poland dates back over 1,000 years. For centuries, Poland was home to the largest and most significant Jewish community in the world. Poland was a principal center of Jewish culture, thanks to a long period of statutory religious tolerance and social autonomy. This ended with the Partitions of Poland which began in 1772, in particular, with the discrimination and persecution of Jews in the Russian Empire. During World War II there was a nearly complete genocidal destruction of the Polish Jewish community by Nazi Germany and its collaborators, during the 1939–1945 German occupation of Poland and the ensuing Holocaust. Since the fall of communism in Poland, there has been a Jewish revival, featuring an annual Jewish Culture Festival, new study programs at Polish secondary schools and universities, the work of synagogues such as the Nożyk Synagogue, and Warsaw's Museum of the History of Polish Jews. From the founding of the Kingdom of Poland in 1025 through to the early years of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth created in 1569, Poland was the most tolerant country in Europe. Known as paradisus iudaeorum (Latin for "Paradise of the Jews"), it became a shelter for persecuted and expelled European Jewish communities and the home to the world's largest Jewish community of the time. According to some sources, about three-quarters of the world's Jews lived in Poland by the middle of the 16th century. With the weakening of the Commonwealth and growing religious strife (due to the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation), Poland's traditional tolerance began to wane from the 17th century onward. After the Partitions of Poland in 1795 and the destruction of Poland as a sovereign state, Polish Jews were subject to the laws of the partitioning powers, the increasingly antisemitic Russian Empire, as well as Austria-Hungary and Kingdom of Prussia (later a part of the German Empire). Still, as Poland regained independence in the aftermath of World War I, it was the center of the European Jewish world with one of the world's largest Jewish communities of over 3 million. Antisemitism was a growing problem throughout Europe in those years, from both the political establishment and the general population.At the start of World War II, Poland was partitioned between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (see Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). One-fifth of the Polish population perished during World War II, half of them were 3,000,000 Polish Jews murdered in The Holocaust, constituting 90% of Polish Jewry. Although the Holocaust occurred largely in German-occupied Poland, there was little collaboration with the Nazis by its citizens. Collaboration by individual Poles has been described as smaller than in other occupied countries. Statistics of the Israeli War Crimes Commission indicate that less than 0.1% of Poles collaborated with the Nazis. Examples of Polish attitudes to German atrocities varied widely, from actively risking death in order to save Jewish lives, and passive refusal to inform on them; to indifference, blackmail, and in extreme cases, participation in pogroms such as the Jedwabne pogrom. Grouped by nationality, Poles represent the largest number of people who rescued Jews during the Holocaust. In the post-war period, many of the approximately 200,000 Jewish survivors registered at Central Committee of Polish Jews or CKŻP (of whom 136,000 arrived from the Soviet Union) left the People's Republic of Poland for the nascent State of Israel and North or South America. Their departure was hastened by the destruction of Jewish institutions, post-war violence and the hostility of the Communist Party to both religion and private enterprise, but also because in 1946–1947 Poland was the only Eastern Bloc country to allow free Jewish aliyah to Israel, without visas or exit permits. Britain demanded Poland to halt the exodus, but their pressure was largely unsuccessful. Most o ...
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Industrial Workers of the World | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Industrial Workers of the World Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), members of which are commonly termed "Wobblies", is an international labor union that was founded in 1905 in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. The union combines general unionism with industrial unionism, as it is a general union whose members are further organized within the industry of their employment. The philosophy and tactics of the IWW are described as "revolutionary industrial unionism", with ties to both socialist and anarchist labor movements. In the 1910s and early 1920s, the IWW achieved many of their short-term goals, particularly in the American West, and cut across traditional guild and union lines to organize workers in a variety of trades and industries. At their peak in August 1917, IWW membership was more than 150,000, with active wings in the U.S., Canada and Australia. The extremely high rate of IWW membership turnover during this era (estimated at 133% per decade) makes it difficult for historians to state membership totals with any certainty, as workers tended to join the IWW in large numbers for relatively short periods (e.g., during labor strikes and periods of generalized economic distress).Due to several factors, membership declined dramatically in the late 1910s and 1920s. There were conflicts with other labor groups, particularly the American Federation of Labor (AFL), which regarded the IWW as too radical, while the IWW regarded the AFL as too conservative and dividing workers by craft. Membership also declined due to government crackdowns on radical, anarchist and socialist groups during the First Red Scare after World War I. In Canada the IWW was outlawed by the federal government. Probably the most decisive factor in the decline in IWW membership and influence, however, was a 1924 schism in the organization, from which the IWW never fully recovered.The IWW promotes the concept of "One Big Union", and contends that all workers should be united as a social class to supplant capitalism and wage labor with industrial democracy. They are known for the Wobbly Shop model of workplace democracy, in which workers elect their managers and other forms of grassroots democracy (self-management) are implemented. IWW membership does not require that one work in a represented workplace, nor does it exclude membership in another labor union.In 2012, the IWW moved its General Headquarters offices to 2036 West Montrose, Chicago. The origin of the nickname "Wobblies" is uncertain.
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Jamaica | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:09:54
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Jamaica Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Jamaica ( ( listen)) is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola (the island containing the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Previously inhabited by the indigenous Arawak and Taíno peoples, the island came under Spanish rule following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1494. Many of the indigenous people died of disease, and the Spanish transplanted African slaves to Jamaica as labourers. The island remained a possession of Spain until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it and renamed it Jamaica. Under British colonial rule Jamaica became a leading sugar exporter, with its plantation economy highly dependent on African slaves. The British fully emancipated all slaves in 1838, and many freedmen chose to have subsistence farms rather than to work on plantations. Beginning in the 1840s, the British utilized Chinese and Indian indentured labour to work on plantations. The island achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August 1962. With 2.9 million people, Jamaica is the third-most populous Anglophone country in the Americas (after the United States and Canada), and the fourth-most populous country in the Caribbean. Kingston is the country's capital and largest city, with a population of 937,700. Jamaicans mainly have African ancestry, with significant European, Chinese, Indian, Lebanese, and mixed-race minorities. Due to a high rate of emigration for work since the 1960s, Jamaica has a large diaspora around the world, particularly in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state. Her appointed representative in the country is the Governor-General of Jamaica, an office held by Sir Patrick Allen since 2009. Andrew Holness has served as the head of government and Prime Minister of Jamaica from March 2016. Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with legislative power vested in the bicameral Parliament of Jamaica, consisting of an appointed Senate and a directly elected House of Representatives.
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