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Hereditary of blood- determination of blood group from parents to child
 
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In this video we know about blood group and multiple gene hereditary. We learn Blood hereditary function and application in human kind. We also know about multiple gene use in determination of blood group from parents to child. इस विडियो में हम लोग रक्त समूह और बहुजिनी वंशागति के बारे में देखेगे साथ ही हम लोग इस वंशागति के कार्य और महत्त्व कि और भी देखेगे । इसके साथ ही ये भी देखेगे कि किस प्रकार माता पिता से रक्त समूह बच्चो में वंशागति करता है । HUMAN BLOOD IS A EXAMPLE OF MULTIPLE GENE HEREDITY (मानव रक्त एक बहुजीनी वंशागति का उदाहरण है ।) HUMAN BEINGS HAVE FOUR TYPES OF BLOOD GROUP AND THEY BLOOD GROUP HAVE SPERATE GENES. (मानव में उपस्थित चारो रक्त समूह के अपने अपने जीन पाए जाते है ।) Blood group A- IA IA IA IO Blood group B- IB IB IB IO Blood group AB- IA IB Blood group O- IOIO Blood groups are inherited from our biological parents in the same way as eye colour and other genetic traits. Within the ABOBlood Group system, the A and B genes are co-dominant, i.e. these will be expressed whenever the gene is present. The O gene is silent and only expressed when neither A nor B is present. Blood types are inherited genetic traits (like eye color, hair color, etc.) ABO Analogy: Donuts and Sprinkles donut = red blood cell A sprinkles = A antigens B sprinkles = B antigens no sprinkles = no antigens (plain donut) What are the antigens chemically? Alleles in the ABO System i = base (plain donut) IA = encodes A antigens IB = encodes B antigens Allele Combinations ii IAIA or IAi IBIB or IBi IAIB Antigens and Antibodies The antigens you have on your blood cells are recognized by your immune system as SELF antigens If foreign antigens are discovered in your body, antibodies (or immunoglobulins) will be made by B cells of the immune system blood type heritability chart, blood type inheritance rh factor, blood type genetics chart, how does blood type inheritance work, blood type inheritance calculator, blood type inheritance positive negative, blood groups percentages, abo blood group system, Are You Preparing For Government Job | Banking | SSC | Railway | other Competitive Examination then Subscribe Raghav Classes. For any query [email protected] us on: [email protected] Please Subscribe our YouTube Channel: https://goo.gl/eFmS23 ****************************************************************** Math Playlist(1 Concept to 5 Topic): https://goo.gl/AttQHy Biology Playlist (Science gk short tricks): https://goo.gl/rcJ1fU Hereditary of blood: https://goo.by/pTLN2 Zika symptoms: https://goo.by/ZR9CQ Vitamins याद कैसे करे: https://goo.by/OO0CX Diseases tricks on finger tips: https://goo.by/6VHZs Problem on Percentage orally: https://goo.by/ppOuH Profit & Loss trick: https://goo.by/pk43x Simple Interest tricks: https://goo.by/Fc7x6 Time Speed and Distance: https://goo.by/YwYph Ncert Strategy: https://goo.by/igXYd Solar System with tricks: https://goo.by/Cl11K ****************************************************************** Join us on: You Tube: youtube.com/c/RaghavClasses Free Study Material: https://www.fb.com/raghavclassesedu/ Facebook: https://www.fb.com/raghavclass Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/raghavclasses/ Follow us on Google+ : https://goo.gl/MNhWqx
Views: 25768 Raghav Classes
Punnett Square to determine possible blood types
 
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In this example, the Punnett square is used to determine the possible blood types of the father while the mother is confirmed Type O and all children are confirmed Type O.
Views: 220202 imwondering
Blood Types and Paternity
 
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If Jane is blood type A and John is blood type B, can they have a child that is type O? Don't memorize those tables - Penguin Prof to the RESCUE! Videos mentioned: Solving Genetics Problems: http://youtu.be/Qcmdb25Rnyo Donuts and Sprinkles: ABO and Rh Blood Types: http://youtu.be/L06TJTMVkBo JOIN THE FUN all over the WEB: SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/user/ThePenguinProf FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/ThePenguinProf GOOGLE+: https://plus.google.com/+Penguinprof/posts TWITTER: https://twitter.com/penguinprof WEB: http://www.penguinprof.com/ SPONSORED BY AUDIBLE.COM PenguinProf LOVES Audible and now the feeling is mutual! Audible.com is the premier provider of digital audiobooks. Audible has over 150,000 titles to choose from in every genre. Audible titles play on iPhone, Kindle, Android and more than 500 devices for listening anytime, anywhere. Click to learn more and download a FREE audiobook of your choice! http://www.audibletrial.com/PenguinProf
Views: 76011 ThePenguinProf
11. AB blood type (genetics)
 
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For more information, log on to- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/ Download the study materials here- http://shomusbiology.weebly.com/bio-materials.html A complete blood type would describe a full set of 30 substances on the surface of RBCs, and an individual's blood type is one of many possible combinations of blood-group antigens.[2] Across the 30 blood groups, over 600 different blood-group antigens have been found,[4] but many of these are very rare, some being found mainly in certain ethnic groups. Almost always, an individual has the same blood group for life, but very rarely an individual's blood type changes through addition or suppression of an antigen in infection, malignancy, or autoimmune disease.[5][6][7][8] Another more common cause in blood type change is a bone marrow transplant. Bone-marrow transplants are performed for many leukemias and lymphomas, among other diseases. If a person receives bone marrow from someone who is a different ABO type (e.g., a type A patient receives a type O bone marrow), the patient's blood type will eventually convert to the donor's type. Some blood types are associated with inheritance of other diseases; for example, the Kell antigen is sometimes associated with McLeod syndrome.[9] Certain blood types may affect susceptibility to infections, an example being the resistance to specific malaria species seen in individuals lacking the Duffy antigen.[10] The Duffy antigen, presumably as a result of natural selection, is less common in ethnic groups from areas with a high incidence of malaria.[11] Source of the article published in description is Wikipedia. I am sharing their material. Copyright by original content developers of Wikipedia. Link- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page PPT source: All the PowerPoint material is from Sciencegeek.net. Copyright by sciencegeek.net. Link- http://www.sciencegeek.net/Biology/Powerpoints.shtml
Views: 148877 Shomu's Biology
Blood Types- Who's the baby's daddy? Jerry Springer
 
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Blood Type Practice - Who's the baby's daddy? Jerry Springer Show (IB Biology)
Views: 656 Alex Lee
Mother-Father blood group to baby blood group
 
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Views: 27095 VAP education
Blood Group - How to determine the Children Blood Group
 
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This video is on Science Topic that is How to Determine the Children Blood Group from their parents blood Group in brief Explanation. Tag used blood group possibility in child for ssc","blood group of child from parents","when parent blood group is+ what is children's","b blood group of chlild because of parents","rh factor","b+ bloodman type","does one having different blood group indicate that one is adopted,"does blood group of a child depends on father
Views: 863 Exam Guru
How To Test Your Own Blood Groups ?
 
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This video will guide you on how to test your own blood group at home with the help of the fluids. These are actually anti body to A, B and D (which is Rh factor). So here we will test the blood groups by using our solutions. So I pricked my finger, put 3 drops of blood on slide and then solution was put in form of drop. Then the drops are mixed. Then see for agglutination reaction in form of clumping. Then compare with the pics given in the video and see how different blood groups look like. My blood group is B-ve.
Views: 874252 Dr. Vikram
WHICH BLOOD GROUP YOU SHOULD MARRY FOR YOUR BLOOD GROUP
 
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https://goo.gl/fD8ziR https://goo.gl/iqNVsv
Views: 280692 DeepWin Creations
How Blood Type Affects Pregnancy Medical Course
 
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For Educational Use Only - Fair Use - OBGYN Dr. Lisa Masterson explains how blood type affects pregnancy.rnrn
Views: 80753 Abihail Abihu
GENETICS 1: INHERITANCE OF BLOOD TYPE
 
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INHERITANCE OF BLOOD TYPE
Views: 45225 Walter Jahn
Blood Types:  ABO and Rh (with donuts and sprinkles!)
 
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All about blood types - ABO and Rh blood groups. Who donates to whom? How are blood types inherited? What are the medical issues involved with transfusions? DON'T memorize that donor / recipient table - watch this video instead! Links to videos mentioned: Mendelian Genetics: Fun with Cats and Peas http://youtu.be/xtJwHytHRfI JOIN THE FUN all over the WEB: SUBSCRIBE: http://www.youtube.com/user/ThePenguinProf FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/ThePenguinProf GOOGLE+: https://plus.google.com/+Penguinprof/posts TWITTER: https://twitter.com/penguinprof WEB: http://www.penguinprof.com/ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- VIDEO DETAILS: Blood Groups: ABO and Rh Blood Group Systems 32 human blood group systems are now recognized by the International Society of Blood Transfusion The most important of these: ABO blood group system and Rh blood group system Discovery of ABO Blood Types ABO blood types were discovered in 1900 by Dr. Karl Landsteiner at the University of Vienna He wondered why some patients died as a result of blood transfusions and others did not Inheritance Blood types are inherited genetic traits (like eye color, hair color, etc.) ABO Analogy: Donuts and Sprinkles donut = red blood cell A sprinkles = A antigens B sprinkles = B antigens no sprinkles = no antigens (plain donut) What are the antigens chemically? Alleles in the ABO System i = base (plain donut) IA = encodes A antigens IB = encodes B antigens Allele Combinations ii IAIA or IAi IBIB or IBi IAIB Antigens and Antibodies The antigens you have on your blood cells are recognized by your immune system as SELF antigens If foreign antigens are discovered in your body, antibodies (or immunoglobulins) will be made by B cells of the immune system Antibody Structure Antigen + Antibody = agglutination reaction Agglutination = the clumping of particles Latin: agglutinare meaning 'to glue' Mixing of all blood groups and the result KEY: CANNOT transfuse if foreign antigens are introduced!!! The Rh Antigen Inherited in Mendelian fashion! Medical issue: Rh- mother and Rh+ fetus Good News... Rho(D) Globulin Treatment ("RhoGAM")
Views: 673390 ThePenguinProf
Can my baby's blood type be determined by the blood in the umbilical cord?
 
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You wanted to know if a doctor can determine blood type based off of the umbilical cord. And they can determine the baby's blood type based on the blood inside the umbilical cord that belonged to the baby. And actually, during every delivery, whether it be a vaginal delivery or a C-section, a doctor will obtain a sample of the cord blood and send it off for testing. And generally speaking, all they screen for is the RH factor, or the negative or positive aspect of the baby's blood type, and this has implications for the mother. If she has a negative blood type, we need to know what the baby's is, because if the baby has a positive blood type and the mother is negative, she needs a RhoGAM shot after the baby is born. Additional testing to find out the blood group or type, as in A, B, AB, or O is only ordered if it's necessary to the baby's treatment and well-being. If you have specific questions about your baby, be sure to talk with your pediatrician, and if you have more questions for me in the future, feel free to ask them on our Facebook page at http://www.facebook.com/IntermountainMoms, and recommend us to your friends and family too.
Views: 998 IntermountainMoms
Is it possible for a child to have different blood type than his parents?
 
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How does inheritance of blood types work? My father is very stubborn. He refuses to have his blood typed, but my mother would like to know what it is, just in case. She knows that her blood type is B+, and my brother's blood type is AB. With that info can you determine my father's? --------------------------------------------- My husband wants to know why he and I both have blood type A and our biological daughter is an O. ---------------------------------------------- This is going to take some explaining. There are three blood genes: A, B, and O. (I'm going to ignore the + and - part of this.) A and B are dominant, and O is recessive. You inherit one blood gene from your mother and one from your father. The combination of genes determines your blood type. There are four possibilities: A, B, AB, and O. Here's how it works: A + A = A A + O = A A + B = AB B + B = B B + O = B O + O = O With that in mind, we turn to your question, Confused. Your brother is an AB. That means he got an A from one parent and a B from the other. Your mom is a B, so we know your brother got his B gene from her. (As a B, she could only have given him a B or an O, and if he'd gotten an O he wouldn't be an AB. This may make you Really Confused, but think about it a bit, it'll come clear.) Since your brother got his B gene from mom, he got his A gene from your father. Your father, therefore, may be A or AB. He's definitely not B or O. So while we don't know exactly what your father's blood type is, we've narrowed it down. Now it's Jill's turn. The only way you can get type O is to have two O genes (because O is recessive). Assuming the mailman wasn't involved, the fact that both you and your husband are A and your daughter is an O means that both parents have one A gene and one O gene. (This is the only way your daughter could end up with type O blood; if one of you had two A genes, she could only have had blood type A.) Thus, there was a 25% chance your daughter would get two A genes, making her blood type A. There was a 25% chance she'd get two O genes, making her blood type O. And there was a 50% chance she'd get an A and an O (25% for getting an A from each of you), again making her blood type A. So it was a 1-in-4 chance for your daughter to be type O--certainly not a rarity. That should reassure your husband. Had your daughter been a B, you'd have had some explaining to do.
trick to remember blood groups/how to find blood group from parents / blood group /biology question
 
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Views: 40566 EXAM CRACKER
How to Find Blood Group of the Parents if Blood Groups of the Children are Known
 
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ABO blood group system, the classification of human blood based on the inherited properties of red blood cells (erythrocytes) as determined by the presence or absence of the antigens A and B, which are carried on the surface of the red cells. Persons may thus have type A, type B, type O, or type AB blood.
Blood group determination from Parents - क्या बच्चे का ब्लड ग्रुप माँ बाप से अलग होगा?- UPSC/SSC
 
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Views: 74303 Study IQ education
How Rh factor affects a pregnancy
 
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Rh is the most important blood group next to the ABO types and nearly every human can be categorized as “Rh positive” or “Rh negative.” When a Rh-negative woman becomes pregnant with an Rh-positive baby, deadly consequences can occur. (Toronto Star) For more on this story visit the Toronto Star: https://www.thestar.com/news/world/2017/12/15/she-was-the-woman-who-loses-all-the-babies.html?cid=YTD_1117 Follow the Toronto Star on social media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/torontostar/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TorontoStar Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thetorontostar/
Views: 118939 Toronto Star
How to find your blood type at home [Easily ] ABO & Rh blood typing system.
 
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How to find your blood type at home [Easily ] ABO & Rh blood typing system. This video will guide you on how to test your own blood group at home with the help of the fluids. These are actually anti body to A, B and D (which is Rh factor). So here we will test the blood groups by using our solutions. So I pricked my finger, put 3 drops of blood on slide and then solution was put in form of drop. Then the drops are mixed. Then see for agglutination reaction in form of clumping. Then compare with the pics given in the video and see how different blood groups look like. My blood group is B-ve. How to find your blood type at home? Finding your blood type is simple—as long as you have the right test supplies. There are four main blood types: A, B, AB and O, and each of those can be positive or negative for the Rh factor. So in total, there are eight possible blood types: A+ or A-, B+ or B-, AB+ or AB-, and O+ or O-. Materials Required: Monoclonal Antibodies ( Anti-A, B and D) Blood Lancet Alcohol swabs Tooth picks Sterile cotton balls Clean glass slide Ice tray Biohazard disposal container Procedure: Blood Grouping Experiment Set the table with all the materials required. Remember to place the Monoclonal Antibody (Mab) kit in an Ice tray. Open an Alcohol swab, and rub it at the area from where the blood will be sampled (finger tip). (Discard the swab) Open the Lancet cover, put pressure at the tip of the finger from where blood will be sampled (maintain it). Prick the finger tip with the opened Lancet.(Discard the Lancet) As blood starts oozing out, make 1 drop fall on the three depressions of the glass slide. (in clinical setup, there will be a fourth well used as a control). Place a cotton ball at the site where it was pricked. Using the thumb, put pressure on the area to stop blood flow. Take the Anti-A (blue) bottle, resuspend the content and use the dropper to place a drop of the Mab in the 1st spot. Place the bottle back in ice. Take the Anti-B (yellow) bottle, resuspend the content and use the dropper to place a drop of the Mab in the 2nd spot. Place the bottle back in ice. Take the Anti-D (colorless) bottle, resuspend the content and use the dropper to place a drop of the Mab in the 3rd spot. Place the bottle back in ice. Take a tooth pick and mix the content in each well. Discard the tooth pick after using in one well (take a new one for the next well). After mixing, wait for a while to observe the result. Normal Results ABO typing: If your blood cells stick together when mixed with: Anti-A serum, you have type A blood Anti-B serum, you have type B blood Both anti-A and anti-B serums, you have type AB blood If your blood cells do not stick together when anti-A and anti-B are added, you have type O blood. Back typing: If the blood clumps together only when B cells are added to your sample, you have type A blood. If the blood clumps together only when A cells are added to your sample, you have type B blood. If the blood clumps together when either types of cells are added to your sample, you have type O blood. Lack of blood cells sticking together when your sample is mixed with both types of blood indicates you have type AB blood. RH typing: If your blood cells stick together when mixed with anti-Rh serum, you have type Rh-positive blood. If your blood does not clot when mixed with anti-Rh serum, you have type Rh-negative blood. Find a blood type calculator . There are blood type calculators that can be found on several websites and will help you determine your possible blood type. To use them, you need to know your parents' blood types.Here are the possible blood type combinations and the types they produce: O parent x O parent = O child O parent x A parent = A or O child O parent x B parent = B or O child O parent x AB parent = A or B child A parent x A parent = A or O child A parent x B parent = A, B, AB or O child A parent x AB parent = A, B or AB child B parent x B parent = B or O child B parent x AB parent = A, B or AB child AB parent x AB parent = A, B or AB child please subscribe to my channel- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8Pi2ioNKDdTRajKBMP3QAg
Views: 33546 Zabir
Blood Types Explained | Blood Groups (ABO) and Rh Factor Nursing Transfusions Compatibility
 
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Blood typing made easy with explanation on ABO blood groups and Rh factor for nurses (blood transfusions). There are 8 total blood types from four blood groups (A, B, AB, O). In nursing we transfuse blood, but before we do this we have to collect blood from the patient who will be receiving the blood transfusion. The patient's blood will be typed and crossmatched with a donor. The donor’s blood must be compatible with our patient to prevent a transfusion reaction. To understand blood typing, you have to understand the relationship between antigens and antibodies. What are red blood cell antigens? They are either present or absent on the surface of RBC. All red blood cells have them EXCEPT Type O RBCs. Antigens are proteins that can elicit an immune response when they come into contact with its corresponding antibodies. Therefore, they stimulate antibodies to defend the body. So, when the same red blood cell antigens and antibodies get together it will cause an IMMUNE RESPONSE called agglutination. This is where the RBCs will glue together, hence clump together. Therefore, it is VERY important a person is not transfused with the wrong blood type. Blood Types: Recipient and Donor A blood type: has only A antigens on its surface with B antibodies in the plasma. Type A: donates to A and AB and recipient of O and A B blood type: has only B antigens on its surface with A antibodies in the plasma. Type B: donates to B and AB and recipient of O and B AB blood type: has both A and B antigens on its surface with NO antibodies in it plasma. Type AB: donates to only other ABs but recipient of O, A, B, and AB...known as the "UNIVERSAL RECIPIENT" O blood type: has NO antigens on its surface with A and B antibodies in its plasma. Type O: donates to all types but only recipient of other O....known as the "UNIVERSAL DONOR". Rh factors: either present or absent on the red blood cells surface. If these factors are present on the RBC the patient is Rh POSTIVIE, but if these factors are absent the patient is Rh NEGATIVE. If a patient is Rh positive they can receive either Rh+ or RH- blood. While Rh negative patients can receive only Rh- blood. Quiz Blood Typing: https://www.registerednursern.com/blood-types-nclex-quiz/ Notes: https://www.registerednursern.com/blood-types-nursing-nclex-review/ Blood Transfusion Nursing Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4PHCwvkH24 More Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWwTsEG3KPPQx9rWa8AqMIk Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/registerednursern_com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RegisteredNurseRNs Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/RegisteredNurseRN/videos All of our videos in a playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAhHxt663pU&list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXMveRcN4df0bad3ugEaQnk Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 Fluid & Electrolytes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv Nursing Skills: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb Nursing School Study Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms Nursing School Tips & Questions" https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF Types of Nursing Specialties: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp Healthcare Salary Information: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh New Nurse Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy Nursing Career Help: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj EKG Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq Diabetes Health Managment: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
Views: 135762 RegisteredNurseRN
How To Know If A Child Is Yours? 6 Most Common Ways
 
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How to know if a child is yours? 6 Most Common Ways? This video discusses the most common ways people decipher if a child is actually biologically related to themselves. Visit our website here: http://yournotthefather.com/how-to-tell-if-child-is-yours-or-not/ Book Resource (Paternity Testing) Buy on Amazon: http://yournotthefather.com/child_not_yours_yt/ Related Videos: https://youtu.be/WAPclTuANxs There are several ways an alleged father can determine whether a child is his biological offspring or not. Some of the ideas shared are cultural beliefs that have proven to be very true when science becomes involved. Below are is a list of ways an alleged father can determine paternity. 1. Eye color Inheritance: It is important to understand that eye color inheritance in science is called the polygenic inheritance pattern. What this basically means is, that eye color is determined by more than one gene. The eye colors range from light blue to black. When it comes to determining paternity using eye color. This method can be used as a useful tool in some respects. For example, there are recessive and dominant genes. Scientists state that recessive genes can not create a dominant gene (eye color) but, dominant genes can create recessive genes (eye color). Ex. If an alleged father and mother both have blue eyes and the baby is born with dark brown eyes. The odds are the child may not be the alleged father’s child. Ex. If both parents have brown eyes and the child is born with green eyes. This does not mean the alleged father is not the biological father. As I stated earlier dominant genes (eye color) can create another dominant gene or a recessive gene. 2. Blood Typing Blood typing is another way some people attempt to determine paternity. Just like eye color, blood has the same principles. For example, the dominant blood types are A,B, and AB. The recessive blood type is O. Now the dominant blood types can create themselves but not another dominant blood type. Ex. If both parents are A blood types, they will not be able to produce a B dominant blood type.This also works in reverse. Ex. If both parents have are B blood types they could create B blood type child or an O blood type child. Please keep in mind that O is recessive therefore O blood types can only create themselves. So, if an alleged father wanted to use this method to determine paternity he only be able to exclude himself as the biological father if the child has another dominant blood type that differs from his own. For example, if the father is an A blood type and the mother is an O blood type and the child is born with B blood. There is no way the alleged father could be the biological father of the child. Now if the mother slept with two men that have the same blood type there is no way you can use blood typing alone to determine paternity. 3. Paternity Testing Perform a DNA Paternity test is by far the most effective and accurate method of determining a biological relationship between an alleged father and child. This method is also the simplest method. All you have to do is contact a reputable company like IDTO DNA Testing Services and they can assist you with easy appointment set-ups. If you are on the fence about this method and you have questions about your specific situation you may want to read my new book “Are You? Or, Are Your Not The Father? The Complete Question and Answer Guide to the Paternity Testing Process and Relationships”. I answer the most pressing questions people across the country and around the world want to know about the process that DNA Companies neglect to share with you and more. Here are some cultural beliefs that people use to at least question paternity. 4. The color of the newborn’s skin tone. Although, this method is often used I suggest allowing the child to mature for a year or two to see if the baby’s hue changes. 5. Analyzing a child’s facial features and eating habits 6. Analyzing how the child walks. #howtoknowifachildisyours #youarenotthefatherchannel
Views: 13278 You Are Not The Father
What Your Blood Type Says About Your Personality
 
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Do you know your blood type? 🅾️🅰️🅱️🆎 It can help you improve your health and even save your life in extreme situations. Also, it can say a lot about you personally! Japanese researchers have been studying blood types for decades and have found a surprising connection between a person’s character traits and blood group. We’re all well-aware that blood has different “types,” but what exactly does that mean? In a nutshell, blood type is based on two things: antibodies and antigens. An antibody is a protein produced by your blood’s plasma that helps your immune system fight different things that make you sick, like bacteria and viruses. Antigens, which are classified as A or B, can be different proteins, carbohydrates, and all sorts of complex biological compounds. #bloodtype #bloodgroup #personality TIMESTAMPS: O-type blood 1:34 A-type blood 2:31 B-type blood 3:49 AB-blood type 5:10 Compatibility horoscope 6:45 Music by Epidemic Sound https://www.epidemicsound.com/ SUMMARY: - Japanese experts call people with O-type blood sociable, open-minded, and intuitive. They’re real “people” people and can quickly become the heart of pretty much any conversation. - Japanese professor Tokeji Furukawa, who published a paper on blood types and personality back in 1927, associated A-type blood with creative and responsible people. Intelligent and persistent, these individuals know what they want and go for it! - Japanese researchers find people with B-type blood especially fascinating. You're unbelievably creative, fun, and passionate. You have a true power and strength within you, and your energy knows no bounds. - People with AB blood are believed to be rational and a bit controlling. It's not like they’re gonna start barking orders at you or anything; they just don't like to depend on others. They're the makers of their own fate and their strong-willed personality certainly helps them along the way. - What’s really interesting about the Japanese blood type personality research is that they have a certain word for every group. Subscribe to Bright Side : https://goo.gl/rQTJZz ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/brightside/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/brightgram/ 5-Minute Crafts Youtube: https://www.goo.gl/8JVmuC ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more videos and articles visit: http://www.brightside.me/
Views: 5683495 BRIGHT SIDE
BLOOD GROUPS explained in Tamil |  How mother's blood can hurt the child
 
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Did you think all our blood are the same, the answer is NO... There are two types of grouping they are ABO grouping and Rh grouping.. ABO grouping: I explained what group of blood is donated to what kind of peoples...There are many things to consider about that..just watch and know Rh grouping: positive blood group, a negative blood group. .....But really what is that... can blood of mother can kill the child... .......if you like this video please hit the like button... ...To get more science videos please consider subscribing... contact me:https://botanyzoology.com/contact-us-2/ visit our website:https://botanyzoology.com/ follow us on social media's facebook:https://www.facebook.com/sciencestream/ Twitter:https://twitter.com/botanyzoology LinkedIn:https://www.linkedin.com/in/kavi-kumar-biology-a5105a179/ Pinterest:https://in.pinterest.com/botanyzoology/
Blood Typing Exercise
 
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In this demonstration, NCSSM Forensics instructor Candice Chambers explains how to perform an ABO blood typing test using the Synthetic Blood: Whose Baby? kit from Carolina Biological Supply. NCSSM, a publicly funded high school in North Carolina, provides exciting, high-level STEM learning opportunities. If you appreciate this video, please consider making a tax-deductible donation to the NCSSM Foundation. Thank you! https://connections.ncssm.edu/giving Please attribute this work as being created by the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics. This work is licensed under creative commons CC-BY http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/GAbv/
Role of blood type in determining paternity? - Dr. Sanjay Gupta
 
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The most common type of blood group we talk about is ABO. There are many types of blood groups but he most common we talk about is ABO and Rh factor. So you must have heard that a certain blood group of an individual is AB positive or O positive or B negative etc. So these are the examples of blood groups. We know the pattern of antigenicity of the antigens that they are carrying so that if necessary, they can either be a recipient or a donor. When it comes to paternity issue, it is not simple. When it comes to ABO or Rh factor are only a few of the blood group types. There can be many other more blood groups, which can also lead to interference and also the important factor of deciding the paternity. So in those older eras, few decades back, we were depending on this blood group. For example if a father is O blood group and a mother is B blood group and the child cannot be an AB blood group. Why so? It is because when a father is O blood group, he does not have the antigenicity of A blood group and mother is carrying B antigenicity. So the child cannot carry the A antigenicity in the blood group. These are the simple example to say that paternity can be decided from the blood group. So there are interferences, there are other blood groups. So it is not a foolproof method to actually determine paternity .So we have better and more advanced investigations and some of them are genetically oriented. So we do genetic tests, finger printing, chromosomal analysis and decide the paternity factor. So in a court of law it cannot be challenged that ABO factor or ABO blood group can be the determining factor for paternity. There has to be more specific, more sensitive investigations to determine paternity.
4 Ways to determine a baby's paternity - Dr. Suhasini Inamdar
 
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There are various ways of determining the paternity of the baby. The very simple type is to see the phenotype, it generally means the physical characteristics, the complexion, the color of the eye and hair and the second one is blood group, both ABO and Rh. The more specific that we can do about the paternity is the gene testing, that is called as the DNA finger print gene finger print. This is absolutely accurate and there are some antigens in the human body, which is called as human leucocyte antibodies. Even these tests are very reliable and they give 91% positive results. So these are the tests to determine a baby’s paternity.
What happens if mother has negative blood group , what happens to such babies
 
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what happens to such babies, a) Evening primrose oil https://amzn.to/2DVafCf b) Chia Seeds https://amzn.to/2zmu5m1 c) NUTRILITE SALMON OMEGA-3 https://amzn.to/2zi0UR1 d) Bragg organic apple cider vinegar https://amzn.to/2S950Sy e) virgin coconut oil https://amzn.to/2KsFdlr f) artificial sweetener https://amzn.to/2RdPyEF g) Hair serum https://amzn.to/2SKNeFu h) Hair conditioner https://amzn.to/2S93wrs i) www.imcbusiness.com j) WOW coconut shampoo https://amzn.to/2I4W9Ba DR. Sonal Parihar MD,MRCOG(UK) Gynaecologist Sona Medihub 97 paota main Rd 1st polo Jodhpur 342001 Contact no - 9928388224 Contact Me Through DOCWISE APP My PIN C2TXJ Support No. 080 39658989 (8:00am – 10:00pm) what’s app support no 8197475297 Instagram Sonal.Parihar.33 Facebook Pages Mrs Earth International 2018 Dr. Sonal Parihar Crown Hunt Pageant Training & Rental Services
Views: 14162 Ask Your Gynaecologist
What are Blood Types?
 
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Quick Questions explains why, when it comes right down to it, there are really only eight kinds of people in the world. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2261/ http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/landsteiner/readmore.html http://anthro.palomar.edu/blood/Rh_system.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002223.htm http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/101/motm.do?momID=21 http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/inheritance/blood/ http://www.northshore.org/community-events/donating-blood/blood-types/ http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/blood-types
Views: 1448446 SciShow
Parents Child Blood group possibilities
 
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This video will help you to know the blood group possibilities of a child from a parents blood group
Views: 1319 DOUBT DEMOLISHER
Is it possible or not for Rh+ parents to have Rh- child?
 
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An individual either has, or does not have, the "Rh factor" on the surface of their red blood cells. This term strictly refers only to the most immunogenic D antigen of the Rh blood group system, or the Rh− blood group system. The status is usually indicated by Rh positive (Rh+ does have the D antigen) or Rh negative (Rh− does not have the D antigen) suffix to the ABO blood type. However, other antigens of this blood group system are also clinically relevant. These antigens are listed separately (see below: Rh nomenclature). In contrast to the ABO blood group, immunization against Rh can generally only occur through blood transfusion or placental exposure during pregnancy in women.
Why do blood types matter? - Natalie S. Hodge
 
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View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-do-blood-types-matter-natalie-s-hodge It’s often said that despite humanity’s many conflicts, we all bleed the same blood. It’s a nice thought, but not quite accurate. In fact, our blood comes in a few different varieties. Natalie S. Hodge defines the four major blood types and sheds light on why some bloods can mix while others cannot. Lesson by Natalie S. Hodge, animation by Brad Purnell.
Views: 1472811 TED-Ed
Genetics of ABO Blood Group
 
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Genetics of ABO Blood Group
Views: 78769 MrWLifeScience
क्या बच्चे का ब्लड ग्रुप माँ या बाप के ब्लड ग्रुप से मिलना जरुरी होता हैं Blood Types
 
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इस वेबसाइड पर चेक करे 👇http://www.endmemo.com/medical/bloodtype.php ========================================= which parent determines the blood type of the child? can a child have a different blood type than both parents? if both parents have o positive blood type what will the child have BLOOD TYPE CHART - CHILD MOTHER FATHER MATCHING kya baby ka blood group usake pitase match hota hai ya usaki maa k blood group se match hota hai mere bacche ka blood group mujhe se match hona chahiye
Views: 118373 Apna Clinic
Multiple Alleles (ABO Blood Types) and Punnett Squares
 
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Learn how to set up and solve a genetic problem involving multiple alleles using ABO blood types as an example! This video has a handout here: http://www.amoebasisters.com/handouts.html Support us on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/amoebasisters Our FREE resources: GIFs: http://www.amoebasisters.com/gifs.html Handouts: http://www.amoebasisters.com/handouts.html Comics: http://www.amoebasisters.com/parameciumparlorcomics Connect with us! Website: http://www.AmoebaSisters.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/AmoebaSisters Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/AmoebaSisters Tumblr: http://www.amoebasisters.tumblr.com Pinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/AmoebaSister­s Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/amoebasistersofficial/ Visit our Redbubble store at http://www.amoebasisters.com/store.html The Amoeba Sisters videos demystify science with humor and relevance. The videos center on Pinky's certification and experience in teaching science at the high school level. Pinky's teacher certification is in grades 4-8 science and 8-12 composite science (encompassing biology, chemistry, and physics). Amoeba Sisters videos only cover concepts that Pinky is certified to teach. For more information about The Amoeba Sisters, visit: http://www.amoebasisters.com/about-us.html We cover the basics in biology concepts at the secondary level. If you are looking to discover more about biology and go into depth beyond these basics, our recommended reference is the FREE, peer reviewed, open source OpenStax biology textbook: https://openstax.org/details/books/biology We take pride in our AWESOME community, and we welcome feedback and discussion. However, please remember that this is an education channel. See YouTube's community guidelines https://www.youtube.com/yt/policyandsafety/communityguidelines.html and YouTube's policy center https://support.google.com/youtube/topic/2676378?hl=en&ref_topic=6151248. We also reserve the right to remove comments with vulgar language. Music is this video is listed free to use/no attribution required from the YouTube audio library https://www.youtube.com/audiolibrary/music?feature=blog Thank you to both Yuemeng Li and Yuyan Cai for Chinese subtitles! We have YouTube's community contributed subtitles feature on to allow translations for different languages. YouTube automatically credits the different language contributors below (unless the contributor had opted out of being credited). We are thankful for those that contribute different languages. If you have a concern about community contributed contributions, please contact us.
Views: 742783 Amoeba Sisters
Mother and Child Reunion Blood Type Simulation Lab
 
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This is a video that represents the blood typing simulation and mystery we solved in class.
Views: 1601 shopkinsbhs
Alyaa Gad - Blood Types
 
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Knowing your blood group might one day save your life or the lives of others, including those of your future children. In this video I’ll explain blood groups and the important points we all need to know about them. Scientists have classified our blood into groups, according to the presence of certain proteins on the surface of the blood cells, the red blood cells to be exact. One group of people who have the same certain protein, say, protein A, scientists have named them group A. Another group of people who have another certain protein, say, protein B, they named them group B. Another group of people, who have both of the two previous proteins – A and B – they named them group AB. Another group of people, who have neither of the two previous proteins, they named them group 0. The importance of blood groups is vital during operations and blood transfusions. We must know your group to know from whom you can receive blood or to whom you can donate blood. Our body reacts against foreign proteins, so if you’re group A, group B will be foreign for you. And the same you’re group B, group A will be foreign to you. If you are from group A and received blood from group B, your body will recognize it as foreign bodies and will react against the protein B. So, A cannot receive from B, but if A donates blood to AB, the body of AB will recognize A as a friend, not a foreign body, and will not react against it. So, know we have understood that A can donate blood to AB without considerable problems, and the same if B donates blood to AB, the body of AB will recognize both A and B as familiar proteins. So, blood group A can donate blood to AB and to itself of course, group B can donate blood to AB and to itself of course, group AB can donate blood to itself only. Group 0 means that there are no proteins on the surface that belong to that classification. So, 0 will not be recognized as a foreign body by any other type. That’s why group 0 can donate blood to group 0, group A can receive blood from group 0 as well, the body will not recognize anything wrong. 0 can donate blood to B and also to AB. Group AB can receive blood from all blood types and 0 can donate blood to all blood types. So, 0 is called a universal donor and AB is called a universal recipient. But hold it right there. Another scientist came along and said “hey, I found out from my researches on Rhesus monkeys, that there’s a certain protein, and I call it the RH factor, that may be present in all blood groups, or may be absent”. Now we know that group A individuals who have Rhesus factor are called A+ (A positive), so the group A individuals who have not got the Rh factor are called A- (A negative). The same for blood group B, AB and 0. They might be Rhesus positive (Rh+) or negative (Rh-). During blood transfusion Rh+ can receive from Rh-, which has no protein on the surface, and from Rh+ as well of course, because the body will recognize it as a friend and won’t do anything against it. So in fact AB+ is the general or universal recipient, which can receive blood from all blood groups, and 0- is the general donor, that can donate blood to all the other groups. In addition to the importance of blood groups during operations and blood transfusion, they’re also important to know around the time of pregnancy and childbirth. One common example is when the parents are different in the Rhesus factor. Especially when the mother is negative and the father is positive. Rhesus factor may be inherited by the baby from his father’s side, so the mother would recognize the blood of her baby as foreign body and would react against it. The first pregnancy may pass safely, but during delivery some of the fetal blood may enter the maternal circulation and the body of the mother will recognize the Rhesus factor (the positive Rhesus factor) as foreign body, and will form antibodies against it. If the second baby is Rhesus positive like the first baby, the previously formed antibodies will react against the foreign protein, killing the fetus and causing abortion. To save the baby the mother is given a drug that can prevent Rhesus negative mothers’ antibodies from being able to react against Rhesus positive fetal blood. Rhesus negative women are given the drug around the 28th week of pregnancy. So it’s very important before marriage to do blood group testing and if the mother is Rhesus negative and the father is Rhesus positive the mother must be given a drug by the end of the first pregnancy or during the second pregnancy. That was a summary of blood groups including the most important points we should know about this topic. I wish you the best of health! Subscribe to official Alyaa Gad channel : http://bit.ly/AlyaaGad Follow Alyaa Gad : http://www.afham.tv https://www.facebook.com/dr.AlyaaGad https://twitter.com/AlyaaGad
Is it possible to find father blood type if you know mother's and child's blood type?
 
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The discovery of the ABO blood group, over 100 years ago, caused great excitement. Until then, all blood had been assumed to be the same, and the often tragic consequences of blood transfusions were not understood. As our understanding of the ABO group grew, not only did the world of blood transfusion become a great deal safer, but scientists could now study one of the first human characteristics proven to be inherited. A person's ABO blood type was used by lawyers in paternity suits, by police in forensic science, and by anthropologists in the study of different populations. The ABO blood group antigens remain of prime importance in transfusion medicine—they are the most immunogenic of all the blood group antigens. The most common cause of death from a blood transfusion is a clerical error in which an incompatible type of ABO blood is transfused. The ABO blood group antigens also appear to have been important throughout our evolution because the frequencies of different ABO blood types vary among different populations, suggesting that a particular blood type conferred a selection advantage (e.g., resistance against an infectious disease.) However, despite their obvious clinical importance, the physiological functions of ABO blood group antigens remain a mystery. People with the common blood type O express neither the A nor B antigen, and they are perfectly healthy. Numerous associations have been made between particular ABO phenotypes and an increased susceptibility to disease. For example, the ABO phenotype has been linked with stomach ulcers (more common in group O individuals) and gastric cancer (more common in group A individuals). Another observation is that individuals with blood type O tend to have lower levels of the von Willebrand Factor (vWF), which is a protein involved in blood clotting.
Blood Type Genetics
 
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Blood-Type Genetics Blood Cell Antigens Blood types are the result of the presence (or absence) of antigens Genetic Blood (molecules) on the surface of the individual’s red blood cells. These fall into two groups: Type Find A, B, O blood type Rh factor Codominance The gene for antigen A and the gene for antigen B are CODOMINANT. Blood Type Diets Both traits are expressed completely when the gene for A is inherited from one parent and the gene for B is inherited from the other parent. Can Blood Bloodtype antigens and antibodies A, B, O Inheritance Blood Type Problem Negative Blood Three children recently born in a hospital were accidently mixed up. blood type of baby from parents The blood types of the parents involved are given along with the blood types of the infants. Determine which baby belongs with which parents, and explain your reasoning for the decisions you made. phenotype blood type Mother and Father_____ _____Babies_______ Parents #1 Type A & Type B Child x Type A Parents #2 Type O & Type AB Child y Type O Parents #3 Type B & Type O Child z Type AB Rh Inheritance what i need to know about b- blood type Rh inheritance is independent of A, B, O blood type. ABO and Rh blood type distribution by nation (population averages) Blood Type Problem A man whose alleles for blood type are A/O and Rh+/Rh- marries a woman whose alleles are B/O and Rh+/Rh-. What are the phenotypes of the parents with respect to blood type? What are the possible genotypes for their offspring with respect to blood type? What are the possible phenotypes for their offspring with respect to blood type? What are the phenotypes of the parents with respect to blood type? Father: AO is expressed as type A Rh+/Rh- is expressed as Rh+ Father’s phenotype is A+ Mother: BO is expressed as type B Rh+/Rh- is expressed as Rh+ Mother’s phenotype is B+ What are the possible genotypes for their offspring with respect to blood type?
Views: 2875 SliderBase
What is the role of blood type in determining paternity? - Dr. Sanjay Panicker
 
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The blood type cannot be used to determine the paternity and we cannot know or say that the father of the child is so and so person by just seeing the blood group. For that certain other DNA tests will be necessary. The blood group will not be enough to identify the paternity of the child.
Blood Types
 
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Paul Andersen explains the importance of blood types in blood transfusions. He starts with a brief discussion of blood antigens and antibodies. He describes how the ABO differs from the Rh blood type. He shows you how to solve simple genetic problems using Punnett squares. He then talks about the percentage distribution of the different types and the problems that may result during pregnancy. Intro Music Atribution Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License
Views: 710547 Bozeman Science
BLOOD TYPE & Rh INCOMPATIBILITY(Pregnant After Stillbirth)
 
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What is Rh incompatibility & how does having a negative blood type affect pregnancy, birth, & loss? http://kidshealth.org/parent/pregnancy_center/your_pregnancy/rh.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002567/ http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/797150-overview?pa=AN1342797790629T1342797790629_13427977906291342797790631
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What is a RhoGAM shot?
 
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One frequently asked question that patients get from their OB provider and from people in the hospital when they come to deliver their baby is "Do you know your blood type?" It's very important for several reasons. Of course if we ended up having to give you blood, we want to make sure that we're giving you the right kind, and we always draw a sample so we can match blood that you might get to that, and make sure that it's going to be compatible with your body. But another very important reason is that when it comes to pregnancy, if a mother is Rh-negative, meaning she has a negative blood type, and she has a baby that is Rh-positive, or has a positive blood type, if she doesn't receive a RhoGAM shot during pregnancy, usually sometime around 28 weeks, and then again after delivery if it is confirmed that her baby has positive blood, then her body can build up antibodies to that certain blood type. And if she gets pregnant again with another fetus that's Rh-positive, then her body will fight against that, and it can cause miscarriage, and it can cause fetal anemia, and many other complications. Another time that RhoGAM is given is if at anytime during the pregnancy you were in a car accident or you had any trauma or vaginal bleeding, the doctor would also want to give you RhoGAM at that point, because there's a chance that fetal and maternal blood have mixed, which could cause the sensitization if you don't get the RhoGAM shot. So any RhoGAM shot is very important. Again, your doctor will draw your blood, determine your blood type, and if you are negative, follow up with you sometime around 28 weeks of pregnancy. At this point, they'll need you to go to the lab, and they'll draw your blood again, and based on that, they'll mix up some RhoGAM. It's a shot that's given in your butt-cheek, and it's not comfortable, but it is very important for you to get because it helps to prevent complications down the road. If you have more specific questions about it as it applies to you, don't hesitate to talk with your OB provider. Good luck with everything, and if you have any other questions for me in the future, feel free to ask them on our Facebook page at http://www.facebook.com/IntermountainMoms, and recommend us to your friends and family too.
Views: 11026 IntermountainMoms
Baby changed in the hospital? ABO blood type problem and solution
 
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Before the 1900s, it was thought that all blood was the same, a misunderstanding that led to frequently fatal transfusions of animal blood into humans and hazardous transfusions of blood between people. Human blood is not the same—people belong to different blood groups, depending upon the surface markers found on the red blood cell. The cells that make up the body's tissues and organs are covered with surface markers, or antigens. Red blood cells are no different. This chapter will describe the types of red blood cell antigen and explain why they are so important in medicine today. Antigens stimulate an immune response An antigen is any substance to which the immune system can respond. For example, components of the bacterial cell wall can trigger severe and immediate attacks by neutrophils. If the immune system encounters an antigen that is not found on the body's own cells, it will launch an attack against that antigen. Conversely, antigens that are found on the body's own cells are known as "self-antigens", and the immune system does not normally attack these. The membrane of each red blood cell contains millions of antigens that are ignored by the immune system. However, when patients receive blood transfusions, their immune systems will attack any donor red blood cells that contain antigens that differ from their self-antigens. Therefore, ensuring that the antigens of transfused red blood cells match those of the patient's red blood cells is essential for a safe blood transfusion. Red blood cell antigens can be sugars or proteins Blood group antigens are either sugars or proteins, and they are attached to various components in the red blood cell membrane. For example, the antigens of the ABO blood group are sugars. They are produced by a series of reactions in which enzymes catalyze the transfer of sugar units. A person's DNA determines the type of enzymes they have, and, therefore, the type of sugar antigens that end up on their red blood cells. In contrast, the antigens of the Rh blood group are proteins. A person's DNA holds the information for producing the protein antigens. The RhD gene encodes the D antigen, which is a large protein on the red blood cell membrane. Some people have a version of the gene that does not produce D antigen, and therefore the RhD protein is absent from their red blood cells. Red blood cell membrane and some of the blood group antigens attached to it. Aside from the sugar (glycan or carbohydrate) antigens, the red blood cell membrane contains three types of protein that carry blood group antigens: single-pass proteins, multi-pass proteins, and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked proteins. Click on the blood groups to find out more about the antigens that define it. Red blood cell antigens determine your blood group The antigens expressed on the red blood cell determine an individual's blood group. The main two blood groups are called ABO (with blood types A, B, AB, and O) and Rh (with Rh D-positive or Rh D-negative blood types). The functions of many of the blood group antigens are not known, and if they are missing from the red blood cell membrane, there is no ill effect. This suggests that if the blood group antigens used to have a function, e.g., one particular blood group antigen made red blood cells more resistant to invasion from a parasite, it is no longer relevant today. But the presence or absence of red blood cell antigens becomes extremely important when blood from different people mixes, e.g., when a patient receives a blood transfusion from a blood bank. This also happens when a mother becomes pregnant because during labor, a small amount of fetal blood enters her circulation. In these circumstances, exposure to the foreign antigens on the red blood cells can trigger immune reactions. It is not possible to completely remove the danger of adverse reactions when blood from two people mix, but the danger can be minimized. Before a blood transfusion takes place, the blood to be donated must be "typed and cross matched" with the patient's blood to ensure immune compatibility. In pregnancy, the risk of the mother's immune system attacking the foreign antigens present on her fetus' red blood cells is prevented by giving the mother antibodies to cover fetal red blood cell antigens and removing them from the mother's circulation before her immune cells find them
Will O+ & A+ blood groups have any complications in conception? - Dr. Shashi Agrawal
 
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There are 4 types of human blood groups, A,B, AB and O. They a further divided into rhesus factor positive and rhesus factor negative, that is AB positive or negative, A positive and negative, and O and B positive and negative. There is a misconception that marriages between similar blood groups may be detrimental. But this is not true irrespective of the blood group, it is the rhesus factor compatibility that is important, that is if the father is positive and the mother Rh negative, it can lead to certain complications because the baby may be a positive or negative blood group. When the baby is negative blood group, that is Rh negative, it usually does not cause any problem and no testing is required for that but it is a positive blood group baby that is when certain precautionary methods are taken, certain injection are there for prevention of incompatibility reactions and certain testing is required during pregnancy.
Blood Types Chart # Blood Group Information |CHILD MOTHER FATHER MATCHING
 
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Blood Types Chart Blood Group Information American Red Cross, BLOOD TYPE CHART - CHILD MOTHER FATHER MATCHING, Blood: Structure, Function, Components, Compatible Blood Types, blood donation
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