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Qing Dynasty | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:59:35
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Qing Dynasty Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted for almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for modern China. It was the fifth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming Jianzhou Guard vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci formed the Manchu clans into a unified entity. By 1636, his son Hong Taiji began driving Ming forces out of Liaodong and declared a new dynasty, the Qing. In 1644, peasant rebels led by Li Zicheng conquered the Ming capital, Beijing. Rather than serve them, Ming general Wu Sangui made an alliance with the Manchus and opened the Shanhai Pass to the Banner Armies led by the regent Prince Dorgon, who defeated the rebels and seized the capital. Resistance from the Southern Ming and the Revolt of the Three Feudatories led by Wu Sangui delayed the Qing conquest of China proper by nearly four decades. The conquest was only completed in 1683 under the Kangxi Emperor reign (1661–1722). The Ten Great Campaigns of the Qianlong Emperor from the 1750s to the 1790s extended Qing control into Inner Asia. The early Qing rulers maintained their Manchu customs, and while their title was Emperor, they used "Bogd khaan" when dealing with the Mongols and they were patrons of Tibetan Buddhism. They governed using Confucian styles and institutions of bureaucratic government and retained the imperial examinations to recruit Han Chinese to work under or in parallel with Manchus. They also adapted the ideals of the tributary system in dealing with neighboring territories. During the Qianlong Emperor reign (1735–1796) the dynasty reached its apogee, but then began its initial decline in prosperity and imperial control. The population rose to some 400 millions, but taxes and government revenues were fixed at a low rate, virtually guaranteeing eventual fiscal crisis. Corruption set in, rebels tested government legitimacy, and ruling elites failed to change their mindsets in the face of changes in the world system. Following the Opium Wars, European powers imposed "unequal treaties", free trade, extraterritoriality and treaty ports under foreign control. The Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864) and the Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) in Central Asia led to the deaths of some 20 million people, most of them due to famines caused by war. In spite of these disasters, in the Tongzhi Restoration of the 1860s, Han Chinese elites rallied to the defense of the Confucian order and the Qing rulers. The initial gains in the Self-Strengthening Movement were destroyed in the First Sino-Japanese War of 1895, in which the Qing lost its influence over Korea and the possession of Taiwan. New Armies were organized, but the ambitious Hundred Days' Reform of 1898 was turned back in a coup by the conservative Empress Dowager Cixi. When the Scramble for Concessions by foreign powers triggered the violently anti-foreign "Boxers", the foreign powers invaded China, Cixi declared war on them, leading to defeat and the flight of the Imperial Court to Xi'an. After agreeing to sign the Boxer Protocol, the government initiated unprecedented fiscal and administrative reforms, including elections, a new legal code, and abolition of the examination system. Sun Yat-sen and other revolutionaries competed with constitutional monarchists such as Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao to transform the Qing Empire into a modern nation. After the deaths of Cixi and the Guangxu Emperor in 1908, the hardline Manchu court alienated reformers and local elites alike by obstructing social reform. The Wuchang Uprisi ...
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Qing dynasty | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:59:38
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Qing dynasty Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted for almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for modern China. It was the fifth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming Jianzhou Guard vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci formed the Manchu clans into a unified entity. By 1636, his son Hong Taiji began driving Ming forces out of Liaodong and declared a new dynasty, the Qing. In 1644, peasant rebels led by Li Zicheng conquered the Ming capital, Beijing. Rather than serve them, Ming general Wu Sangui made an alliance with the Manchus and opened the Shanhai Pass to the Banner Armies led by the regent Prince Dorgon, who defeated the rebels and seized the capital. Resistance from the Southern Ming and the Revolt of the Three Feudatories led by Wu Sangui delayed the Qing conquest of China proper by nearly four decades. The conquest was only completed in 1683 under the Kangxi Emperor reign (1661–1722). The Ten Great Campaigns of the Qianlong Emperor from the 1750s to the 1790s extended Qing control into Inner Asia. The early Qing rulers maintained their Manchu customs, and while their title was Emperor, they used "Bogd khaan" when dealing with the Mongols and they were patrons of Tibetan Buddhism. They governed using Confucian styles and institutions of bureaucratic government and retained the imperial examinations to recruit Han Chinese to work under or in parallel with Manchus. They also adapted the ideals of the tributary system in dealing with neighboring territories. During the Qianlong Emperor reign (1735–1796) the dynasty reached its apogee, but then began its initial decline in prosperity and imperial control. The population rose to some 400 millions, but taxes and government revenues were fixed at a low rate, virtually guaranteeing eventual fiscal crisis. Corruption set in, rebels tested government legitimacy, and ruling elites failed to change their mindsets in the face of changes in the world system. Following the Opium Wars, European powers imposed "unequal treaties", free trade, extraterritoriality and treaty ports under foreign control. The Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864) and the Dungan Revolt (1862–1877) in Central Asia led to the deaths of some 20 million people, most of them due to famines caused by war. In spite of these disasters, in the Tongzhi Restoration of the 1860s, Han Chinese elites rallied to the defense of the Confucian order and the Qing rulers. The initial gains in the Self-Strengthening Movement were destroyed in the First Sino-Japanese War of 1895, in which the Qing lost its influence over Korea and the possession of Taiwan. New Armies were organized, but the ambitious Hundred Days' Reform of 1898 was turned back in a coup by the conservative Empress Dowager Cixi. When the Scramble for Concessions by foreign powers triggered the violently anti-foreign "Boxers", the foreign powers invaded China, Cixi declared war on them, leading to defeat and the flight of the Imperial Court to Xi'an. After agreeing to sign the Boxer Protocol, the government initiated unprecedented fiscal and administrative reforms, including elections, a new legal code, and abolition of the examination system. Sun Yat-sen and other revolutionaries competed with constitutional monarchists such as Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao to transform the Qing Empire into a modern nation. After the deaths of Cixi and the Guangxu Emperor in 1908, the hardline Manchu court alienated reformers and local elites alike by obstructing social reform. The Wuchang Uprisi ...
Views: 42 wikipedia tts
T4VIETNAM.com - Stand Up For Our Country- Contact #VSA Vietnamese Student Association At Your School
 
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Chinese Land Buys, With Da Nang Residents' Help. Areas reserved for Chinese citizens on which Vietnamese could not set foot (VOA) https://youtube.com/watch?v=2uB6Va24Fuo Chuyến thăm của Xi Jinping trong mắt người Lý Sơn...mọi chuyện đã được định đoạt bởi Việt gian CS Và với đà này, một sự thỏa hiệp về biển Đông, xem như chuyện đã rồi, tiếp tục nhận viện trợ từ TQ, vay tiền của TQ thì tương lai VN tiếp tục đi từ phụ thuộc đến lệ thuộc TQ http://www.rfa.org/vietnamese/reportfromvn/xi-visit-in-the-opinion-of-ly-son-fishermen-11072015103951.html Protest against China's invasion of Vietnamese islands. On the front of a yellow shirt, write red slogans: Paracels - HS . .. . or . . . Paracel Islands - Hoàng Sa Spratlys - TS . . . . or . . . Spratly Islands - Trường Sa belong to VN . . . . or . . . belong to Vietnam - là của Việt Nam and on the back of a yellow shirt, write red slogans: CHINA STOP . . .. . . . or . . . Tàu cộng NGỪNG Invading Vietnam . . . . or . . . Xâm chiếm Việt Nam Killing Vietnamese . . . or . . . Giết người Việt Nam We have a duty as Vietnamese to stand up for our country; Contact VSA Vietnamese Student Association at your school. Please click on the link below: http://youtube.com/watch?v=Q0DHQNRblTo * TIẾNG TRỐNG MÊ LINH http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T-IunJj7dTc Trong tâm khảm người Việt chưa ai quên được 80 năm dưới chế độ Thực dân Pháp dân tộc ta đã chịu biết bao nhiêu thống khổ dưới gót giày xâm lược. Thực dân tha hồ bắn giết, nhiều làng bị san bằng. Người dân đói khát khổ cực, miếng cơm không có ăn, manh áo không có mặc. Chúng bóc lột bằng mọi thứ thuế, trong đó có cả thuế thân! Muốn sống cuộc đời trâu ngựa ai cũng phải đóng thuế! Và dưới chế độ độc tài, thế hệ chúng ta đã chịu bao nhiêu điêu linh cay đắng! Sống chết nhờ họa, phúc, bất trắc đọa đày. Đấy là những người cầm quyền cùng nòi giống Việt, nói chi đến chế độ cai trị trực tiếp trăm lần khắc nghiệt của thực dân phương Bắc trong gần 250 năm, từ 207 trước Công Nguyên đến năm 40, là năm hai chị em bà Trưng phất cờ khởi nghĩa lấy lại độc lập cho đất nước. Trong thời gian đen tối đó, quan cai trị người Tàu, lính tráng người Tàu mặc tình chém giết, vơ vét của cải, người dân Việt nghèo đói, túng thiếu đến nỗi trai gái lớn lên không có tiền để cưới hỏi. Hình ảnh những người Việt phải xuống sông, xuống biển mò ngọc trai, lên rừng tìm ngà voi, sừng tê giác nộp cho bọn Thứ Sử, Thái Thú ... để chúng đem về triều cống vua Tàu và bỏ túi riêng làm giàu trên xương máu người bản xứ. Những chuyện truyền khẩu trong dân gian kể lại cho tới bây giờ việc quan lại Tàu giàu có khi về nước của cải đem theo không hết phải đào hầm chôn giấu và bắt các trinh nữ người Việt trói chặt ngồi trên ghế, miệng ngậm sâm nhốt trong hầm làm ma khô giữ của cho chúng (chúng sẽ để lại họa đồ cho con cháu sang lấy). Chính sự tham lam tàn bạo ấy đến thời Tô Định đã lên cao tới cực điểm làm dân chúng oán hờn và những người nặng lòng với dân với nước căm giận nổi lên khắp nơi. Gia đình Trưng Vương ở Mê Linh và ông Thi Sách ở Châu Diên viết thư kể tội Tô Định: "Lúc nào cũng bô bô nói chuyện thương dân thế mà tấm lòng bóc lột kẻ dưới càng ngày càng dữ. Rán mỡ dân để thỏa lòng dục ..." và ông cảnh cáo: "Nếu không sửa đổi chính sách cho rộng rãi thì sẽ nguy vong đến nơi đãy!" (Phạm Văn Sơn, Việt Sử Tân Biên Q1, trang 172). Những kẻ bạo ngược từ xưa đến nay không bao giờ nghe lời nói phải. Ông Thi Sách sửa soạn lực lượng để khởi binh nhưng trong một lúc sơ hở bị Tô Định bắt và đem giết. Bà Trưng Trắc cùng với em là Trưng Nhì lên thay quyền phát hịch gửi đi khắp Châu quận kêu gọi khởi nghĩa được hào kiệt các nơi hưởng ứng đem quân về hợp lực.
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