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Insight: Rare–earth metals
 
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Did you know the smooth running of almost every piece of technology you use - is down to something called a rare-earth metal? The Insight team ask why a monopolised market is causing global concern. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7fWeaHhqgM4Ry-RMpM2YYw?sub_confirmation=1 Livestream: http://www.youtube.com/c/trtworld/live Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TRTWorld Twitter: https://twitter.com/TRTWorld Visit our website: http://www.trtworld.com/
Views: 36182 TRT World
Why We Need Rare Earth Elements
 
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Rare earth elements are crucial to the technology around us - they're in phones, computers, tvs, and hybrid cars. Why are they so important? Any why are they so difficult to mine? Anthony takes a look. Read More: "Japan finds rich rare earth deposits on seabed" http://uk.news.yahoo.com/japan-finds-rich-rare-earth-deposits-seabed-114659686.html#SvZ1Dq2 "Japanese researchers said Thursday they have found a rich deposit of rare earths on the Pacific seabed, with reports suggesting it could be up to 30 times more concentrated than Chinese reserves." "4 Rare Earth Elements That Will Only Get More Important" http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/engineering/news/important-rare-earth-elements#slide-1 "Lithium is lionized. Silicon has a whole valley named after it. But what about the silent heroes of modern technology?" "What are 'rare earths' used for?" http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-17357863 ""Rare earths" are a group of 17 chemically similar elements crucial to the manufacture of many hi-tech products." DNews is a show about the science of everyday life. We post two new videos every day of the week. Watch More http://www.youtube.com/dnewschannel Subscribe http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzWQYUVCpZqtN93H8RR44Qw?sub_confirmation=1 DNews Twitter https://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni Twitter: https://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green Twitter https://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez Twitter https://twitter.com/trace501 DNews Facebook http://www.facebook.com/DNews DNews Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/106194964544004197170/posts DNews Website http://discoverynews.com/
Views: 85201 Seeker
Rare Earth Elements
 
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Hank reveals why our love affair with the rare earth elements has a dark side. Like SciShow on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Follow SciShow on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow References: http://washingtonindependent.com/101462/california-mine-represents-hope-... http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/09/business/energy-environment/09rare.htm... http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/rare_earths/
Views: 782940 SciShow
Thulium  - The RAREST AMONG THE RARE Earth Metals!
 
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Thanks for the thulium: http://onyxmet.com/ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/Thoisoi?ty=h Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thoisoi2 Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thoisoi/ Do not repeat the experiments shown in this video! So, today I will tell you about the rarest among the so-called rare earth metals - thulium, however absurd it may sound, the rarest among the rare. And yes, with the city of Tula this metal is not connected in any way, unless the Tula gingerbread actually contains lanthanides. Nonetheless, in the periodic table the metal thulium is indeed featured in the row of those lanthanides, under the number 69. Thulium is very difficult to obtain, as only one part of this metal can be found in 100 trillion pieces of the earth's crust. Even the famous scientist Charles James needed to go through about 15,000 purification steps in order to get a more or less pure thulium bromate from an ore, the role of which can be taken by gadolinite or, for example, monazite. Many of you may have noticed that in almost all of the videos about lanthanides I mention all the same minerals and it's not just a coincidence. The fact is that often in such minerals one can find a whole gallery of lanthanide compounds that often accompany each other in natural sources and show the same chemical properties due to the similar structure of the electron shell. So it is not that easy to separate them from each other. By the way, approximately 80% of all the lanthanide deposits are located in China, as is the production of compounds from these elements. But let's return to thulium. From the outside this element looks like a shiny metal, resistant to oxidation in air. This piece of Thulium was made back in the year 1990, and since that time it almost did not oxidize. Because of its rarity, thulium now has a fairly high price, for 10 grams you may pay above $100. What’s also of interest is the structure of this Thulium sample, consisting of the so-called metal dendrites obtained by sublimation of a metal in a vacuum. According to its chemical properties, thulium hardly differs from other lanthanides, although in comparison with, say, neodymium, thulium is less active. This element also dissolves well in hydrochloric acid where it forms thulium chloride - a substance with a slightly greenish tinge. The same unusual green color can be seen in the sparks of burning thulium in air, which is quite unusual, since the sparks of other lanthanides are usually white. When the metal thulium burns in air, an oxide of this metal is formed. Nowadays, thulium compounds are added to phosphors, which allow them to glow in the ultraviolet in blue color, this property is used for the protection of euro banknotes from counterfeiters. Thulium compounds are added to the ink for the notes which under the ultraviolet light makes those particles glow in blue. The common properties of thulium with the other lanthanide metals can be seen from the behavior of thulium chloride in the presence of vanadates or tungstates, when the solutions of these substances come into contact, the insoluble precipitates of thulium compounds form. On the application, the non-radioactive isotope of thulium 169 finds its place in the manufacture of lasers used in surgery. For example, a solid-state laser using aluminum-yttrium garnet with thulium impurities is used to treat prostatitis and remove tumors. Though a more interesting application finds the radioactive isotope thulium 170, that emits a soft gamma, it is used in the production of compact sources of X-ray radiation which are used for obtaining dental images, and in searching for microcracks in mechanical and electronic devices. The miniature thulium devices are suitable for X-ray diagnostics in the tissues and organs that are difficult, and sometimes impossible to scan, with the conventional X-ray machines. With the help of thulium 170 absolutely inconspicuous letters and symbolic signs were found on the bronze lining of the Assyrian helmet of the 9th century BC. The helmet was wrapped in film and was shined through from within with soft gamma rays of thulium. On the developed film what appeared was the worn-out signs ... The only drawback of such devices is that the isotope thulium 170 is quite expensive, and has a half-life of about 170 days, meaning devices using this isotope are short-lived. Due to its rarity and high price, thulium is currently not so widespread in application as the other lanthanides, but in the end it can be said that this metal is quite unique, the rarest among the rare.
Rare earth elements: what confluence? | Sean Dudley | TEDxBozeman
 
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Have you ever considered the amazing amount of mining, processes, and resources needed to make your cell phone? Do you know what rare earth elements are and how they're extracted? Sean P. Dudley discusses cutting-edge research that is being done for the U.S. Army and U.S. Navy which is uncovering novel areas of production and processing of crucial resources so often taken for granted. Sean P. Dudley is a native of Butte and enjoys hiking, skiing, snowshoeing, and photography. He has owned a consulting business, worked for an engineering firm, and for various resource corporations. He is currently a Ph.D. Candidate in Materials Science at Montana Tech of the University of Montana and has accepted a job with the Naval Sea Systems Command. He holds a B.S. in Environmental Engineering and an M.S. in Metallurgical and Mineral Process Engineering. In his academic career, Sean has focused on responsible resource development. His Ph.D. work centers around economic and efficient rare earth element recovery under research programs for both the Office of Naval Research and the Army Research Laboratory. Sean’s research in the quantum mechanics of rare earth elements has uncovered an area for increased focus. The support of his family and two long-time advisors has been crucial for Sean’s development. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at http://ted.com/tedx
Views: 6422 TEDx Talks
Huge deposits of rare earth elements found near Japanese island
 
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일본 EEZ 해저 발견 희토류 매장량, 세계 수요 수백년분 Countries around the world are heavily dependent on China for rare earth minerals... that are used in various high-tech products. But all that may change.. as Japan reportedly found hundreds of years' worth of these rare elements in its waters. Hong Yoo explains further. Japanese researchers have found more than 16 million tons of rare earth deposits …under the seabed near the island of Minami-Torishima, …some 18-hundred kilometers from the country's mainland. Rare earths include dozens of minerals used in high-tech products, from smart phones to electric vehicles. According to the study released on Tuesday in the journal Scientific Reports, the researchers collected samples of the elements in 25 locations on the seabed …across a 25-hundred square-kilometer area. The analysis found 730 years' worth of dysprosium, used for the magnets in hybrid cars, and 780 years' worth of yttrium, used in the manufacture of lasers, based on estimated demand. The discovery of the deposits could help ease the world's dependence on China, …which accounts for nearly 90 percent of all rare earths production. Beijing's dominant position has resulted in price spikes and shortages in the past. The researchers say they have also come up with the technology to allow the resources to be extracted efficiently. The method can boost the density of rare earth minerals to 20 times that of the deposits in mainland China. The researchers plan to work with private companies to recover the rare earth minerals. Hong Yoo, Arirang News. Arirang News Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/arirangtvnews ------------------------------------------------------------ [Subscribe Arirang Official YouTube] ARIRANG TV: http://www.youtube.com/arirang ARIRANG RADIO: http://www.youtube.com/Music180Arirang ARIRANG NEWS: http://www.youtube.com/arirangnews ARIRANG K-POP: http://www.youtube.com/arirangworld ARIRANG ISSUE: http://www.youtube.com/arirangtoday ARIRANG CULTURE: http://www.youtube.com/arirangkorean ARIRANG FOOD & TRAVEL : http://www.youtube.com/ArirangFoodTravel ------------------------------------------------------------ [Visit Arirang TV Official Pages] Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/arirangtv Twitter: http://twitter.com/arirangworld Instagram: http://instagram.com/arirangworld Homepage: http://www.arirang.com ------------------------------------------------------------ [Arirang K-Pop] YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/arirangworld Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/arirangkpop Google+: http://plus.google.com/+arirangworld
Views: 7663 ARIRANG NEWS
National Security, Rare Earth Elements & The Thorium Problem
 
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"The only operating rare earth mine in the United States sends all of their valuable resources to China for processing. Congress does not know this. They think this [mining] company is supplying the U.S. value chain, [and] is supplying the military. It is in-fact, the opposite. They are part of the Chinese monopoly. They're shipping rare earth concentrates and oxides to China, and it comes back as a magnet, or an alloy, or a bolt-on component." - Jim Kennedy Latest News: https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/05/21/china-raises-threat-of-rare-earth-mineral-cutoff-to-us/ The White House must take direct action under the authority of the Defense Protection Act and establish a domestic and fully integrated rare earth cooperative. Why can't Molycorp, Lynas or any other 'western' rare earth company succeed? China's production and market advantage in Rare Earth Elements (REE) is largely the result of NRC and IAEA "Source Material" regulations with unintended consequences. Source Material: Materials containing any ratio or combination of Thorium and Uranium above .05%. Producing or holding these materials within the regulatory threshold (.05%) requires extensive and wide-ranging licensing, storage, transportation, remediation disposal and compliance costs, including prohibitive liability and bonding issues. Consequently any potential supplier of byproduct / co-product rare earth resources that would be designated as "source material' disposes of these valuable resources to avoid liability and compliance issues. NRC / IAEA regulations regarding "Source Material" played a key roll in undermining the economic viability of all 'western' rare earth producers and are a critical factor in China's current 'market advantage'. Producers like Molycorp and Lynas, with low Thorium deposits, can never compete with China. Resources are abundant and available: U.S mining companies currently mine as much as 50% of global Rare Earth Elements demand every year. But these resources are diverted in tailings lakes or are redistributed back into the host ore body, due to NRC and IAEA regulations defining Monazite and other Thorium bearing rare earth resources as "Source Material". To solve "The Thorium Problem" requires a federally chartered multinational Thorium Energy and Industrial Products Corporation ("Thorium Bank"). Privately funded and operated, this would decouple thorium from rare earth production. The Thorium Corporation would also have Congressional Authority to develop Thorium energy systems and industrial products. Environmental regulations are not scaled back... rather this enables thorium to be stored safely & securely, rather then being treated as "waste". This also addresses the U.S. Weapons Systems current 100% Dependency on China for Rare Earths. http://thoriumenergyalliance.com/downloads/TEAC6/USWeaponsChinese.pdf Federal Legislation governing Strategic Materials, 10 USC 2533b, does not specify rare earths, but includes metal alloys containing limited amounts of manganese, silicon, copper, or aluminum, chromium, cobalt, columbium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, nickel and iron-nickel, cobalt, Titanium and Zirconium alloys. Federal Regulations require that these materials be melted in the U.S. Most of these materials are utilized in rare earth alloys, magnets and components in the defense industry. We do NOT need to reclassify thorium. We do NOT need to weaken current environmental protection. Resolve "The Thorium Problem" which cripples United States domestic rare earth mining, processing and value-adding processes. Source Footage: Jim Kennedy @ IAEA: http://youtu.be/fLR39sT_bTs Jim Kennedy interview @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/Dih30mUexrA Jim Kennedy Talk @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/CARlEac1iuA Stephen Boyd @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/z7qfOnMzP9Y Stephen Boyd @ TEAC4: http://youtu.be/J16IpITWBQ8 John Kutsch @ TEAC6: http://youtu.be/MgRn4g7a068
Views: 50299 gordonmcdowell
The Search For Rare Earths | Treasure Hunters | Spark
 
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For thousands of years, they lay dormant in the soil until suddenly, they became the driving force behind a technical revolution: rare earths. Researchers drill for new deposits and find more environmentally friendly ways of processing the materials. A fascinating glimpse at cutting-edge research that could make our green technologies of the future even greener. First Broadcast in 2013. Content Provided By Java Films. Any queries, contact us at [email protected] Subscribe to Spark for more amazing science, tech and engineering videos - https://goo.gl/LIrlur Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SparkDocs/ Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/spark_channel/?hl=undefined #tresure #science #rareearth #technology #iphone #iphoneproduction #apple #treasurehunter #engineering
Views: 33075 Spark
US to Wean Itself from China's Rare Earth?
 
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A US based non-profit called the Strategic Materials Advisory Council warned the US Department of Defense on March 21 against stockpiling rare earth metals. Currently, China supplies about 95% of the rare earths market. The non-profit is concerned that relying on China for material so essential to US defense is unwise. Instead of stockpiling the material, it recommends redeveloping a rare earths industry in the US that can support the US long-term. Rare earths were mined in the US some years ago but closed down in 2002 because of the inherent environmental damage and abundant supply from China. Because China has so much control over the market, buyers are worried it could toy with the supply and hike up the prices as it did in 2011. Japan learned the hard way how politics can affect the supply. In 2010 China cut all its rare earth exports to Japan, seriously hurting its high-tech industry. Rare earth elements have many functions, but are best known for their use in batteries. The US outlined rare earths in its "Strategic and Critical Materials 2013 Report on Stockpile Requirements," and recommended spending over $120 million to stash it. Other countries are also trying to develop their own rare earths production to diversify the supply away from China. Subscribe to NTDonChina ☛ http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=ntdonchina For more news and videos visit ☛ http://ntd.tv Follow us on Twitter ☛ http://twitter.com/NTDTelevision Add us on Facebook ☛ http://on.fb.me/s5KV2C
Views: 2375 NTDonChina
China's hold on rare earths
 
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As China stockpiles rare earth minerals used to manufacture consumer items like iPhones and cameras, the U.S. is facing a growing shortage.
Views: 16110 CNN Business
Options for the separation of Rare Earth Elements (REE)
 
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Options for the separation of Rare Earth Elements (REE)
China's rare earth monopoly
 
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Rare earth metals are a collection of 17 chemical elements that are key to the production of a long list of modern-day technologies. Despite their name, the elements are relatively plentiful in the earth's crust. However, because of their geochemical properties, the elements are not often found in concentrated forms that are economically viable to extract. Mining them is not only complex but costly, so many countries are cautious. China produces more than 95 per cent of the elements for the world's technology industry. The rest is supplied by the US, Estonia, India, Malaysia and Brazil. That may change, however, as demand for rare-earth metals rises for use in products such as smartphones, electric and hybrid cars, common computer monitors and televisions. Al Jazeera's Melissa Chan, reporting from Baotou in China, examines the importance of these elements.
Views: 78185 Al Jazeera English
Iridium - The MOST RARE Metal on Earth!
 
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Chemical Elements: http://www.ebay.com /usr/novaelementscom?_trksid=p2047675.l2559 NOVAELEMENTS: https://www.novaelements.com/ Mel Science chemical sets: https://goo.gl/SxwFlQ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/Thoisoi?ty=h Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thoisoi2 Interesting page about chemical experiments: http://m.chemicum.com/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thoisoi/ So today I will tell you about the most rare metal on Earth - iridium. Iridium is a transitional metal, which is located in the middle of the periodic table, below rhodium. If we take a look at the prevalence of all elements in the earth's crust, Iridium holds the last place, that is a billion atoms of all that there is and only one atom of iridium. This metal is 40 times rarer than gold. In much higher concentrations iridium is found in meteorites and also in the depths of the Earth, in magma. Interestingly enough, in the layers of rock sediments, though more precisely in the formation of clay, that is aged about 66 million years there were found high concentrations of iridium and this can indicate the collision of Earth with a huge meteorite in the past, which in theory was the cause of the death of the dinosaurs. In it’s appearance iridium is a shiny metal that does not oxidize in air. This metal has almost the highest density of all metals, just 0.12% lower than that of osmium - the most dense metal. In this tiny tiny metal droplet, which is of the size of a match head, we have 1 gram of iridium. To help you understand how high is the density of iridium, I will show other metals with the same mass for comparison. Lead, copper, gallium, zinc, magnesium, and the lightest metal - lithium. The volumes of the first and last metal differ by about 30 times, although their mass is the same. Iridium is also a very hard metal that is firmer than the solid steel in 1.5 (one and a half) times. Iridium, in addition to its rarity is even the most stable metal that does not oxidize in air up to 2000 degrees, and is not soluble in either acid or aqua regia. Iridium can only react with the fluorine at temperatures of about 600 degrees. Unfortunately, due to the low activity of iridium, I cannot conduct any chemical experiments or have quality reactions with it. The only thing that I can do is make a fine powder of iridium and set it on fire in the air, but as you can see, in this case iridium dust is burning quite slowly and also requires dispersing it in the air. For the first time on youtube, you can observe a burning iridium. Also, due to the low activity of iridium, the metal does not tarnish in air, even when heated to above 1,000 degrees. The only thing that the drop of iridium got covered with is a partially evaporated ceramic layer, the one that the forceps are made from. Iridium compounds are can be either brown or yellow, such as the complex of Vasca, which is used as a catalyst in organic chemistry. By the way, Iridium is the only element that can give away 9 electrons and form compounds with +9 (plus nine) oxidation state. Iridium now finds many uses in science and technology. In most cases, we will probably find iridium in spark plugs for vehicles, due to the high stability of iridium to oxidation under the influence of electric discharge. Pure iridium is used for making crucibles for growing single crystals, foil for making non-amalgam cathodes, as well as as a part of the highly resistant to corrosion alloys. The first standard of mass of one kilogram was created in 1889 using an alloy composition of 90% platinum and 10% iridium and is called the International Prototype Kilogram, it is still kept in the Paris Chamber of Weights and Measures. Now you know more about one more of the elements, if you would like the scientific series of the elements to continue, please subscribe to my channel and also throw in some likes if you can! Thank you for watching.
Rare earth metals
 
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[Sponsored Content] Identified as important metals in the production of high-tech electronics and most often used in industrial processes such as electric cars or renewable energy solutions. Peter Rosenstreich, Head Market Strategy, says: “Demand for minerals such as cobalt, neodymium or tungsten is expected to take off and rising prices should follow.”
Views: 2137 CNNMoney Switzerland
Rare Earth Elements: China's Vibranium?
 
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It makes more sense if you watch the video. Music provided by bensound.com
Views: 608656 Atlas Pro
Stephen Boyd - Rare Earth Elements, History, Chemistry, Physics & Applications
 
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Fluorine chemist Stephen Boyd discusses rare earth fluoride doped salts, and why they are represented separately from the rest of the elements on the periodic table. Presented at TEAC4 (Thorium Energy Alliance Conference #4).
Views: 9251 gordonmcdowell
Rare Earth Minerals Turn Villages to Ruins
 
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Follow us on TWITTER: http://twitter.com/cnforbiddennews Like us on FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/chinaforbiddennews Baotou, Inner Mongolia is China's largest rare earth mineral production base. Although it is a precious mineral resource, rare earth imposes great dangers of pollution. Recently, French media reported from Baotou. Entitled "In China, rare earths are killing villages", the report highlighted massive environmental pollution. It revealed the impact of the production of rare earth minerals on local residents, animals and land. The following is our report. French media 'Le Monde' reported from Baotou, stating that by aerial viewpoint, it looks like a large lake, fed by numerous tributaries. On site, it is actually an opaque discharge covering an area of 10 km2. Surrounding the industrial plants producing 17 minerals are reject waste waters loaded with chemicals. There are no fish or algae The Le Monde article introduced that rock from Bayan obo rare earth ore mine, located 120 kilometers away, are sent here for treatment. The concentration of rare earth in the rocks is very low and must be separated and purified by hydrometallurgical processes and acid baths. In the effluent basin are exist all sorts of toxic chemicals and radioactive elements such as thorium. Ingestion of these toxins causes cancer of the pancreas, lung and blood. A pungent odor exudes within radius of 10 miles. Local villagers have been suffering from cancer. Rows of brown houses in the village have been reduced to rubble. Sichuan environmentalist Chen Yunfei indicates that rare earth refining process causes great environmental pollution and destruction. People are unaware of the specific dangers of this project, and the specialists involved in the decision-making. Chen Yunfei: "Some officials only work on the image projects for profit. They relocate once the money has been made. Some officials collude with the business, caring about nothing but profit, leaving the mess for the public." According to local residents, Baotou used to be a vast grassland. In 1958 the state enterprise Baotou Iron and Steel Company began producing rare earth production. By the end of 1980, locals found that the plant was in trouble. Last year, China Environment News reported that Baotou Iron and Steel Group's tailing dam leakage has caused damage to five surrounding villages. It has affected more than 3000 farmers, and ruined more than 3,295 Acres of farmland. Ma Peng, former Director of the Baotou Rare Earth Research Institute, indicated that due to the lack of a barrier below the tailing dam, the mining waste is directly discharging into the Yellow River. The discharge is at a rate of 300m per year. The residents also said that further pollution has been caused by other industries and thermal power plants. These industries followed rare earth production by the Baotou Iron and Steel Company. Local residents have to breathe air saturated with sulfuric acid and coal dust. Coal dust is airbourne around the houses. Cows, horses, chickens and goats are being killed by these poisons. The locals have fled, and Xinguang Sancun village has now decreased from 2000 villagers to 300. Every family is hit with illness. After 20 years of complaints to the local government, the villagers have finally won promises of financial compensation. These have only been partially fulfilled. Miss Hao, a resident of Baotou: "We all know. The government is too dark. No one cares about the people, whether they live or die, not to mention the pollution." For many years, there have been calls for attention for the issue of Baotou tailing dam discharging thorium radiation to Baotou and into the Yellow River. The hazards and pollution caused by the Baotou tailing dam have never been effectively alleviated. Environmentalist Chen Yunfei: "This is an investment that has hurt several generations. It has polluted the whole environment. This high cost investment ought to be condemned. Our future generations are going to suffer for it." China Environment News indicated that Baotou is located in the stratum fracture zone. In the event of a major earthquake or large-scale rainfall, the rupture of the tailing dam will threaten the surrounding five villages, as well as tens of thousands of lives of the Baotou Iron and Steel workers. If the tailings flow into the Yellow River, it will cause serious pollution to the river. 《神韵》2011世界巡演新亮点 http://www.ShenYunPerformingArts.org/
Views: 26121 ChinaForbiddenNews
Is It Safe To Invest In Mining Rare Earth Metals?
 
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Guy is heavily invested in energy. His oil stocks aren't doing so well, so Guy started investing in Uranium mining. He planned his investment around the hopes for new nuclear power facilities being built in China and the United States, but these facilities can take decades to construct. Wes discusses the role of mining and the materials sector in the S&P 500. Original air date: March 4, 2018 - Hour 2, Call 1. Wes Moss is the host of MONEY MATTERS – the country’s longest running live call-in, investment and personal finance radio show – on News 95-5FM and AM 750 WSB. You Can Retire Sooner Than You Think, Buy it here: https://retiresoonerbook.com/
Rare earth elements: Simple commodity or strategic vulnerability?
 
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Rare earths are a group of 17 elements with unique chemical, magnetic and luminescent properties crucial for the functioning of much of today’s high technology equipment, including MRIs, lap-top computers, hybrid vehicles and LEDs. They also have important applications in the defence industry. China is the dominant supplier of rare earth elements (REEs), meeting at least 85% of global demand. In 2010, REEs were splashed across the front pages of newspapers when it significantly reduced rare earth export quotas and temporarily suspended their shipment to Japan. Consumers quickly recognised that diversity of reliable supply is just as important as price and quality, and there is a concerted effort to replace, reduce and recycle REEs. So are REEs best understood as simple commodities, or as strategic resources that can be used as tools of statecraft? And can Australia play a part in the development of alternative reliable sources of rare earths? To help understand the strategic importance of REEs the National Security College and Crawford School of Public Policy welcome two global experts in the field.
Views: 10675 ANU TV
Recycling Magnets for Good - A Cleaner Future
 
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Presented by Coors-Light // Only less that 1% of rare earth magnets, which are used in everyday tools, are recycled. The Urban Mining Company creates magnets from rare earth metals that were thrown away, cleaning our future every step of the way. Subscribe for new episodes of 'A Cleaner Future' and more: http://on.mash.to/subscribe Mashable’s new series ‘A Cleaner Future’ highlights the best & brightest innovators working to change our world for the better. Watch more episodes: http://on.mash.to/CleanerFuture MASHABLE ON YOUTUBE Subscribe to Mashable: http://on.mash.to/subscribe Best of playlist: https://on.mash.to/BestOf MASHABLE ACROSS THE WEB Mashable.com: http://on.mash.to/1hCcRpl Facebook: http://on.mash.to/1KkCTIP Twitter: http://on.mash.to/1Udp1kz Tumblr: http://on.mash.to/1NBBijY Instagram: http://on.mash.to/1U6D40z Google+: http://on.mash.to/1i27L5R Mashable is a leading global media company that informs, inspires and entertains the digital generation.
Views: 16323 Mashable
Neodymium Is In Demand And China Controls Its Supply
 
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Powerful magnets are necessary for an iPhone to vibrate or a Tesla Model 3's motor to spin. If you combine neodymium with iron and boron, you can make a neodymium-iron-boron magnet, which is the most powerful type of permanent magnet ever created. And demand for these magnets is on the rise. But 80 percent of the world's neodymium comes from China. You may not have heard of neodymium, but you're probably carrying some of it around with you right now. It's in your cellphone, your headphones and you might be driving several pounds of it around in your car. Neodymium — pronounced "nee-oh-DIM-ee-um" — is one of 17 chemically similar elements called rare earth elements, and demand for this metal is on the rise. "Neodymium is responsible for most, if not all, of the growth in rare earth demand at the moment," said Roderick Eggert, deputy director of the Critical Materials Institute at Colorado School of Mines. For an iPhone to vibrate, for AirPods to play music, for wind turbines to generate power and for a Toyota Prius or Tesla Model 3's motor to spin, they need powerful magnets. If you combine neodymium with iron and boron, you can make a neodymium-iron-boron magnet, which is the most powerful type of permanent magnet ever created. In the case of your cellphone and earbuds, using neodymium magnets means they can be physically tiny but still strong. For motors, using permanent magnets means powerful, efficient motors with fewer electromagnetic components. » Subscribe to CNBC: http://cnb.cx/SubscribeCNBC About CNBC: From 'Wall Street' to 'Main Street' to award winning original documentaries and Reality TV series, CNBC has you covered. Experience special sneak peeks of your favorite shows, exclusive video and more. Connect with CNBC News Online Get the latest news: http://www.cnbc.com/ Follow CNBC on LinkedIn: https://cnb.cx/LinkedInCNBC Follow CNBC News on Facebook: http://cnb.cx/LikeCNBC Follow CNBC News on Twitter: http://cnb.cx/FollowCNBC Follow CNBC News on Google+: http://cnb.cx/PlusCNBC Follow CNBC News on Instagram: http://cnb.cx/InstagramCNBC #CNBC #Neodymium Neodymium Magnets Are In Demand And China Controls The World's Supply | CNBC
Views: 264133 CNBC
CHINA'S NUCLEAR OPTION IN TRADE WAR WITH U.S. IS RARE EARTH MINERALS
 
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In honor of YHWH THE MOST HIGH · ☆Watch Daily Content Youtube.com/Thekchardawaychannel · HardawayCo.com Paypal.me/hardawayco [email protected] Cash.me/HardawayCo https://www.goldmoney.com/w/finessefinance Bible Study Every Tuesday & Thursday 9PM-10PM US Call-in Number: 1-646-941-1150 PIN: 737-9965 Business News China's other nuclear option in trade war with US – Rare earth materials Published: 22 May 2019 | 13:31 GMT  Beijing has yet another economic weapon to use against Washington in the escalating trade row – a possible embargo on vital rare earth metals needed to make everything from high-tech devices to fighter jets. A routine visit by President Xi Jinping to a Chinese rare earths facility earlier this week came amid rising tensions between the two countries and shortly after the US turned up the heat on Chinese tech giant Huawei. Despite the lack of any official announcement from Beijing, the visit has triggered fears that China is ready to use the materials, specifically a ban on their export, as an advantage against the US. Read more US to face ‘deadly punch’ from ‘kung fu master’ China in response to trade war tricks – ex-official Rare earth materials are indeed one more way China can retaliate, independent political analyst, Alessandro Bruno, told RT. “It could put heavy restrictions on the rare earth metals that are necessary to make all kinds of electronic equipment, especially phones. This is a significant threat because the West does not have its own supply,” he explained. The minerals are unsurprisingly not included on the US list of $200 billion worth of Chinese goods facing higher import tariffs. Shortly after Chinese and other media reported that Beijing is considering an embargo, shares of rare earth miners skyrocketed. On Tuesday, the rare-earth sector jumped by 8.5 percent, according to Global Times. China Rare Earth Holdings Ltd enjoyed the biggest gains in the industry as its shares soared 108 percent. The strategic importance of rare earth elements, which are mostly metals so the group is often referred to as “rare earth metals,” is hard to overestimate. We use them every day even without knowing it – from your smartphone to a laptop to hybrid or electric vehicles. Rare earths are also used in modern weapons, for example in missile guidance systems and fighter jets. So it is obvious that American industries would suffer a painful blow should China cut the supplies. The most painful part for the US is that China has a virtual monopoly in the sphere, as it accounts for around 80 percent of the imports, according to the US Geological Survey. This could make Beijing's ban on such materials a nuclear option against Washington. ALSO ON RT.COMChina’s nuclear option of dumping US bonds would cause absolute chaos in global markets – expert The US used to be the largest rare-earths-producing country in 1990, but China has stolen the crown long ago. In 2018, Beijing mined 120,000 tons of the materials – a 15,000-ton increase compared to a year earlier, while the US produced just 15,000 tons in total. China holds 44 million tons of the elements if its reserves, while the US just 1.4 million tons. For more stories on economy & finance visit RT's business section
Rare Earth Mining
 
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VOA's Philip Alexiou talks with the President and CEO of Avalon Rare Metals who recently visited the New York Stock Exchange. Don Bubar who leads the Toronto based company talks about the kinds of rare earth metals Avalon will focus on and how China's rare earth supply policy is affecting the metals and minerals market.
Views: 13524 VOA News
Impact of Materials on Society (IMOS) - Rare Earth Elements
 
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Rare earth elements are a class of materials that when alloyed or mixed with other elements can offer a range of fascinating property changes from fluorescence to increased magnetism. Many of the modern sustainable systems like windmills, electric vehicles and LED lighting rely on rare earth elements. However political challenges with where these materials are mined continue to be a concern for these critical materials. This video is a content resource for the Impact of Materials on Society (IMOS) course, an introductory level undergraduate course about Materials Science and Engineering. It can be used independent of the IMOS course in K-12 education, informal science education and outreach as well. The IMOS course was developed through a partnership with faculty at the University of Florida, the Materials Research Society and the Department of Defense. The IMOS course leads the way in building broader bridges between research in engineering, the humanities and social sciences. This approach creates successful technologies that address critical social issues in ways that respect human values and belief systems. Video Production: Bruno White Entertainment, Orlando, FL http://brunowhite.com Contact: [email protected] for more informative about the entire IMOS video series, the IMOS course and other instructional materials.
US Mining Companies Show New Interest in Rare Earths
 
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I'm Mario Ritter with the VOA Special English Economics Report, from http://voaspecialenglish.com | http://facebook.com/voalearningenglish Today we continue our report on the group of chemical elements known as rare earth metals. These are mined from the earth and used to make technology from mobile phones to missiles. The United States once led the world in rare earths. Today China controls almost all production. Premier Wen Jiabao says China will not use these metals as a diplomatic weapon. But Japan says exports meant for that country have remained at Chinese ports as a result of a recent dispute. The United States stopped mining rare earths in two thousand two. Companies blamed environmental rules and low-priced imports from China. But now exploration is moving forward again. Edward Cowle is president and chief executive of a company called U.S. Rare Earths. He and his partners gained rights to some land in the American West about fifteen years ago. They had been interested in thorium -- a radioactive element that can fuel nuclear reactors but not be processed into weapons. Mr. Cowle later found that the land also held a lot of rare earth metals -- lately a subject of intense interest. The company has not started mining yet. It still has to get permits and work with other businesses to put operations in place. Ed Cowle says a lot of work remains. He says the earliest that they could open the mine would be in six to seven years. Another American company is Molycorp. Jim Sims, the public affairs director, says Molycorp has already begun producing three thousand tons of rare earths a year. That makes the United States the world's second largest producer, a distant second. Mr. Sims says Molycorp is the western hemisphere's only producer of rare earth products. The company says the largest reserves of rare earths outside of China are in its mine in Mountain Pass, California, and in the Mount Weld area of Australia. Jim Sims says Molycorp spends only about ten percent on mining. The big cost is in chemically separating the rare earths from the minerals that carry them. He says Molycorp raised about three hundred eighty million dollars when it sold stock to the public for the first time in July. The company aims to increase production to twenty thousand tons by two thousand twelve. It says that would more than meet current levels of demand in the United States. For VOA Special English, I'm Mario Ritter. (Adapted from a radio program broadcast 15Oct2010)
Views: 36265 VOA Learning English
China’s monopoly on rare Earth minerals
 
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U.S. business leaders are pushing the administration to break up China’s monopoly on rare Earth minerals, which are used in everything from smartphones to cars. Michael Silver, CEO of American Elements, joins Richard Quest to discuss.
Views: 1053 Quest Means Business
Japan finds huge deposit of rare-earth minerals - TomoNews
 
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MINAMITORISHIMA ISLAND, JAPAN — A deposit of rare-earth minerals has been discovered off the coast of Japan. Our favorite VPN: Private Internet Access ►►http://bit.ly/TomoNewsVPN Stuff we use to make TomoNews ►►https://www.amazon.com/shop/tomonewsus TomoNews is your best source for real news. We cover the funniest, craziest and most talked-about stories on the internet. If you’re laughing, we’re laughing. If you’re outraged, we’re outraged. We tell it like it is. And because we can animate stories, TomoNews brings you news like you’ve never seen before. Top TomoNews Stories - The most popular videos on TomoNews! http://bit.ly/Top_TomoNews_Stories You Idiot! - People doing stupid things http://bit.ly/You-Idiot Recent Uploads - The latest stories brought to you by TomoNews http://bit.ly/Latest-TomoNews Ultimate TomoNews Compilations - Can't get enough of TomoNews? This playlist is for you! New videos every day http://bit.ly/Ulitmate_TomoNews_Compi... Thanks for watching TomoNews! Like TomoNews on Facebook ►► http://www.facebook.com/TomoNewsUS Follow us on Twitter ►► @tomonewsus http://www.twitter.com/TomoNewsUS Follow us on Instagram ►► @tomonewsus http://instagram.com/tomonewsus Subscribe to TomoNews ►► http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-TomoNews Watch more TomoNews ►► http://bit.ly/MoreTomoNews Visit our website for all the latest videos: http://us.tomonews.com Check out our Android app: http://bit.ly/1rddhCj Check out our iOS app: http://bit.ly/1gO3z1f Get top stories delivered to your inbox every day: http://bit.ly/tomo-newsletter
Views: 9608 TomoNews US
Japan finds huge deposits of rare earth elements
 
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Japan has reportedly found hundreds of years' worth of rare earth minerals under the seabed near one of its islands far out in the Pacific. The discovery could help reduce the world's dependence on China for those elements, which are used in many high-tech products. Hong Yoo has more. Japanese researchers have found more than 16 million tons of rare earth deposits …under the seabed near the island of Minami-Torishima, …some 18-hundred kilometers from the country's mainland. Rare earths include dozens of minerals used in high-tech products, from smart phones to electric vehicles. According to the study released on Tuesday in the journal Scientific Reports, the researchers collected samples of the elements in 25 locations on the seabed …across a 25-hundred square-kilometer area. The analysis found 730 years' worth of dysprosium, used for the magnets in hybrid cars, and 780 years' worth of yttrium, used in the manufacture of lasers, based on estimated demand. The discovery of the deposits could help ease the world's dependence on China, …which accounts for nearly 90 percent of all rare earths production. Beijing's dominant position has resulted in price spikes and shortages in the past. The researchers say they have also come up with the technology to allow the resources to be extracted efficiently. The method can boost the density of rare earth minerals to 20 times that of the deposits in mainland China. The researchers plan to work with private companies to recover the rare earth minerals. SOURCE: Arirang News
Views: 235 Civil Disturbia
US seeks rare earth elements
 
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Rare earth elements may be a mystery to many people, but they are very important components of many of the items used in homes and offices every day. While 97 per cent of the world's supply is controlled by China, the US has the third largest reserves of rare earth elements. But the only US mine where those elements are found is currently inactive, and US officials are beginning to view rare earths as a matter of national priority. Al Jazeera's Rob Reynolds reports from Mountain Pass, California, once the site of the world's leading producer of rare earth elements.
Views: 13060 Al Jazeera English
Running From Rare Earth Metals
 
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June 30 -- From smartphones to ballistic missiles and hybrid cars, so much of our high tech works because of rare earth metals. Yet the U.S.' biggest rare earth miner Molycorp has filed for bankruptcy. Bloomberg's Ramy Inocencio explains what rare earth metals are and why Molycorp isn't the only miner on the brink of a bust.
Views: 3332 Bloomberg
Apple wants to stop mining rare-earth minerals
 
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The company eventually wants to stop mining the earth for minerals and use recycled ones instead. Learn more about this story at www.newsy.com/68642/ Find more videos like this at www.newsy.com Follow Newsy on Facebook: www.facebook.com/newsyvideos Follow Newsy on Twitter: www.twitter.com/newsyvideos
Views: 1228 Newsy
Rare Earth Elements
 
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Rare earth elements are turning into a hot commodity in the international markets. China, which has a disproportionate share of the world's supply of these valuable minerals recently began restricting their export. These minerals are important parts of many advanced electronic equipment, including batteries for electric cars. This package interviews Jeff Post, a geological scientist on rare earth elements, why they are important and how they are extracted. Rare Earth Elements, mining, copper, zinc, China Mongolia, VOA, Abdul Aziz Khan
Views: 819 VOA Urdu
Why It Takes 75 Elements To Make Your Cell Phone
 
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Turns out there are some pretty rare elements in your smartphone. How rare are they and what are they doing in your phone? Why Does Your Phone Battery Suck? - https://youtu.be/TkEMPh0cXUw Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Get 15% off http://www.domain.com domain names and web hosting when you use coupon code DNEWS at checkout! Read More: The All-American iPhone https://www.technologyreview.com/s/601491/the-all-american-iphone/?utm_campaign=add_this&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=post "According to King at the Ames Lab, an iPhone has about 75 elements in it-two-thirds of the periodic table. Even just the outside of an iPhone relies heavily on materials that aren't commercially available in the U.S. Aluminum comes from bauxite, and there are no major bauxite mines in the U.S. (Recycled aluminum would have to be the domestic source.)" For metals of the smartphone age, no Plan B http://news.yale.edu/2013/12/02/metals-smartphone-age-no-plan-b "Many of the metals needed to feed the surging global demand for high-tech products, from smart phones to solar panels, cannot be replaced, leaving some markets vulnerable if resources become scarce, according to a new Yale study." Where to Find Rare Earth Elements http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/next/physics/rare-earth-elements-in-cell-phones/ "Every time I see a commercial for a new cell phone, I feel a bit nauseous. I love a new cell phone just like the next person, but because of my training as a materials scientist, I feel like a worker in a sausage factory. Cell phones, like sausages, may be great, but you don't really want to know what it takes to make them." ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos daily. Watch More DNews on Seeker http://www.seeker.com/show/dnews/ Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/+dnews Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here: http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Written By: William Poor
Views: 123164 Seeker
Rare Earth Elements Research with Rick Honaker
 
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Rick Honaker, a mining engineering professor at the University of Kentucky, is running a test plant to extract rare earth elements from coal. The Fire Clay coal seam in Eastern Kentucky has the potential to provide the U.S. with rare earth elements that are currently coming from China, but the challenge is finding an economical way to extract these valuable elements.
Is America Prepared for China's Long March to Cut Off Exports of ALL Rare Earth Metals?
 
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US-China Trade War: Is America Prepared for China's Long March to Cut Off Exports of ALL Rare Earth Metals? SUPPORT TRUNEWS: http://tru.news/2ps3OL2 TruNews on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/trunews/ TruNews on Twitter: https://twitter.com/trunews TruNews on Spreaker: http://www.spreaker.com/user/trunews TruNews on SoundCloud: https://soundcloud.com/trunews TruNews RSS Feed: https://www.trunews.com/feed TruNews is on the air! TruNews is God’s answer to Satan’s fake news. TruNews is the world’s leading news source that reports, analyzes, and comments on global events and trends with a conservative, orthodox Christian worldview. Our vision is to build a global news network that provides a credible source for world news, events, and trends while giving respect and honor to Christians of all major denominations — Evangelical, Orthodox, Anglican, Catholic, and Protestant. We believe Christians need and deserve their own global news network to keep the worldwide Church informed, and to offer Christians a positive alternative to the anti–Christian bigotry of the mainstream news media. Like David vs. Goliath, Rick Wiles is a citizen reporter who decided to take on the Big News Media. Starting with a $7,500 donation in May 1999 to launch the first radio program, Rick’s faith in God and steadfast determination has overseen the growth and development of TruNews into an internationally recognized source of credible news and information in a world where nothing seems to make sense anymore. Rick’s professional career was in media marketing and advertising sales. Throughout his early years, God’s hand silently guided him to be in employed in the latest new media. While in his early 20’s, Rick’s first media job was with a new FM radio station in the days when AM was still king. In 1980, he blazed a path as a pioneer in local cable television advertising when CNN and ESPN were new start-up channels on cable TV. As a sales manager, he launched one of the first cable advertising interconnects in the nation. He was hired in 1984 by the Christian Broadcasting Network as the first National Cable Marketing Manager for the new CBN Cable Network which later became the Family Channel. In 1995, Paul F. Crouch hired Rick as the Marketing Director for Trinity Broadcasting Network where Rick repositioned the TBN brand inside the cable industry — and played an important role in negotiating the early contracts to launch TBN on DirectTV, DISH, and the former PrimeStar DBS systems. Rick resigned from TBN in September 1998 after receiving a dramatic call from God to full–time ministry. Have questions? Please send an email to [email protected] We are here to pray for you. Whatever may be on your heart, no matter how big or small the burden, someone is waiting to stand with you in prayer. https://www.trunews.com/prayer
Views: 28233 TruNews
Micro Miners for Rare Earth Extraction Microbes, Minerals, and Money
 
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You will hear about LLNL’s Micro Miners team and their technology that uses bacteria to extract rare earth elements from geothermal fluids. They will present a business model developed through customer discovery as part of the Department of Energy’s Lab-Corps program, an intensive training program focusing on moving high-impact, real-world technologies out of the laboratory and into the private sector. Presentation by Yongqin Jiao and Suzanne Singer
China-Japan Dispute Shines Light on Rare Earth Metals
 
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I'm Alex Villarreal with the VOA Special English Economics Report, from http://voaspecialenglish.com | http://facebook.com/voalearningenglish Few people had ever heard of the natural elements known as rare earth metals before a recent dispute between China and Japan. Yet these metals are used in devices like smartphones, flat screen televisions, hybrid car batteries, MP3 players and military equipment.In September, Japan detained a Chinese ship captain near disputed islands in the East China Sea. China denied that it stopped exports of rare earth metals to Japan to force his release. But the incident raised concerns. Japan is the world's biggest importer of rare earth metals. And China produces ninety-seven percent of the world supply. China says it sold almost four billion dollars' worth in two thousand eight. But marketing professor George Haley at the University of New Haven in Connecticut says China has always kept prices low.He says: "So unlike other minerals the price of rare earth elements has actually fallen."Some countries with rare earth metals no longer mine them -- including the United States. One reason is the low-cost imports from China. Another reason is concern about environmental damage. So what are these rare earth metals? Well, most of them are not rare; that is just their name. Several are more common than copper, lead or silver. People who remember the periodic table of the elements from chemistry class might recognize them. Rare earths include the fifteen lanthanide metals along with yttrium and scandium. Samuel Bader, a physicist at the Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago, says rare earths are often found together.But Mr. Bader explains that the same properties that make them hard to refine also make them valuable. He says: "Rare earth metals provide the world's strongest commercial magnets. This is why they're important. It's that simple."Rare earth magnets are lightweight and unaffected by conditions like high temperatures. So they work well in places like electric motors in hybrid vehicles or generators for wind turbines. Physicists use super-powerful magnets to speed particles and control radiation like X-rays. George Haley says they are found in electronics, fiber optics and other products. They are important not just for the economic success of the United States, but for defense and job creation at home.Next week, we'll talk more about rare earth metals, and an American company that plans to start mining them again. For VOA Special English I'm Alex Villarreal. (Adapted from a radio program broadcast 08Oct2010)
Views: 46473 VOA Learning English
Chinese leader Xi Jinping visits rare earths facility in Ganzou city
 
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시진핑, 美보란듯 희토류 공장 시찰 Chinese President Xi Jinping's recent visit to a rare earths facility in China's (Gan-zoe) Ganzhou city has fueled speculation the strategic materials could be used as part of a retaliation measure as Beijing's trade war with the U.S. heats up. China's Xinhua News Agency reported on Monday that President Xi was accompanied by Liu He, the vice premier who has been leading the Chinese side in the trade negotiations with Washington. (Gan-zoe)Ganzhou is known for its rare-earths mining and processing industry. The U.S. relies on China, the dominant global supplier, for about 80-percent of its rare earths imports. Arirang News Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/arirangtvnews
Views: 9550 ARIRANG NEWS
Extracting rare earth elements from coal
 
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Penn State is partnering on a project to create an economical way to extract rare earth elements from coal byproducts. Rare earth elements are widely used in consumer electronics, health care, defense and other industries. Sarma Pisupati, professor of energy and mineral engineering, explains the significance of the project. Video by Morgann McAfee. Music: "Corporate (Vision)" by Scott Holmes: http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Scott_Holmes/Corporate__Motivational_Music
8 Lesser-Known, Useful Elements
 
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There are 118 elements on the periodic table, but it seems like only a handful of them get any attention. But just because you haven't heard of an element doesn't mean that it isn't a vital part of everyday life. Hosted by: Michael Aranda ---------- http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ed010p227?journalCode=jceda8 http://www.cbsnews.com/news/rare-earth-elements-not-so-rare-after-all/ http://chemistry.tutorcircle.com/inorganic-chemistry/lanthanides.html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3601293/ http://chemistry.tutorcircle.com/inorganic-chemistry/lanthanides.html http://avalonadvancedmaterials.com/rare_metals/praseodymium/ http://www.springer.com/cda/content/document/cda_downloaddocument/9783642354571-c2.pdf?SGWID=0-0-45-1379023-p174751778 https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1072/OFR2013-1072.pdf http://avalonadvancedmaterials.com/rare_metals/praseodymium/ www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3601293/ www.lipmann.co.uk/metals-traded/praseodymium/ www.britannica.com/science/neodymium www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=1595 http://mineralseducationcoalition.org/elements/neodymium/ www.radiochemistry.org/periodictable/la_series/L8.html www.reuters.com/article/us-mining-toyota-idUSTRE57U02B20090831 www.frontierrareearths.com/demand-for-neodymium-from-wind-turbines/ www.mediacollege.com/audio/microphones/dynamic.html www.ndfeb-info.com/neodymium_magnets_made.aspx www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/elements/features/2010/blogging_the_periodic_table/ytterby_the_tiny_swedish_island_that_gave_the_periodic_table_four_different_elements.html https://books.google.com/books?id=yb9xTj72vNAC&pg=PA121 http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/pho.2008.2327 www.lsptechnologies.com/why-laser-peen.php https://books.google.com/books?id=eV7o7F2MYUUC&pg=PA340 www.ch.ic.ac.uk/rzepa/mim/century/html/ybco.htm www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/ybco-yttrium-barium-copper-oxide/6148.article www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/39/yttrium www.chemistryexplained.com/elements/T-Z/Yttrium.html http://cornerstone.lib.mnsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1345&context=etds http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/eng/Californium www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=half-life+of+americium-241 www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=number+of+atoms+in+1+microgram+of+americium-241 http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=(2.498*10%5E15)*(1-Exp%5B-(5.081*10%5E-11)*(10%5E0)%5D) www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=(2.498*10%5E15)*(1-Exp%5B-(5.081*10%5E-11)*(10%5E1)%5D) www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/non-power-nuclear-applications/radioisotopes-research/smoke-detectors-and-americium.aspx www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/industrial-uses/well-toolkit.html www.nrc.gov/materials/miau/industrial.html www.azosensors.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=389 www.kau.edu.sa/files/320/researches/47387_18847.pdf www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/cf.htm http://ucmanagedrought.ucdavis.edu/PDF/DROUGHT_WEB_NEUTRON_PRB.pdf www.google.com/patents/US4766319 https://books.google.com/books?id=v607AgAAQBAJ&pg=PA216 www.frontier-cf252.com/facts.html www.in.gov/indot/files/Earthworks_Chapter_12.pdf www.apnga.com/industry-info/gauge-basics/ www.kam.com/documents/2015/02/white-paper-determining-moisture-content-crude-oil.pdf www.google.com/patents/US3640888 www.onepetro.org/conference-paper/SPWLA-1969-P chemistry.about.com/od/elementfacts/f/densest-element.htm education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele076.html www.technology.matthey.com/article/39/4/164-164 www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/82/lead theodoregray.com/periodictable/Elements/076/index.html www.ebay.com/gds/A-PHONOGRAPH-NEEDLE-REPLACEMENT-GUIDE-RECORD-PLAYERS-/10000000000942923/g.html books.google.com/books?id=yb9xTj72vNAC&pg=PA15 pro.tanaka.co.jp/en/library/element/column08/ www.livescience.com/39142-osmium.html www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/10520290903462838 www.nibs.com/article4.html www.smallprecisiontools.com/products-and-solutions/chip-bonding-tools/wedge-bonding-tools/microloy-osmium-carbide-alloy/advantages-of-microloy-osmium-carbide-alloy/?oid=900&lang=en http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/of03-019/of03-019.pdf www.syvum.com/cgi/online/serve.cgi/squizzes/chem/periodic1b.html https://books.google.com/books?id=P_Ixuott4doC&pg=PA241 www.usantimony.com/flame_theory.htm https://books.google.com/books?id=BUfYWcxFim0C&pg=PA19 www.radiochemistry.org/periodictable/la_series/L8.html www.livescience.com/39074-what-is-an-mri.html www.insideradiology.com.au/gadolinium-contrast-medium/ https://books.google.com/books?id=Ik9ECwAAQBAJ&pg=PA100 https://books.google.com/books?id=xpCffxNrCXYC&pg=PA13 http://mri-q.com/uploads/3/4/5/7/34572113/lauffer_1999_review.pdf http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapm/journal/medphys/19/3/10.1118/1.596817 http://io9.gizmodo.com/hold-this-magnet-in-your-hand-and-it-stops-being-a-magn-1730030822 http://mriquestions.com/why-gadolinium.html www.chemistryexplained.com/elements/C-K/Gadolinium.html
Views: 839380 SciShow
China could cut rare earths supplies to the U.S. amid ongoing trade dispute
 
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미중 무역전쟁, 중국 희토류카드 내나 Meanwhile, China appears to have a new card to play as leverage,... rare earth elements. Our Kim Mok-yeon explains to us what these are and how they could impact the U.S.-China trade dispute. There's speculation that rare earth elements will act as the next bargaining chip for China in the ongoing trade war with the U.S.,... after President Xi Jinping visited a local company specializing in the sector earlier this week. Rare earths refers to some 17 chemically similar metallic elements,... known for their unique characteristics, especially their outstanding chemical, magnetic and fluorescent properties. They're found in most every day electronics, such as displays, fluorescent substances, and even electronic vehicles. China is the largest source of the minerals, producing more than 90 percent of the world's supply... making its dominance clear-cut. Though Washington also is capable of producing a relatively small amount, it relies on China for 80 percent of its rare earths imports,... making this sector an obvious source of leverage for Beijing. In 2010, China banned all of its rare earths exports to Japan, following a territorial dispute,... during which a Chinese fishing boat captain was detained by Tokyo. Japan quickly released the captain. But the case was later brought to the World Trade Organization resulting in a torrent of Chinese rare earth exports into the market and an inevitable collapse in prices. On Beijing's trade dispute with the U.S., pundits say Xi Jinping's visit to the local rare earths factory could be a strategic warning that it's considering playing the rare earths card, once again. However, a trade expert says the possibility of this actually happening is quite low. "Definitely, Xi Jinping's visit was a deliberate act to show such possibility. Since the U.S. pulled strings through tariffs, this could be China's way of reacting. But I think chances are slim because China is well aware that if they ban rare earths exports, it would only worsen the situation for both sides." Though it’s yet to be seen whether China will use rare earths as leverage in the trade dispute with the U.S., concerns have been raised over the costs of a prolonged trade war between the two countries. Kim Mok-yeon, Arirang News. Arirang News Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/arirangtvnews
Views: 7759 ARIRANG NEWS
Rare earths exports from China will cease someday — and we need to prepare, says Kingsnorth
 
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June 1, 2016 -- Professor Dudley J. Kingsnorth of Curtin Graduate School of Business and Executive Director of Industrial Minerals Company of Australia Pty Ltd was a presenter at the 5th Annual Cleantech and Technology Metals Summit held in Toronto. In his presentation, Dudley Kingsnorth provided a wide-ranging and concerning view of the rare earths sector. He is alarmed that China, through illegal mining and exporting, is squandering the best rare earths resources in the world and that, at some stage, the country will cease exporting these elements — and the rest of the world needs to prepare for that eventuality. His presentation covered: ◾The spectacular growth of the rare earth industry over the past 50 years, an achievement matched by few other metal commodities. ◾The challenge that Lynas Corp has faced with falling rare earth prices and finding trained staff. ◾How the low price and surplus of cerium may see its uses expand. ◾A forecast for future and growth rates in rare earths demand. ◾How China is progressing with its downstream rare earth expansion. ◾China's agenda for the future. ◾Why the rest of the world had to play its part in helping China stamp out illegal production, and the need for an international standard for rare earths which would deter illegal miners.
Views: 5121 InvestorIntel
Inside Look At The Rare Earth Industry (w/Justine Underhill) | Discoveries | Real Vision™
 
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What kind of future are we building with the tools we have today? As Justine Underhill continues to answer that question, she examines the consequences of our reliance on rare earth metals, which play crucial roles in cell phones, laptops, TVs and speakers. These metals are also essential for new “green” technologies, including wind turbines and electric vehicle motors, but the way they are mined could be an environmental disaster. Justine investigates how China rose to dominance in rare earth production, and shakes the web of fragile supply chains, as she speaks with Julie Klinger, author of Rare Earth Frontiers, Masato Sagawa, the inventor of rare earth magnets, metals trader Michael Rapaport, and the owners and operators of MP Materials, the only rare earth mining site in the U.S. Filmed in 2018 and 2019 in New York, Boston, Las Vegas and Mountain Pass, California. Watch more Real Vision™ videos: http://po.st/RealVisionVideos Subscribe to Real Vision™ on YouTube: http://po.st/RealVisionSubscribe Watch the full video by starting your 14-day free trial here: https://rvtv.io/2H83Y6T About Discoveries: Stretch your mind with brilliant original thinkers. This series introduces you to financial experts who bring a different angle to an existing topic or discuss ideas that are still on the boundary of finance. Challenge your existing thinking and be exposed to breakthrough topics that remain outside the realm of mainstream media. About Real Vision™: Real Vision™ is the destination for the world’s most successful investors to share their thoughts about what’s happening in today's markets. Think: TED Talks for Finance. On Real Vision™ you get exclusive access to watch the most successful investors, hedge fund managers and traders who share their frank and in-depth investment insights with no agenda, hype or bias. Make smart investment decisions and grow your portfolio with original content brought to you by the biggest names in finance, who get to say what they really think on Real Vision™. Connect with Real Vision™ Online: Linkedin: https://rvtv.io/2xbskqx Twitter: https://rvtv.io/2p5PrhJ Inside Look At The Rare Earth Industry (w/Justine Underhill) | Discoveries | Real Vision™ https://www.youtube.com/c/RealVisionTelevision Transcript: This is the only rare earth mine in the US. Why does it matter? In the 1960s, the average American home used around 20 chemical elements. Today, it uses over three times as many, and many of the niche but critical roles are filled by some unexpected elements-- rare earth metals. China had been blocking shipments of rare earth metals to Japan since mid-September, and to the US and Europe since October 18. American manufacturers need to have access to rare earth materials, which China supplies. Without these metals, you wouldn't have a working laptop, TV, speaker, or almost any other device. These metals are also essential for the Green Tech revolution . Although the way they're mined could be an environmental disaster. New refining plan for rare earth metals has become the target of environmental protests. The mining of rare earth materials which is probably the most destructive environmental practice on the planet. How did we get here?
Views: 2088 Real Vision Finance
Coffman on CNN: Rare Earth Metals
 
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Rep. Mike Coffman was interviewed by Pentagon Correspondent Chris Lawrence as part of a Situation Room segment about his legislation and rare earth elements. China is currently cornering the rare earth market - the strategic metals used for a multitude of technologies including night vision goggles, computers, cell phones, radar systems, tanks, and hybrid vehicles. This segment aired on The Situation Room with Wolf Blitzer on May 24, 2010.
Views: 10192 CongressmanCoffman
Rare Earth Stocks - Free Rare Earth Stocks
 
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Here you will learn about rare earth stocks: http://www.independentwealthalliance.com/reports/rare-earth-riches/ In this video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=316ByK9VKRQ) you will learn about rare earth stocks. Over the past few years precious metals have skyrocketed, which is what is beginning to happen to rare earth stocks, because of supply and demand. Mines are aging and mining technologies are advancing, which is one of the major causes of the skyrocketing precious metal prices. Canada's rare earth stocks are beginning the commodity cycle, just as precious metals did, except precious metals are much farther along in the commodity cycle. China has been the major player in rare earth metals, because they currently export about 75% of the world's rare earth metals. China has been cutting back on their exportation of rare earth metals, and planning to continue the cutback, because they want to use them for production of products within China. You can learn more about this in "How To Buy Rare Earth Metals Is A Growing Question For Investors" which was posted yesterday by Absolute Wealth. You can read the full article here: http://www.absolutewealth.com/rare-earth-stocks/
Views: 8234 AWPublishers
Rare Earth Elements
 
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Rare earth elements have recently become an issue in the media and on the national agenda, despite years of relative obscurity. This group of 17 elements is critical to the production of automotive components, communications technologies, clean energy sources, weapons systems, traditional fuel refineries, and countless other technologies. This panel is intended to address questions of key policy importance: What do the recent market developments mean for the rare earths industry? How should the United States respond to the changing market trends? What are the implications for the cleantech manufacturing sector?
Rare Earth Mining Companies Stocks - FREE Stocks
 
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To learn more about rare earth mining stocks click here: http://www.independentwealthalliance.com/reports/rare-earth-riches/ In this video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KgdG2fp0dME) you will learn about rare earth mining stocks. You and I directly contribute to the prices of Rare Earth mining companies stocks, because of our dependency upon high tech products. You use products every day that require rare earth metals in their production, like cell phones, computers, DVD's, rechargeable batteries, the catalytic converter on your car, fluorescent lights, and much more. These high tech products, and their demand have made the entire world heavily dependent on China, which produces over 90% of the low value Rare Earth Metals, and up to 99% of the high value Rare Earth Metals for world consumption. To get the full article click here: http://www.absolutewealth.com/rare-earth-mining-companies-stocks/
Views: 1593 AWPublishers
Rare Earth Elements
 
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Rare earth elements (REEs) are a discrete series of metals without which much of today's high-tech world would not exist. The cost of extracting these metals, the jurisdictions of REE reserves and the geopolitics associated with these vital commodities make them a game-changer for manufacturing, development of new technologies and international relations. In this video interviewer Ben Rushton speaks with leading Mayer Brown mining lawyer Ian Coles, about some of the challenges surrounding extraction and supply. Further information can be found at: http://www.mayerbrown.com/rare-earth-elements/
Views: 622 Mayer Brown